Women's cricket Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women's_cricket

Women's cricket is the form of the team sport of cricket when played by women only. It is played at the professional level in multiple countries around the world and 108 national teams participate internationally. 11 of them have WTest and WODI status and others have WT20I status. The first recorded match was in England on 26 July 1745.[1][2]

In November 2021, the International Cricket Council (ICC) retrospectively applied first-class and List A status to women's cricket, aligning it with the men's game.[3][4]


The first recorded match of women's cricket was reported in The Reading Mercury on 26 July 1745, a match contested "between eleven maids of Bramley and eleven maids of Hambledon, all dressed in white."[5] The first known women's cricket club was formed in 1887 in Yorkshire, named the White Heather Club. Three years later a team known as the Original English Lady Cricketers toured England, reportedly making substantial profits before their manager absconded with the money. In Australia, a women's cricket league was set up in 1894, while in South Africa, Port Elizabeth had a women's cricket team, the Pioneers Cricket Club.[6] In Canada, Victoria also had a women's cricket team that played at Beacon Hill Park.[7]

In 1958 the International Women's Cricket Council (IWCC) was formed to co-ordinate women's cricket around the world, taking over from the English Women's Cricket Association, which had been doing the same job in a de facto role since its creation 32 years earlier. In 2005, the IWCC was merged with the International Cricket Council (ICC) to form one unified body to help manage and develop cricket.

Women's international cricket[edit]

Australia's Meg Lanning sweeps during the West Indies tour of Australia in 2014. The wicket-keeper is Merissa Aguilleira.
Meg Lanning of Australia plays a sweep shot, during an ODI in 2014. The wicket-keeper is Merissa Aguilleira.[8][9][10]

Women's cricket has been played internationally since the inaugural women's Test match between England women and Australia women in December 1934. The following year, New Zealand women joined them. in 2007 Netherlands women became the tenth women's Test nation when they made their debut against South Africa women. A total of 141 Women's Test matches have been played.

Women's One Day Internationals (ODIs) were introduced in 1973 at the inaugural Women's Cricket World Cup. The 1,000th women's ODI took place in 2016. Australia has dominated the format, having claimed the World Cup six times and won 80% of their matches.

In 2004, a shorter format still was initiated, with the introduction of women's Twenty20 International, referring to a match restricted to twenty overs per side. Initially, women's Twenty20 cricket was played little at international level, with only four matches played by the end of 2006. However, the following three years saw a rapid growth, with six matches been played in 2007, ten in 2008 and thirty in 2009, which also saw the first ICC Women's World Twenty20. In April 2018, the ICC granted full women's Twenty20 International status to all its members.

Women's franchise cricket[edit]

Since 2015, women have played franchise cricket in the Australian Women's Big Bash League.

In 2016, the semi-professional Women's Cricket Super League formed in England and Wales.

2018 marked the inaugural year for women's franchise cricket in India. Women's T20 Challenge was a two team Twenty20 cricket competition in 2018. A year later in 2019, the competition was expanded as a three team tournament.

In 2018, the England and Wales Cricket Board announced plans for The Hundred tournament, set to launch in July 2021. During this period, the men's and women's teams have been marketed against each other and, on 23 January 2021, it was announced that the tournament would start with a women's match.

In 2022, Cricket West Indies and the Caribbean Premier League announced that they would jointly organizing a quarterly T10 cricket competition called The 6ixty, starting with a five-day tournament in August 2022. The women's edition of the tournament will feature the three teams from the also-inaugural edition of the Women's Caribbean Premier League.[11][12] The 6ixty was partly inspired by the women's exhibition T10 matches that were played just before the 2019 Caribbean Premier League playoff matches.[13][14]

Commonwealth Games 2022[edit]

In August 2019, Commonwealth Games Foundation announced addition of women's cricket to 2022 Commonwealth Games. The matches to be held in Edgbaston will feature a total of eight teams that will be competing in a T20 format.[15]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Judy Threlfall-Sykes (October 2015). A History of English Women's Cricket, 1880-1939 (PDF) (Thesis). p. 55-56. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  2. ^ "Gus arrives". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  3. ^ "ICC Board appoints Afghanistan Working Group". International Cricket Council. Retrieved 17 November 2021.
  4. ^ "ICC appoints Working Group to review status of Afghanistan cricket; women's First Class, List A classification to align with men's game". Women's CricZone. Retrieved 17 November 2021.
  5. ^ Buckley, George Bent (1935). Fresh Light on 18th Century Cricket: A Collection of 1000 Cricket Notices from 1697 to 1800 AD Arranged in Chronological Order. Birmingham: Cotterell.
  6. ^ "The History of the SA & Rhodesian Women's Cricket Association". St George's Park. Retrieved 2010-02-09.
  7. ^ "Wicket Maidens Cricket Club, Victoria BC". Archived from the original on 2012-07-27. Retrieved 2012-03-06.
  8. ^ "Full Scorecard of WI Women vs AUS Women 3rd ODI 2014-2016/17 - Score Report". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2021-04-07.
  9. ^ "Full Scorecard of AUS Women vs WI Women 2nd ODI 2014-2016/17 - Score Report". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2021-04-07.
  10. ^ "Full Scorecard of WI Women vs AUS Women 1st ODI 2014-2016/17 - Score Report". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2021-04-07.
  11. ^ "CPL to launch inaugural T10 tournament 'The 6ixty' in August". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2022-07-04.
  12. ^ Reuters. "Women's CPL to be hosted alongside men's tournament in 2022". Sportstar. Retrieved 2022-07-04.
  13. ^ The 6IXTY Launch Show, retrieved 2022-07-04
  14. ^ "CPL to host women's T10 matches in Trinidad". www.icc-cricket.com. Retrieved 2022-07-04.
  15. ^ "Commonwealth Games add women's cricket to schedule for 2022". theCricketer. Retrieved 13 August 2019.

External links[edit]