|Formed||14 November 1930|
|Jurisdiction||Federal government of Brazil|
|Headquarters||Brasília, Distrito Federal|
|Annual budget||R$ 101,3 billion (2015)|
The Ministry of Education (Portuguese: Ministério da Educação), also known as MEC, an initialism derived from its former name Ministry of Education and Culture (Portuguese: Ministério da Educação e Cultura), is a cabinet-level federal ministry of Brazil.
Before 1930, matters relating to education were under responsibility of the National Department of Education (Portuguese: Departamento Nacional do Ensino), which was a part of the then-called Ministry of Justice.
In 1930, as Getúlio Vargas took office as president, the Ministry of Education and Public Health (Portuguese: Ministério da Educação e Saúde Pública) was created, taking away education matters from the Ministry of Justice.
In 1953, the ministry was split into two: the Ministry of Health, and the Ministry of Education and Culture (Portuguese: Ministério da Educação e Cultura, with the acronym MEC, which lasts to this day).
In 1992, as Itamar Franco took office as president, sports were made part of the ministry again, which was subsequently renamed Ministry of Education and Sports (Portuguese: Ministério da Educação e do Desporto).
Milton Ribeiro, the last Education Minister, resigned on 28 March 2022 after a corruption scandal involving the use of the ministry's budget to help evangelical pastors, fulfilling a request made by president Jair Bolsonaro. On 18 April 2022, President Bolsonaro promoted the Executive-Secretary Victor Godoy for the position of minister.