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Teaching Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teaching

Schoolers gathered from the Nan Hua High School in Singapore.

Teaching is the practice implemented by a teacher aimed at transmitting skills (knowledge, know-how, and interpersonal skills) to a learner, a student, or any other audience in the context of an educational institution. Teaching is closely related to learning, the student's activity of appropriating this knowledge.[1] Teaching is part of the broader concept of education.[2][3]

Methods[edit]

A teaching method comprises the principles and methods used by teachers to enable student learning. These strategies are determined partly on subject matter to be taught and partly by the nature of the learner. For a particular teaching method to be appropriate and efficient it has take into account the learner, the nature of the subject matter, and the type of learning it is supposed to bring about.[4]

The approaches for teaching can be broadly classified into teacher-centered and student-centered. In a teacher-centered (authoritarian) approach to learning, teachers are the main authority figure in this model. Students are viewed as "empty vessels" whose primary role is to passively receive information (via lectures and direct instruction) with an end goal of testing and assessment. It is the primary role of teachers to pass knowledge and information onto their students. In this model, teaching and assessment are viewed as two separate entities. Student learning is measured through objectively scored tests and assessments.[5] In Student-Centered Approach to Learning, while teachers are the authority figure in this model, teachers and students play an equally active role in the learning process. This approach is also called authoritative.[6] The teacher's primary role is to coach and facilitate student learning and overall comprehension of material. Student learning is measured through both formal and informal forms of assessment, including group projects, student portfolios, and class participation. Teaching and assessments are connected; student learning is continuously measured during teacher instruction.[5]

Profession[edit]

A teacher of a Latin school and two students, 1487

A teacher, also called a schoolteacher or formally an educator, is a person who helps students to acquire knowledge, competence, or virtue, via the practice of teaching.

Informally the role of teacher may be taken on by anyone (e.g. when showing a colleague how to perform a specific task). In some countries, teaching young people of school age may be carried out in an informal setting, such as within the family (homeschooling), rather than in a formal setting such as a school or college. Some other professions may involve a significant amount of teaching (e.g. youth worker, pastor).

In most countries, formal teaching of students is usually carried out by paid professional teachers. This article focuses on those who are employed, as their main role, to teach others in a formal education context, such as at a school or other place of initial formal education or training.

Training[edit]

An astronaut in training for an extravehicular activity mission using an underwater simulation environment on Earth.
Training is teaching, or developing in oneself or others, any skills and knowledge or fitness that relate to specific useful competencies. Training has specific goals of improving one's capability, capacity, productivity and performance. It forms the core of apprenticeships and provides the backbone of content at institutes of technology (also known as technical colleges or polytechnics). In addition to the basic training required for a trade, occupation or profession, training may continue beyond initial competence to maintain, upgrade and update skills throughout working life. People within some professions and occupations may refer to this sort of training as professional development. Training also refers to the development of physical fitness related to a specific competence, such as sport, martial arts, military applications and some other occupations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Manuel Musial; Fabienne Pradere; André Tricot (2012). How to design a teaching course. Brussels: De Boeck. ISBN 978- 2-8041-6936-7.
  2. ^ Christiane Chessex-Viguet (2015). worldcat.org/oclc/922630409 Penser l'école. Paris: L'Harmattan. ISBN 978-2-343-06826-8. OCLC 922630409. {{cite book}}: Check |url= value (help)
  3. ^ Naïl Ver, Adeline Paul and Farid Malki, Professeur des écoles : droits, responsabilités, carrière, Retz Éditions, 2014, 223 p.
  4. ^ Westwood, P. (2008). What teachers need to know about Teaching methods. Camberwell, Vic, ACER Press
  5. ^ a b "Teaching Methods". Teach.com. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
  6. ^ Burger, C., Strohmeier, D., Spröber, N., Bauman, S., Rigby, K. (2015). "How teachers respond to school bullying: An examination of self-reported intervention strategy use, moderator effects, and concurrent use of multiple strategies". Teaching and teacher education. 51: 191–202. doi:10.1016/j.tate.2015.07.004. ISSN 0742-051X.