Mitra (surname) Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitra_(surname)

Mitra is an Indian family name and surname found mostly amongst Bengali Hindus. This surname also has prevalence in Iran and is a popular Persian last name found in America.[1] The surname may have been derived either from the word mitra meaning friend or ally[2] or from the name of an important Indo-Iranian deity in the Vedas and in ancient Iran.[3]

Mitras belong to Kayastha caste in Bengal. Bengali Kayasthas evolved as a caste from a category of officials or scribes, between the 5th/6th century CE and 11th/12th century CE, its component elements being putative Kshatriyas and mostly Brahmins.[4] Mitras are considered as Kulin Kayasthas of Vishvamitra gotra, along with Bose, Guha and Ghosh.[5]


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  1. ^ "Most Popular Persian/Iranian Names". Names.org. Retrieved February 8, 2022.
  2. ^ "Mitra". Family Education. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
  3. ^ Carnoy, Albert J. (1917). "The Moral Deities of Iran and India and Their Origins". The American Journal of Theology. 21: 58–78. doi:10.1086/479791.
  4. ^ Andre Wink (1991). Al-Hind, the Making of the Indo-Islamic World. Vol. 1. Brill Academic Publishers. p. 269. ISBN 978-90-04-09509-0.
  5. ^ Hopkins, Thomas J. (1989). "The Social and Religious Background for Transmission of Gaudiya Vaisnavism to the West". In Bromley, David G., David G.; Shinn, Larry D. (eds.). Krishna consciousness in the West. Bucknell University Press. pp. 35–36. ISBN 978-0-8387-5144-2.