Ministry of Education (Brazil) Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ministry_of_Education_(Brazil)

Ministry of Education
Fachada do Ministério da Educação (MEC) (15837724253).jpg
Ministry overview
Formed14 November 1930
JurisdictionFederal government of Brazil
HeadquartersBrasília, Distrito Federal
Annual budgetR$ 101,3 billion (2015)[1]
Minister responsible
  • Victor Godoy

The Ministry of Education (Portuguese: Ministério da Educação), also known as MEC, an initialism derived from its former name Ministry of Education and Culture (Portuguese: Ministério da Educação e Cultura), is a cabinet-level federal ministry of Brazil.

It is tasked with coordinating national education policy and daily affairs, from early childhood to the post-graduate level.[2]

History of the institution[edit]

Before 1930, matters relating to education were under responsibility of the National Department of Education (Portuguese: Departamento Nacional do Ensino), which was a part of the then-called Ministry of Justice.

In 1930, as Getúlio Vargas took office as president, the Ministry of Education and Public Health (Portuguese: Ministério da Educação e Saúde Pública) was created, taking away education matters from the Ministry of Justice.

In 1953, the ministry was split into two: the Ministry of Health, and the Ministry of Education and Culture (Portuguese: Ministério da Educação e Cultura, with the acronym MEC, which lasts to this day).

In 1985, during José Sarney's presidency, it was again split into two: the Ministry of Culture, and the Ministry of Education.

In 1992, as Itamar Franco took office as president, sports were made part of the ministry again, which was subsequently renamed Ministry of Education and Sports (Portuguese: Ministério da Educação e do Desporto).

In 1995, during Fernando Henrique Cardoso's presidency, that was once again changed, separating the Ministry of Education from the then Ministry of Sports.

Milton Ribeiro,[3] the last Education Minister, resigned on 28 March 2022 after a corruption scandal involving the use of the ministry's budget to help evangelical pastors, fulfilling a request made by president Jair Bolsonaro.[4][5] On 18 April 2022, President Bolsonaro promoted the Executive-Secretary Victor Godoy for the position of minister.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Portal Orçamento (October 2014). "Projeto de Lei Orçamentária para 2015" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Senado federal. p. 21. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
  2. ^ MEC - Faculdades autorizadas
  3. ^ Gomes, Pedro Henrique; Garcia, Gustavo (16 July 2020). "Milton Ribeiro toma posse como quarto ministro da Educação no governo Bolsonaro" [Milton Ribeiro takes office as fourth minister of Education on Bolsonaro's government]. G1 (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 16 July 2020.
  4. ^ Saldaña, Paulo (21 March 2022). "Ministro da Educação diz prorizar amigos de pastor a pedido de Bolsonaro; ouça áudio". Folha de S. Paulo (in Portuguese). Retrieved 28 March 2022.
  5. ^ Lara, Rafaela (28 March 2022). "Milton Ribeiro anuncia exoneração do Ministério da Educação". CNN Brasil. Retrieved 28 March 2022.
  6. ^ Bimbati, Ana Paula (18 April 2022). "Ameaça a servidores e Escola de Guerra: quem é o novo ministro da Educação?". UOL Educação (in Portuguese). Retrieved 18 April 2022.


External links[edit]