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Nadia district Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nadia_district

Nadia
Chandroday mandir uc side view.jpg
Three Obelisks of Mirmadan, Nabe Singh Hajari and Bahadur Khan near Plassey.jpg
Silhouette at Jalangi.jpg
Main temple spire of Somaj Bari, Nabadwip 2.jpg
Mayapur Ferry ghat at Mayapur, Nadia 04.jpg
Clockwise from top-left: Mayapur ISKCON temple, Memorial to the Bengali commanders at Palashi, Jalangi river near Palashipara, Ferry Ghat at Mayapur, Somaj Bari Temple in Nabadwip
Nadia district
Location in West Bengal
Country India
State West Bengal
Division Presidency
HeadquartersKrishnanagar
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesKrishnanagar, Ranaghat Some of area covered with Bangaon, North part is in Murshidabad Lok Shaba.
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesKarimpur, Tehatta, Palashipara, Kaliganj, Nakashipara, Chapra, Krishnanagar Uttar, Nabadwip, Krishnanagar Dakshin, Santipur, Ranaghat Uttar Paschim, Krishnaganj, Ranaghat Uttar Purba, Ranaghat Dakshin, Chakdaha, Kalyani, Haringhata
Area
 • Total3,927 km2 (1,516 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total5,167,601
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
 • Urban
979,519
Demographics
 • Literacy75.58 per cent[1]
 • Sex ratio947
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH 12 State Highway 11
Websitenadia.gov.in

Nadia (pronounced [nɔd̪iːaː]) is a district in the state of West Bengal, India. It borders Bangladesh to the east, North 24 Parganas and Hooghly districts to the south, Purba Bardhaman to the west, and Murshidabad to the north.

Nadia district is highly influential in the cultural history of Bengal. The standard version of Bengali, developed in the 19th century, is based off the dialect spoken around Nadia. Known as the "Oxford of Bengal", Nabadwip made many contributions to Indian philosophy, such as the Navya-Nyaya system of logic and is the birthplace of the Vaishnava saint Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.[2][3] The district is still largely agricultural.[3]

Etymology[edit]

"Nadia" is a shortened form of Nabadwip, the name for a historic city in the district. Nabadwip, literally "new island", was formerly an island created by alluvial deposits of the Ganga.

Geography[edit]

Nadia district is located in southern West Bengal, in the west-central Bengal region. The district is largely alluvial plain, formed by the constant shifting of the various rivers of the Ganges Delta. To the west of the district is the Bhagirathi (or Hooghly) river, which was once the main distributary of the Ganga towards the Bay of Bengal, and is still considered to be the continuation of the Ganga for Hindus. As the main flow of the Ganga flowed east into the Padma, the Bhagirathi largely dried up. Most of the rivers now flowing through Nadia now have little water in them. Nearly all the district has been converted into farmland.

Rivers[edit]

Nadia district is home to many rivers. The Padma, now the main distributary of the Ganga, touches the district on its northeastern end.

The Jalangi, which flows from Murshidabad district, forms much of the northwestern border of the district with Murshidabad, before flowing south into Nadia district. Around Krishnanagar, it turns west and flows into the Bhagirathi near Nabadwip.

The Mathabhanga originates in the far northeast of the district and forms part of the border with Bangladesh. It then flows into Bangladesh until again forming part of the border enters the district again at Gede. At Maijdia, it splits into the Churni and Ichamati. The Churni flows southwest and merges with the Bhagirathi near Ranaghat. The Ichamati flows into Bangladesh near Mubarakpur and reenters India near Duttaphulia. It then flows south into North 24 Parganas district.

