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Vishnu Sakharam Khandekar Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vishnu_Sakharam_Khandekar

Vishnu Sakharam Khandekar
V. S. Khandekar on 1998 Stamp of India
V. S. Khandekar on a 1998 Stamp of India
Born11 January 1898
Sangli, Bombay Presidency, British India
Died2 September 1976
(aged 78)
Miraj, Maharashtra, India
OccupationWriter
NationalityBritish Indian (1898 - 1947) Indian (1947 - 1976)
Notable worksYayati, Kraunchwadh, Ulka
Notable awardsJnanpith Award (For novel Yayati) Padma Bhushan

Vishnu Sakharam Khandekar (11 January 1898 – 2 September 1976) was a Marathi writer from Maharashtra, India. He was the first Marathi author to win the prestigious Jnanpith Award.[1][2][3]

Early life[edit]

Khandekar was born on 11 January 1898 in Sangli, Maharashtra. His father was a munsif (a subordinate official) in Sangli principality where he spent his childhood and completed his early education. In his early life, he was interested in acting in movies and staged various dramas during school days.[4][5]

After passing his matriculation exam in 1913, Khandekar joined Fergusson College, Pune. In 1920, he started working as a school teacher at a school in Shiroda[4][5]

Professional and literary life[edit]

Khandekar's writing career began in 1919 when Shrimat Kalipuranam, his first work, was published, and continued to 1974 when his novel Yayati was published.[5]

In 1920, Khandekar started working as a school teacher in a small town, Shiroda, in the present-day Sindhudurg district of the Konkan region in Maharashtra. He worked in that school until 1938. While working as a teacher, Khandekar produced in his spare time abundant Marathi literature in various forms. In his lifetime, he wrote sixteen novels, six plays, around 250 short stories, 50 allegorical stories, 100 essays, and over 200 critiques.[6] He worked and founded Khandekari alankar in Marathi grammar.[citation needed]

Honors and awards[edit]

In 1941, Khandekar was elected as the president of the annual Marathi Sahitya Sammelan (Marathi Literary Conference) in Solapur. In 1968, the Government of India honoured him with a Padma Bhushan award in recognition of his literary accomplishments.[7] Two years later, he was also honoured with the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship of the Indian Sahitya Akademi. in 1974, he was awarded Jnanpith Award, country's highest literary recognition, for his novel Yayati.[2][3] Shivaji University at Kolhapur, Maharashtra conferred on him an honorary degree of D.Litt. In 1998, the Government of India issued a commemorative postage stamp in his honour.

Major works[edit]

Khandekar's novel Yayāti (ययाति) received three prestigious awards: A Maharashtra State Award (1960), a Sahitya Akademi Award (1960), and a Jnanpith Award (1974).[2][6]

Khandekar's other novels are as follows:

  • Hrudayāchi Hāk (हृदयाची हाक) (1930)
  • Kānchan Mruga (कांचनमृग) (1931)
  • Ulkā (उल्का) (1934)
  • Don Mane (दोन मने) (1938)
  • Hirwā Chāphā (हिरवा चाफ़ा) (1938)
  • Don Dhruwa (दोन धृव) (1934)
  • Rikāmā Dewhārā (रिकामा देव्हारा) (1939)
  • Pahile Prem (पहिले प्रेम) (1940)
  • Kraunchawadh (क्रौंचवध) (1942)
  • Jalalelā Mohar (जळलेला मोहर) (1947)
  • Pāndhare Dhag (पांढरे ढग) (1949)
  • Amrutawel (अमृतवेल)
  • Sukhāchā Shodh (सुखाचा शोध)
  • Ashru (अश्रू))
  • Soneri Swapne Bhangaleli (सोनेरी स्वप्ने भंगलेली)
  • Yayati (ययाति)
  • Eka Panachi Kahani (एका पानाची कहाणी) (Autobiography)

Other works[edit]

The following is a partial list of Khandekar's other works:

  • अभिषेक(Abhishek)
  • अविनाश (Avinash)
  • गोकर्णीची फुले (Gokarnichi Fule)
  • ढगाआडचे चांदणे (Dhagaadache Chandne)
  • दवबिंदू (Davabindu)
  • नवी स्त्री (Navi Stree)
  • प्रसाद (Prasad)
  • मुखवटे (Mukhawate)
  • रानफुले (Ranfule)
  • विकसन (Vikasan)
  • क्षितिजस्पर्श (Kshitijsparsh)

Movies and television serials[edit]

Several movies and television serials have been made based on the works of Khandekar. The movies include:

  • Chhāyā...........[Marathi] (1936)
  • Jwālā..............[Marathi and Hindi] (1938)
  • Devatā............[Marathi] (1939)
  • Amrut..............[Marathi and Hindi] (1941)
  • Dharma Patni...[Telugu and Tamil] (1941)[1]
  • Pardeshi.........[Marathi]) (1953)

Khandekar wrote the dialogue and screenplay for the Marathi movie Lagna Pahāwe Karoon (1940).[8]

Other works[edit]

  • Khandekar, Vishnu Sakharam; A. K. Bhagwat; Acyuta Kesava Bhagavata (1977). Maharashtra, a Profile. V. S. Khandekar Amrit Mahotsava Satkar Samiti.

Bibliography[edit]

Works in translation[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b M. L. NARASIMHAM (4 September 2011). "DHARMAPATHNI (1941)". The Hindu. Retrieved 23 December 2013.
  2. ^ a b c "JNANPITH LAUREATES". Bharatiya Jannpith. Archived from the original on 14 July 2016. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 12. V.S. Khandekar (1974) Marathi
  3. ^ a b Jnanpith, Bhartiya (1994). The text and the context: an encounter with Jnanpith laureates. Bhartiya Jnanpith. p. 124. ISBN 9788170191827.
  4. ^ a b Hatkanagalekar, M. D. (1991). Vishnu Sakharam Khandekar (in Hindi). Translated by Sharma, Rameshchandra. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi. pp. 10–11. ISBN 81-7201-082-6.
  5. ^ a b c Hatkanagalekar, M. D. (1986). V. S. Khandekar. Makers of Indian Literature. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi. pp. 9–16. OCLC 17108305.
  6. ^ a b "V. S. Khandekar Memorial Museum: Tribute of Shivaji University to the Jnanpith Award winning Marathi novelist". Shivaji University, Kolhapur, Maharashtra. April 2010. Retrieved 23 December 2013.
  7. ^ "Padma Awards Directory (1954–2013)" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs. 1968: 12: Shri Vishnu Sakharam Khandekar
  8. ^ Vishnu Sakharam Khandekar at IMDb

External links[edit]