mic_none

Portal:Anarchism Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Anarchism


THE Anarchic a-white.svgNARCHISM PORTAL

Selected Anarchism-related content

Anarchy-symbol.svg

Anarchism is a political philosophy and movement that is skeptical of all justifications for authority and seeks to abolish the institutions they claim maintain unnecessary coercion and hierarchy, typically including, though not necessarily limited to, the state and capitalism. Anarchism advocates for the replacement of the state with stateless societies or other forms of free associations. As a historically left-wing movement, usually placed on the farthest left of the political spectrum, it is usually described alongside communalism and libertarian Marxism as the libertarian wing (libertarian socialism) of the socialist movement.

Humans lived in societies without formal hierarchies long before the establishment of formal states, realms, or empires. With the rise of organised hierarchical bodies, scepticism toward authority also rose. Although traces of anarchist thought are found throughout history, modern anarchism emerged from the Enlightenment. During the latter half of the 19th and the first decades of the 20th century, the anarchist movement flourished in most parts of the world and had a significant role in workers' struggles for emancipation. Various anarchist schools of thought formed during this period. Anarchists have taken part in several revolutions, most notably in the Paris Commune, the Russian Civil War and the Spanish Civil War, whose end marked the end of the classical era of anarchism. In the last decades of the 20th and into the 21st century, the anarchist movement has been resurgent once more. (Full article...)


Selected article

As man seeks justice in equality, so society seeks order in anarchy.

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, What Is Property? Ch. V, Part 2

Anarchism is a political philosophy encompassing theories and attitudes which consider the state to be unnecessary, harmful, or otherwise undesirable, and favour instead a stateless society or anarchy.<Individual anarchists may have additional criteria for what they conceive to be anarchism, and there is often broad disagreement concerning these broader conceptions. According to The Oxford Companion to Philosophy, "there is no single defining position that all anarchists hold, and those considered anarchists at best share a certain family resemblance."

There are many types and traditions of anarchism, not all of which are mutually exclusive. Strains of anarchism have been divided into the categories of socialist and individualist anarchism or similar dual classifications. Anarchism is often considered to be a radical left-wing ideology, and much of anarchist economics and anarchist legal philosophy reflect anti-statist interpretations of communism, collectivism, syndicalism or participatory economics; however, anarchism has always included an individualist strain, with that strain supporting a market economy and private property, or egoism.

Others, such as panarchists and anarchists without adjectives, neither advocate nor object to any particular form of organization as long as it is not compulsory. Some anarchist schools of thought differ fundamentally, supporting anything from extreme individualism to complete collectivism. The central tendency of anarchism as a social movement have been represented by communist anarchism, with individualist anarchism being primarily a philosophical or literary phenomenon. Some anarchists fundamentally oppose all forms of aggression, supporting self-defense or non-violence, while others have supported the use of some coercive measures, including violent revolution and terrorism, on the path to an anarchist society. (read more...)

Selected image

Protest outside a Mercadona store in Barcelona, Spain
Credit: Scott Ehardt, June 13, 2006

Members of the Spanish anarcho-syndicalist union the Confederación Nacional del Trabajo (National Confederation of Labour) taking part in strike action at Spanish supermarket chain Mercadona on 13 June 2006. July of 2006 marked the 70th anniversary of the Spanish Revolution, and in commemoration the CNT and FAI organized commemorative celebrations.

Did you know?

Older Nechayev.jpg

Selected quote

John Zerzan
John Zerzan, Running on Emptiness, 2008

Anniversaries for September 24

the Black Army

Relevant lists

Categories

Related portals

Parent portals


Socio-political portals

Related WikiProjects

Topics

Things you can do

Thank you for your interest in improving the coverage of anarchism on Wikipedia!

  • If you would like to help maintain the anarchism portal, a list of tasks needing attention is maintained on its talk page.
  • You are also invited to visit the Anarchism Task Force, a work group organizing the collective effort to improve anarchism's coverage on Wikipedia! If you are interested in joining it, please add your details to the list of participants.

Related Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

Discover Wikipedia using portals