History[edit]

Nabadwip, an ancient town within Nadia district, is often referred to as the “Oxford of Bengal".[2] Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was born in Nabadwip.[3] One of the Indian schools of logic (Tarka sastra) called Navya Nyaya system was developed in Nabadwip, which produced great logicians in the 15th century. Nabadwip was an important seat of political power and the capital of Bengal under Ballal Sen and later Lakshman Sen, kings of the Sena Empire, who ruled from 1159 to 1206.[3] In 1202, Nabadwip was captured by Bakhtiyar Khilji. This victory paved the way for Muslim rule in Bengal.[4] The British defeated Siraj ud-Daulah, Nawab of Bengal, at Palashi in this district. The 1859 revolt against European Indigo planters started from the village of Chaugacha in Krishnanagar, Nadia.[5] Nadia is thought to have had trade relations with Tibet, Nepal and Bhutan.[6]

Pre-independence Nadia had five subdivisions: Krishnagar sadar, Ranaghat, Kushtia, Meherpur and Chuadanga. Due to some cartographic error in 1947, large part of Nadia except Nabadwip initially were included into East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). Due to protests rectification was made and on the night of August 17, 1947, Ranaghat, Krishnanagar, Shikarpur in Karimpur and Plassey were placed in India. Since then some parts of this district have been celebrating Independence day on August 17 and August 18.[7][8][9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901771,672—    
1911774,459+0.04%
1921710,455−0.86%
1931720,944+0.15%
1941839,308+1.53%
19511,142,686+3.13%
19611,711,830+4.12%
19712,223,911+2.65%
19812,964,253+2.92%
19913,852,097+2.65%
20014,604,827+1.80%
20115,167,600+1.16%
source:[10]

According to the 2011 census Nadia district has a population of 5,167,600,[11] roughly equal to the US state of Colorado.[12] This gives it a ranking of 18th in India (out of a total of 640).[11] The district has a population density of 1,316 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,410/sq mi) .[11] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 12.24%.[11] Nadia has a sex ratio of 947 females for every 1000 males,[11] and a literacy rate of 75.58%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 29.93% and 2.72% of the population respectively.[11] Bengali is the predominant language, spoken by 98.02% of the population.[13]

Religion in Nadia district (2011)[14]
Hinduism
72.15%
Islam
26.76%
Christianity
0.65%
Other or not stated
0.44%

As per the 2011 Census, Hinduism is the majority religion of the district, followed by 72.15% of the population. It is followed by Islam (26.76%) and Christianity (0.65%).[11]

Governance[edit]

District Administration[edit]

The District of Nadia has its headquarter at Krishnanagar town. The British district of Nadia was formed in 1787. The present district of Nadia after partition was formed by Notification No.545-GA dated 23 February 1948. The District Administration is headed by the District Magistrate & District Collector, Nadia.

Administrative subdivisions[edit]

The district comprises four subdivisions: Krishnanagar Sadar, Kalyani, Ranaghat and Tehatta.[15] Krishnanagar is the district headquarters. There are 19 police stations, 2 women's and 1 cyber crime police stations, 17 community development blocks, 11 municipalities, 187 gram panchayats (3114 sets) and 2639 villages in this district.[15][16]

Other than municipality area, each subdivision contains community development blocks which in turn are divided into rural areas and census towns. In total there are 26 urban units: 9 municipalities and 15 census towns and two notified areas.[17] Ranaghat, Aistala, Satigachha, Nasra and Cooper's Camp together forms Ranaghat urban agglomeration. Nabadwip, Char Maijdia and Char Brahmanagar forms Nabadwip UA. Chakdaha, Gopalpur and Parbbatipur forms Chakdaha UA. Krishnanagar and Badkulla together forms Krishnanagar UA. Birnagar, Phulia and Taherpur together forms Birnagar UA.

