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Punti Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Punti

Punti
Punti Residence (5344810681).jpg
"Punti Residence" exhibit at the Hong Kong Museum of History
Chinese本地
Literal meaninglocal(s)

Punti (Chinese: 本地; Jyutping: bun2 dei6; lit. 'locals') is a Cantonese endonym referring to the native Cantonese people of Guangdong and Guangxi. Punti designates Weitou dialect-speaking locals in contrast to other Yue Chinese speakers and others such as Taishanese people, Hoklo people, Hakka people, and ethnic minorities such as the Zhuang people of Guangxi and the boat-dwelling Tanka people, who are both descendants of the Baiyue – although the Tanka have largely assimilated into Han Chinese culture.[1]

In Hong Kong, Punti as a group refers in a strict sense to the Cantonese-speaking indigenous inhabitants of Hong Kong who settled in Hong Kong before the New Territories of Hong Kong were leased to the British Empire in 1898. Prominently represented by the "Weitou people" (圍頭人) – the Hau (), Tang (), Pang (), Liu (), and Man () – these indigenous Punti inhabitants were afforded additional privileges in land ownership enshrined in the Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory and the Basic Law of Hong Kong.

When used to designate a language, "Punti" is equivalent to the Standard Cantonese mainly used in Guangzhou (formerly Canton), Hong Kong and Macau. "Punti" became a word often used in the legal system of Hong Kong and other official settings; when a defendant chooses to use Punti in court, he/she elects to use Cantonese as the language of the proceedings instead of English. Despite the reference to Punti, in this context the word means nothing more than "Cantonese Chinese" as a spoken language, particularly Hong Kong dialect; there are political and practical reasons for not using the term "Cantonese Chinese".[2]

Modern use of the demonym Punti is promoted by the Hong Kong Museum of History, which maintains an extensive collection of Punti artefacts.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ "香港歷史博物館- Hong Kong Museum of History – Global Field Trip". Global Field Trip. 5 May 2015. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  2. ^ Constable 2005, p. 10.
  3. ^ "Hong Kong Museum of History". Hong Kong Traveller. Retrieved 17 August 2017.

Sources[edit]

  • Constable, Nicole (February 2005). Guest People: Hakka Identity in China and Abroad. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press. ISBN 978-0-295-98487-2.
  • 英華行篋便覽: Being an English-Chinese Vocabulary of Articles of Commerce and of Domestic Use; Also, All the Known Names Connected with the Sciences of Natural History, Chemistry, Pharmacy, &c. in the Court and Punti Dialects. Hong Kong: Office of the "Daily Press". 1864.