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Portal:Central African Republic Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Central_African_Republic

The Central African Republic Portal

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Coat of arms of the Central African Republic
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The Central African Republic (CAR; Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka; French: République centrafricaine, RCA; French: [ʁepyblik sɑ̃tʁafʁikɛn], or Centrafrique, [sɑ̃tʁafʁik]) is a landlocked country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan to the northeast, South Sudan to the southeast, the DR Congo to the south, the Republic of the Congo to the southwest, and Cameroon to the west.

The Central African Republic covers a land area of about 620,000 square kilometres (240,000 sq mi). , it had an estimated population of around 5.5 million. , the Central African Republic is the scene of a civil war, ongoing since 2012. Most of the Central African Republic consists of Sudano-Guinean savannas, but the country also includes a Sahelo-Sudanian zone in the north and an equatorial forest zone in the south. Two-thirds of the country is within the Ubangi River basin (which flows into the Congo), while the remaining third lies in the basin of the Chari, which flows into Lake Chad.

What is today the Central African Republic has been inhabited for millennia; however, the country's current borders were established by France, which ruled the country as a colony starting in the late 19th century. After gaining independence from France in 1960, the Central African Republic was ruled by a series of autocratic leaders, including an abortive attempt at a monarchy.

By the 1990s, calls for democracy led to the first multi-party democratic elections in 1993. Ange-Félix Patassé became president, but was later removed by General François Bozizé in the 2003 coup. The Central African Republic Bush War began in 2004 and, despite a peace treaty in 2007 and another in 2011, civil war resumed in 2012. The civil war perpetuated the country's poor human rights record: it was characterized by widespread and increasing abuses by various participating armed groups, such as arbitrary imprisonment, torture, and restrictions on freedom of the press and freedom of movement. (Full article...)

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Maman de Berberati.jpg
Berbérati is the second-largest city in the Central African Republic, with a population of 105,155(2013 census). Located in the south-west of the country near the border with Cameroon, it serves as capital of the Mambéré-Kadéï Prefecture and gives its name (as capital) to the main Sub-prefecture. (Full article...)
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Oubangui Hotel, The shores of Bangui, Bangui Shopping District, Pedestrian crossing, view of street

Bangui (French pronunciation: ​[bɑ̃ɡi]) (or Bangî in Sango, formerly written Bangi in English) is the capital and largest city of the Central African Republic. It was established as a French outpost in 1889 and named after its location on the northern bank of the Ubangi River (French: Oubangui); the Ubangi itself was named from the Bobangi word for the "rapids" located beside the settlement, which marked the end of navigable water north from Brazzaville. The majority of the population of the Central African Republic lives in the western parts of the country, in Bangui and the surrounding area.

The city forms an autonomous commune (commune autonome) of the Central African Republic which is surrounded by the Ombella-M'Poko prefecture. With an area of 67 square kilometres (26 sq mi), the commune is the smallest high-level administrative division in the country, but the highest in terms of population. it had an estimated population of 889,231. (Full article...)

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Largest Central African Republic cities
Rank City / town Préfecture Population
(2003 census)
1 Bangui 622,771
2 Bimbo Ombella-M'Poko 124,176
3 Berbérati Mambéré-Kadéï 76,918
4 Carnot * Mambéré-Kadéï 45,421
5 Bambari Ouaka 41,356
6 Bouar Nana-Mambéré 40,353
7 Bossangoa Ouham 36,478
8 Bria Haute-Kotto 35,204
9 Bangassou Mbomou 31,553
10 Nola Sangha-Mbaéré 29,181
11 Kaga-Bandoro Nana-Grébizi 24,661
12 Sibut Kémo 22,419
13 Mbaïki Lobaye 22,166
14 Bozoum Ouham-Pendé 20,655
* not the capital of the prefecture

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