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Rhode Island Public Radio Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhode_Island_Public_Radio

The Public's Radio
Thepublicsradio-logo.jpg
Broadcast areaRhode Island, Massachusetts South Coast
FrequencyWNPN 89.3 FM Newport
WNPE 102.7 FM Narragansett Pier
W275DA 102.9 FM Providence
WPVD 1290 AM Providence
Programming
Language(s)English
FormatPublic radio
AffiliationsNPR
Public Radio International
American Public Media
Ownership
OwnerRhode Island Public Radio, Inc
History
First air date
May 1, 1998
Links
WebcastListen live
Websitethepublicsradio.org

Rhode Island Public Radio, doing business as The Public's Radio, is the NPR member radio network for the state of Rhode Island and southeastern Massachusetts. Its studios are in the historic Union Station in downtown Providence. The network airs a format of news and talk from NPR, APM, PRX and other sources, such as Morning Edition, On Point, KERA's Think and All Things Considered, as well as extensive local news coverage.

Local programming[edit]

In addition to NPR, APM and other public radio programming from national sources, RIPR has dedicated reporters covering specific beats, including Politics, Health Care, Education, the Environment, and Arts & Culture. RIPR also produces local segments including:

  • Political Roundtable with Ian Donnis & Maureen Moakley every Friday
  • This I Believe: New England with Frederic Reamer, a local take on the famous This I Believe series of essays
  • Made in Rhode Island, an ongoing occasional series looking at manufacturing in the state
  • One Square Mile, an annual special week-long series, taking an in-depth look at one city or town in Rhode Island. Previous OSM series include: Central Falls, Bristol, Woonsocket, West Warwick, Block Island, Narragansett Bay itself, and Newport
  • Policy & Pinot, an ongoing occasional series taped live at the Providence Athenaeum Library focusing on various topics

Broadcast stations[edit]

The network's primary signal, WNPN (89.3 FM) in Newport, broadcasts from the old WLNE-TV tower in Tiverton and covers most of Rhode Island and the Massachusetts South Coast. It is the tallest active FM broadcast transmitter in Rhode Island (measured in height above sea level). Only WLVO's auxiliary site on Peck Hill in Johnston, Rhode Island is taller. Smaller repeater signals provide additional coverage in Providence (W275DA, WPVD) and South County (WNPE). WNPK was purchased in November 2021 and an application filed to move/expand it; the CP is still pending and the station is not expected to return to the airwaves until summer 2022.

From October 2011 until September 2021, RIPR's content was simulcast on WELH (88.1 FM) in Providence.

Station Frequency City of license First air date ERP HAAT Facility ID Coordinates Call sign meaning Former call signs Owner
WNPN 89.3 MHz
FM & HD
Newport June 10, 2006[1] 7,000 watts
(directional)
254 m (833 ft) 163899 41°35′48.00″N 71°11′24.00″W / 41.5966667°N 71.1900000°W / 41.5966667; -71.1900000 (WNPN) "Newport, Providence, New Bedford" WUMD (2006–2017)
WXNI (2017–2018)
Rhode Island Public Radio
WNPE 102.7 MHz
FM & HD
Narragansett Pier July 15, 1989[2] 1,950 watts
(omni)
69 m (226 ft) 22874 41°25′27″N 71°28′38″W / 41.42417°N 71.47722°W / 41.42417; -71.47722 (WNPE) similar to WNPN WPJB (1989–1997)
WAKX (1997–2007)
WRNI-FM (2007-2018)
WRNI (2018)
Rhode Island Public Radio
WNPK 90.7 MHz
FM
Portsmouth 1972 5,000 watts
(directional)
113 m (371 ft) 53078 41°29′53.4″N 71°27′31.2″W / 41.498167°N 71.458667°W / 41.498167; -71.458667 (WNPK) similar to WNPN WJHD (1972–2021) Rhode Island Public Radio
W275DA 102.9 MHz
FM only
Providence September 22, 2021[3] 50 watts
(directional)
133 m (436 ft) 202495 41°48′17.0″N 71°28′22.0″W / 41.804722°N 71.472778°W / 41.804722; -71.472778 (W275DA) (none; rebroadcasts WPVD) (none) Rhode Island Public Radio
WPVD 1290 kHz
AM only
Providence May 1998 400w day
16w night
(omni)
n/a 48308 41°51′21.96″N 71°26′40.22″W / 41.8561000°N 71.4445056°W / 41.8561000; -71.4445056 (WPVD) ProViDence WNAF (1947–1949)
WDEM (1949–1952)
WICE (1952–1983)
WRCP (1983–1998)
WRNI (1998–2018)
WRPA (2018–2020)
WPPB (2020)
Rhode Island Public Radio

The network's programming is also available on Full Channel Digital Cable channel 799 in Bristol, Warren and Barrington.

