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New Communist Party of the Netherlands Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Communist_Party_of_the_Netherlands

New Communist Party of the Netherlands
Nieuwe Communistische Partij Nederland
Founded1992 (1992)
Merger ofEx-CPN members
VCN
HeadquartersHaarlemmerweg 177, Amsterdam
NewspaperManifest
Youth wingCommunist Youth Movement
IdeologyCommunism
Marxism–Leninism
Political positionFar-left
International affiliationIMCWP
ICS (Until 2014)
ColoursRed
Fryske Marren Municipal Council
1 / 31
Website
ncpn.nl

The New Communist Party of the Netherlands (Dutch: Nieuwe Communistische Partij Nederland, NCPN) is a communist party in the Netherlands. The NCPN was founded in 1992 by the former members of the Communist Party of the Netherlands to oppose CPN's merger into the left-wing GroenLinks. These members have been known as "the Horizontals". Through the Stichting HOC (Foundation HOC), the NCPN releases the monthly newspaper Manifest.

The NCPN supports the socialist government of Cuba, the Bolivarian Revolution in Venezuela, and the presidency of Evo Morales in Bolivia. The party opposed the 2003 invasion of Iraq and is against neoliberalism.

In 2003, the Communist Youth Movement (CJB) was founded as the NCPN's political youth organization.

NCPN at a demonstration, 1 May 2014 in Amsterdam.

History[edit]

In 1982 a group of members of the Communist Party of the Netherlands founded the newspaper Manifest, out of discontent with the CPN leadership. In 1984 this group founded the League of Communists in the Netherlands (VCN). The CPN dissolved in 1992 in order to make place for a new political party, GreenLeft, an alliance in which the CPN had participated since the 1980s. Subsequently, the VCN, together with many former members of the CPN, founded the NCPN.

In 1999 the local branch of the NCPN in the municipality of Scheemda split from the party and continued as the United Communist Party (VCP), which has since won city council seats in Oldambt and Pekela.

Elections[edit]

The NCPN has participated in elections to the Tweede Kamer, Provinciale Staten and gemeenteraden, but never in elections to the European Parliament. In the period between 1994 and 2002 the NCPN was part of the governing majority coalition in the municipality of Reiderland.

Tweede Kamer
Year Lijsttrekker Votes % Seats
1994 Rinze Visser 11,630 0.13% 0
1998 Engel Modderman 5,620 0.07% 0
2003 Alejandro de Mello 4,860 0.05% 0
Provinciale Staten
Province 1995 1999 2003 2007
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Groningen 2,955 1.3% 0 3,246 1.4% 0 2,057 0.8% 0 1,230 0.5% 0
Friesland 1,293 0.5% 0 820 0.3% 0
Overijssel 530 0.1% 0 835 0.2% 0
North Holland 2,397 0.3% 0 1,302 0.2% 0
Gemeenteraadsverkiezingen
Municipality 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018 2022
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Amersfoort 679 1.4% 0 242 0.4% 0 137 0.2% 0
Amsterdam 3,017 1.0% 0 968 0.4% 0 819 0.3% 0 511 0.2% 0
Bergen op Zoom[1] 501 1.9% 0
Breda 183 0.3% 0
Enschede 589 0.9% 0 316 0.5% 0 482 0.9% 0 291 0.5% 0 282 0.5% 0
Groningen 501 0.6% 0 866 1.0% 0 539 0.6% 0
Heiloo 143 1.2% 0 534 4.6% 0 1,025 9.2% 1[2] 811 7.4% 1 1,164 10.4% 2[3] 882 7.4% 1[4]
Hoorn 417 1.5% 0 210 0.9% 0
Lemsterland 900 14.8% 2 738 12.7% 2 907 15.1% 2 1,038 16.3% 3 947 15.8% 2 Municipality merged to become De Fryske Marren
De Fryske Marren Municipality did not exist 1,174 5.7% 1 1,462 6.3% 2 1,168 4.9% 1
Middelburg 135 0.8% 0
Opsterland 311 2.1% 0
Reiderland 2,052 50.2% 7 1,303 35.7% 5 1,150 34.1% 5 621 18.3% 2 Municipalities merged to become Oldambt
Scheemda 695 8.9% 1 1,002 12.9% 2 110 1.5% 0
Winschoten 390 4.0% 0
Oldambt 310 2.3% 0
The Hague 203 0.1% 0
Total 8,554 10 5,995 9 4,868 7 3,229 5 2,678 3 2,338 3 2,344 3 1,168 1

International activity[edit]

The NCPN has participated in the annual International Communist Seminar and the annual International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties. The NCPN also often cooperates with the Workers' Party of Belgium, the German Communist Party and the Communist Party of Luxembourg in the Four-Countries Conference.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ NCPN and the CJB competed under banner of 'de Vonk' (the Spark)
  2. ^ The NCPN was rewarded two seats, but only had one candidate on the list
  3. ^ One seat was lost when one council member switched to Heiloo2000
  4. ^ Council member Willem Gomes died on 12 september 2018; his successor joined Gemeentebelangen Heiloo
  5. ^ "NCPN demonstreert in binnenstad Groningen" [NCPN demonstrates in Groningen city center]. RTVNoord.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 25 February 2015.

External links[edit]