CD blocks and other localities in Nadia district
Krishnanagar Sadar Kalyani Ranaghat Tehatta
Kaliganj Chakdaha Hanskhali Karimpur I
Nakashipara Kalyani Santipur Karimpur II
Chapra Haringhata Ranaghat I Tehatta I
Krishnanagar I Chakdaha (M) Ranaghat II Tehatta II
Krishnanagar II Kalyani (M) Shantipur (M)
Nabadwip Gayespur (M) Ranaghat (M)
Krishnaganj Haringhata (M) Birnagar (M)
Krishnangar (M) Taherpur (NA)
Nabadwip (M) Cooper's Camp (NA)

Assembly constituencies[edit]

The district is divided into 17 assembly constituencies.[18]

S No. Constituency Name Lok Sabha Constituency Reservation MLA Party
77 Karimpur Murshidabad Bimalendu Sinha Roy All India Trinamool Congress
78 Tehatta Krishnanagar Tapas Kumar Saha All India Trinamool Congress
79 Palashipara Manik Bhattacharya All India Trinamool Congress
80 Kaliganj Nasiruddin Ahamed All India Trinamool Congress
81 Nakshipara Kallol Khan All India Trinamool Congress
82 Chapra Rukbanur Rahman All India Trinamool Congress
83 Krishnanagar Uttar Mukul Roy Bharatiya Janata Party
84 Nabadwip Pundarikakshya Saha All India Trinamool Congress
85 Krishnanagar Dakshin Ranaghat (SC) Ujjal Biswas All India Trinamool Congress
86 Santipur Braja Kishore Goswami All India Trinamool Congress
87 Ranaghat Uttar Paschim Parthasarathi Chatterjee Bharatiya Janata Party
88 Krishnaganj SC Ashis Kumar Biswas Bharatiya Janata Party
89 Ranaghat Uttar Purba SC Ashim Biswas Bharatiya Janata Party
90 Ranaghat Dakshin SC Mukut Mani Adhikari Bharatiya Janata Party
91 Chakdaha Bankim Chandra Ghosh Bharatiya Janata Party
92 Kalyani Bangaon (SC) SC Ambika Roy Bharatiya Janata Party
93 Haringhata SC Asim Kumar Sarkar Bharatiya Janata Party

Flora and fauna[edit]

In 1980, Nadia district became home to the Bethuadahari Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 0.7 km2 (0.3 sq mi).[19]

Education[edit]

University[edit]

College[edit]

Private College[edit]

Transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District-specific Literates and Literacy Rates, 2001". Registrar General, India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 10 October 2010.
  2. ^ a b Cotton, H.E.A., Calcutta Old and New, 1909/1980, p1, General Printers and Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
  3. ^ a b c d "Tourism-Details". nadia.nic.in. Retrieved 1 July 2022.
  4. ^ Tourist Department Archived 9 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Bhattacharya, Subhas (July 1977). "The Indigo Revolt of Bengal". Social Scientist. 5 (60): 17. JSTOR 3516809.
  6. ^ "Rich in History and Tradition Kushtia Previous Name Nadia". 13 February 2018. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  7. ^ "District-level map of Bengal indicating the Radcliffe line and the expected border according to majority religious demographics".
  8. ^ "Nadia keeps a date with history | Kolkata News - Times of India". The Times of India. TNN. 19 August 2011. Retrieved 21 February 2022.
  9. ^ "In West Bengal, some villages celebrate Independence Day after August 15; here's why". The Indian Express. 16 August 2019. Retrieved 21 February 2022.
  10. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  11. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  12. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Colorado 5,029,196
  13. ^ "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: West Bengal". Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  14. ^ "C-1 Population By Religious Community". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India.
  15. ^ a b "Directory of District, Sub division, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal, March 2008". West Bengal. National Informatics Centre, India. 19 March 2008. Archived from the original on 25 February 2009. Retrieved 30 November 2008.
  16. ^ "District Profile". Official website of the Nadia district. Archived from the original on 17 January 2009. Retrieved 30 November 2008.
  17. ^ "Population, Decadal Growth Rate, Density and General Sex Ratio by Residence and Sex, West Bengal/ District/ Sub District, 1991 and 2001". West Bengal. Directorate of census operations. Retrieved 12 November 2008.
  18. ^ "Delimitation Commission Order No. 18" (PDF). Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 August 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2009.
  19. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: West Bengal". Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
  20. ^ Eastern Railway time table.
  21. ^ "Mountain man".

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 23°24′N 88°30′E / 23.4°N 88.5°E / 23.4; 88.5