Technology[edit]

WNPN transmits using a Nautel GV15 transmitter with 10,187 watts transmitter power output (TPO) to make 7,000 watts effective radiated power (ERP). A Shivley Labs 6016 four-panel antenna array is used; the antenna is fairly directional, with nulls to avoid prohibited interference to/from WQPH (89.3 FM) Shirley, Massachusetts, to the north-northwest, and to WPKT (89.1 FM) Norwich, Connecticut, to the west-southwest. An Omnia 9 FM/HD processor from The Telos Alliance is used to keep audio levels consistent. The station broadcasts in digital HD Radio, and the BBC World Service is transmitted on the HD2 of WNPN.[4] A 67 kHz subcarrier is transmitted for the Massachusetts Radio Reading Service Audible Local Ledger.

HD Radio[edit]

WNPN and WNPE broadcast in HD Radio, simulcasting the analog signal on the HD1 channel. WPVD and W275DA do not broadcast in HD Radio.

WNPN 89.3-HD2 has broadcast the BBC World Service since March 2020.[4]

From March 2013 until February 2018, MVYradio leased the HD2 multicast channel of WNPE to broadcast a modified content stream of WMVY (88.7 FM) on Martha's Vineyard, which could also be heard on W243AI (96.5 FM), a lower powered FM translator transmitting from the roof of Newport Hospital.[5] Afterwards, WNPE discontinued the HD2 broadcast, but continued HD Radio operations for its main HD1 channel.

History[edit]

In the 1990s, a group of Rhode Islanders formed the Foundation for Ocean State Public Radio in order to bring a local public radio station to the state. Clare Gregorian was described as the "driving force" behind the idea.[6] At the time, Rhode Island was the only state in New England (traditionally one of the bedrocks of support for NPR) and one of only two in the entire country (the other being Delaware) that did not have a full-service NPR station within its borders. Most of the state got at least a grade B signal from Boston's WGBH (with Providence itself receiving a city-grade signal) and WBUR. After a few years of looking, they found a partner in Boston University, owner of WBUR. BU agreed to buy WRCP (1290 AM), a 5,000-watt station that had been on the air since 1947, for $1.9 million; the foundation conducted a statewide drive to help raise the funds. For many years, 1290 AM had been known as WICE, but switched to Portuguese programming as WRCP in 1983.

On May 1, 1998, WRCP's calls officially changed to WRNI, and the license was officially transferred to the WRNI Foundation, a separate fundraising group set up by WBUR to handle local underwriting.

Even though BU doubled WRNI's transmission power to 10,000 watts, its signal was not strong enough to reach the southern and western portion of the state (though it provides a city-grade signal to Newport, southern Rhode Island's biggest city). Accordingly, in 1999, BU bought WERI (1230 AM) in Westerly, which had been on the air since 1949. BU changed WERI's calls to WXNI, and made it a full-time satellite of WRNI. The station brought a city-grade NPR signal to southern Rhode Island for the first time ever.

BU and WBUR had very big plans for WRNI at first. It moved WRNI from its longtime studio on Douglas Avenue to a state-of-the-art facility at Union Station. It also started a daily two-hour local news magazine, One Union Station. [7] It also had plans to set up a third station to fill the gaps in WXNI's 1,000-watt signal.[8] However, budget problems brought on by the September 11, 2001 attacks forced One Union Station's cancellation. It was replaced with a one-hour news magazine that was canceled in 2004. At that point, WRNI's local operations were significantly cut back, with most of the station's staff either laid off or transferred to Boston. As a result, WRNI's schedule became almost identical to that of WBUR.

Controversy over sale of 1290 AM[edit]

On September 17, 2004, with no advance warning, WBUR Group general manager Jane Christo announced that WRNI and WXNI were being put on the market. She wouldn't give any specifics, only saying that it was time for Rhode Islanders to buy the stations if they wanted to keep NPR programming in the state.[7] Indeed, WBUR claimed that it never intended to operate WRNI on a long-term basis, and had only intended to help develop it into a self-sustaining service.[8]

The reaction in Rhode Island was hostile. In an editorial, The Providence Journal said that WBUR had made numerous long-term commitments to WRNI. The Journal claimed that if the station's local backers had to buy WRNI, it would be tantamount to buying the station twice.[9]

The announcement led state attorney general Patrick Lynch to open an investigation into WBUR and WRNI.[10]

On September 27, BU interim president Aram Chobanian delayed the sale of WRNI and WXNI, citing concerns raised by both Lynch and Rhode Island Governor Don Carcieri. Memos obtained by The Boston Globe revealed that WBUR felt the Rhode Island stations were money bleeders, and had decided to either lease or sell the stations at the earliest opportunity.[11] The furor over the WRNI sale was one factor in Christo's resignation almost a month later.[12]

