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A training management system (TMS), training management software, or training resource management system (TRMS) is a software application for the administration, documentation, tracking, and reporting of instructor-led-training programs. TMSs are focused on back-office processes and are considered a tool for corporate training administrators. As such, a training management system acts as a central enterprise resource planning (ERP) software specific to the training industry. They can be complemented by other learning technologies such as a learning management system, and are part of the educational technology ecosystem.
Training management process includes managing and maintaining training records of any organization. A TMS manages back-office processes for corporate instructor-led-training administration and typically handles session registration, course administration, tracking, effective monitoring and reporting. Some TMSs also manage financials aspects, including budget forecasting and cost-tracking.
Most TMSs are web-based. TMSs were originally designed to be locally hosted on-premise, where the organization purchases a license to a version of the software, and installs it on their own servers and network. Many TMSs are also offered as SaaS (software as a service), with hosting provided by the vendors.