In June 2005, BU took WRNI and WXNI off the market. It promised to hire a full-time general manager based in Providence, and also stepped up local news coverage. As a result, Lynch closed his investigation in November 2006.[10]

Independence from Boston University[edit]

On March 21, 2007, WBUR announced that it was selling WRNI to Rhode Island Public Radio (formerly the Foundation for Ocean State Public Radio) for $2 million. Rhode Island Public Radio also announced it was buying WAKX (102.7 FM) in Narragansett Pier from Davidson Media Group to serve as a repeater for WRNI in southern Rhode Island.[13] WAKX, which signed on in 1989, had been a smooth jazz station (though its call letters referred to a former simulcast of WWKX, which lasted from 1997 to 2005). As part of the sale agreement, BU agreed to provide engineering and programming assistance to RIPR for five years.

RIPR officially took control of WAKX on May 17, 2007; changing the calls to WRNI-FM. The addition of WRNI-FM made WXNI redundant, and BU sold that station separately to Diponti Communications, which renamed it WBLQ. RIPR took control of WRNI on September 1, 2008.

RIPR registered the domain name ripr.org on February 13, 2007; the site was live as of June 2007.

Migration to FM[edit]

The Public's Radio Studio A, where local newscasts originate daily.

Recognizing the long-term challenges of AM broadcasting,[14] and the general expectation by public radio listeners that public radio stations transmit on the noncommercial end of the FM band (88.1-91.9 MHz), in 2011 WRNI began to expand into a statewide network of FM signals. Accordingly, it also began branding itself exclusively as "Rhode Island Public Radio."

First, in July 2011, RIPR entered an agreement with WCVY (91.5 FM), which is owned and operated by Coventry High School and covers the Kent County region. Previously, because WCVY did not broadcast 24/7, they had been forced, under FCC rule 73.561(b), to "share-time" 16 hours per day of the frequency with the now-defunct religious station WRJI. After WRJI lost its license, RIPR assisted WCVY in "reclaiming" the frequency for 24/7 operation. With the 2011 agreement, WCVY aired its own student-created programming on weekdays from 2-8 p.m. when school is in session, and The Public's Radio filled the remainder of the time to avoid another "share-time" challenge.[15] The lease agreement ended in April 2021 and WCVY left the network.[16]

Then, on October 8, 2011, RIPR signed a 10-year lease with The Wheeler School, a K-12 private day school and owner of WELH (88.1 FM).[17] RIPR's content would be heard 24/7 on 88.1 in Providence except for a student-produced sports talk program midnight-3 Saturday mornings. The remainder of Wheeler's student media was migrated to internet radio and, more recently, to internet video projects.

As part of this new lease, the previous lease tenants on 88.1, Brown Student Radio, and Latino Public Radio, each broadcasting a limited number of hours each day, were displaced:

  • BSR began an internet radio station "BSRlive" and, in January 2015, was granted an FCC license for an LPFM station, WBRU-LP, on 101.1 FM in Providence, in conjunction with Providence Community Radio and AS220.[18][19]
  • Latino Public Radio signed a lease with RIPR to broadcast on RIPR's 1290 AM signal, WRNI,[20][21] and moved to 1290 AM the same day RIPR moved to 88.1 FM. In addition to allowing LPR to broadcast 24/7, it also gave them a larger signal.[22]

RIPR elected not to renew the 10-year lease of WELH upon its expiration. On September 30, 2021, WELH reverted to Wheeler School-created programming.

In January 2017, RIPR announced a deal with the University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth to purchase WUMD (89.3 FM).[23][24][25][26] The deal included a move and expansion of the existing signal from the UMass Dartmouth campus to a taller tower in Tiverton. The station's FCC city of license was changed from North Dartmouth, Massachusetts, to Newport, Rhode Island. While not quite a "statewide" signal, the new 89.3 will provide one, single frequency that all the Narragansett Bay and South Coast communities can tune to hear the network. On June 26, 2017, "WUMD" ended at noon and transitioned to an online-only station; the 89.3 signal went dark for two weeks to add new studio/transmitter link equipment. 89.3 returned to the airwaves with RIPR programming at 10 p.m. on July 11, 2017.

Construction began on refurbishing the old WLNE tower,[27] and a "license to cover" was applied for with the FCC on August 2, 2018[28] indicating imminent operation from the new facility. On September 1, 2018, WNPN began transmitting full-time from the Tiverton facility. The move roughly doubles the coverage of the original facility, adding 700,000 new listeners in Rhode Island and the South Coast.

In October 2018, to reflect its expanded audience, the network rebranded as The Public's Radio. According to CEO Torey Malatia, branding as merely a Rhode Island service was no longer accurate since it now served Massachusetts as well. After seriously considering changing a name change to "Southern New England Public Radio," network officials decided it was best to choose an identity "based on what we do as opposed to our zip code."[29] However, the corporate name remains Rhode Island Public Radio.

On September 22, 2021, W275DA (102.9 FM), a FM translator station for WPVD, began broadcasting. The addition of 102.9 FM was a factor in the network electing to end its lease of WELH.

On November 26, 2021, Rhode Island Public Radio purchased WJHD 90.7FM from the Portsmouth Abbey School, who had earlier decided to "hand in" (delete) the license to the FCC. The call letters were changed to WNPK and an application filed[30] to move 90.7 off-campus to a tower near the University of Rhode Island, greatly expanding the signal. It is anticipated to resume broadcasting in summer/fall 2022.

Awards[edit]

RIPR has won over 30 Associated Press Awards for news coverage, seven Public Radio News Directors Inc Awards, and seven RTDNA Edward R. Murrow Awards.[31]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Broadcasting & Cable Yearbook 2009 (PDF). 2009. p. D-273. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  2. ^ 1996 Providence Journal Almanac
  3. ^ "License to Cover for FM Translator Application". FCC.gov. Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  4. ^ a b "BBC World Service on 89.3HD2". The Engineer's Corner from The Public's Radio. 23 March 2020.
  5. ^ RIPR & MVYradio Leverage HD Radio for FM Translators
  6. ^ "Clare Gregorian, driving force behind RIPR, dies at 80".
  7. ^ a b NorthEast Radio Watch by Scott Fybush
  8. ^ a b Current.org | Struggle over WBUR's Rhode Island stations, 2004
  9. ^ "Editorial: Broadcast betrayal". Providence Journal. September 19, 2004. Archived from the original on March 1, 2008.
  10. ^ a b Peoples, Steve (November 20, 2006). "Attorney general closes WBUR investigation". Providence Journal. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
  11. ^ Jurkowitz, Mark (September 28, 2004). "BU delays sale of R.I. radio stations". The Boston Globe.
  12. ^ Current.org | Christo resigns at WBUR, 2004
  13. ^ Smith, Andy (March 23, 2007). "R.I. group to buy WRNI". Providence Journal.
  14. ^ "Is AM Radio Still Relevant?" Radio World, August 30, 2009
  15. ^ Fybush, Scott (July 11, 2011). "Merlin Drops 101.9 Clues". NorthEast Radio Watch. Retrieved October 10, 2011.
  16. ^ "TheEC: End of an Era on WCVY". The Engineer's Corner from The Public's Radio. 8 April 2021.
  17. ^ "The Wheeler School to Lease FM Airwaves to Rhode Island Public Radio" Jennifer Waits, Radio Survivor, August 22, 2011
  18. ^ Ahlquist, Steve (November 13, 2015). "New low-power FM community radio station coming to Providence". RIfuture.org. Retrieved November 13, 2015.
  19. ^ "AS220: 101.1 FM Community Radio!" November 9, 2015
  20. ^ Ziner, Karen Lee (October 7, 2011). "R.I. Latino radio station going 24/7 in new place". The Providence Journal. Archived from the original on October 7, 2011. Retrieved October 10, 2011.
  21. ^ Harrison, Elisabeth (October 10, 2011). "Changes ahead for radio in Rhode Island". WRNI.org. Retrieved October 10, 2011.
  22. ^ Until late 2010, WELH was only a 150-watt signal, much smaller than the 4,000-watt signal it is today. See "FCCdata.org file on WELH" and "FCCdata.org file on WRNI-AM" for comparison.
  23. ^ "RI Public Radio Acquiring UMass-Dartmouth Radio Station" Ian Donnis, RIPR.org, January 4, 2017
  24. ^ "UMass Dartmouth and Rhode Island Public Radio create new collaboration" UMass Dartmouth Office of Public Affairs, January 4, 2017
  25. ^ "UMass Dartmouth Plans to Sell License for College Radio Station WUMD to Rhode Island Public Radio" Jennifer Waits, RadioSurvivor, January 4, 2017
  26. ^ "R.I. Public Radio in deal to get UMass Dartmouth broadcast license" Aimee Chisvaroll, The Standard-Times, January 4, 2017
  27. ^ "Tweets showing construction for WXNI/WNPN"
  28. ^ "FCC CDBS application BLED-20180801AAS"
  29. ^ "Rhode Island Public Radio Rebrands As The Public's Radio". RadioInsight. 2018-10-12. Retrieved 2018-10-13.
  30. ^ "FCC LMS application file 0000161410"
  31. ^ RIPR Awards page. Page retrieved December 11, 2013.

External links[edit]