• 694–710 CE
• 1930–1983 CE
|Kalipada Singha Thakur|
|Historical era||Classical India|
Early Modern Period
|29 December 1947 CE|
Mallabhum kingdom (also known as Mallabhoom, Bengali: মল্লভূম or Bishnupur kingdom) was the kingdom ruled by the Mallaka kings of Bishnupur, primarily in the present Bankura district in Indian state of West Bengal.
It is told that Mallabhum is the territory, which included Bankura, a part of Burdwan, Birbhum, Santhal Parganas, Midnapur and also a part of Purulia. The Malla Rajas ruled over the vast territory in the south-western part of present West Bengal and a part of southeastern Jharkhand.
The area around Bishnupur and Bankura was called Mallabhum. The core area would cover present day Bankura police station area (excluding Chhatna), Onda, Bishnupur, Kotulpur and Indas. In olden days the term was used for a much larger area, which probably was the furthest extent of the Bishnupur kingdom. In the north it stretched from Damin-i-koh in Santhal Parganas to Midnapore in the south. It included the eastern part of Bardhaman and included parts of Chota Nagpur in the west.
According to O'Malley, the Rajas of Bishnupur were also known as Malla kings. Malla is a Sanskrit word meaning wrestler but there could be some links with the Mal tribes of the area, who had intimate connection with the Bagdis.
From around 7th century CE till around the advent of British rule, for around a millennium, history of Bankura district is identical with the rise and fall of the Hindu Rajas of Bishnupur. The legends of Bipodtarini Devi are associated with Malla Kings of Bishnupur.
According to Bhattacharjee, Tarun Dev (1982) during Malla period, the society was centred round the village. The tax collectors were called as Gumasta and their assistants as Aat Pahari or Paik The Mukhiya or Mandal was the title of headman, who was regarded as the guardian of the village. Malla kings had several service groups. Due to scarcity of money, the Malla kings used to present land instead of salary to all these service groups. This type of land is again of two types – namely the Panchaki jamin or land with a little tax and another one is the Bepanchaki jamin or land without any tax. Again the lands were named as per the service groups name as Senapati mahal for the head of the soldier, land given to the sentry was Mahalbera Mahal, and land given to the bodyguard was Chharidar Mahal.
|Sl. No.||Name of the king||Gregorian calendar||Bengali calendar||Malla calendar||Reign (year)|
|7||Dha (Jhau) Malla||764||171||70||11|
|13||Durjan (Durjay) Malla||862||269||168||44|
|25||Rup II (Jhap) Malla||1084||491||390||13|
|40||Kinu/Kanu II Malla||1345||752||651||13|
|41||Shur Malla II||1358||765||664||12|
|42||Shiv Singh Malla||1370||777||676||37|
|44||Durjan II (Durjay) Malla||1420||827||726||17|
|49||Hambir Malla Dev (Bir Hambir)||1565||972||871||55|
|50||Dhari Hambir Malla Dev||1620||1027||926||6|
|51||Raghunath Singha Dev||1626||1033||932||30|
|52||Bir Singha Dev||1656||1063||962||26|
|53||Durjan Singha Dev||1682||1089||988||20|
|54||Raghunath Singha Dev II||1702||1109||1008||10|
|55||Gopal Singha Dev||1712||1119||1018||36|
|56||Chaitanya Singha Dev||1748||1155||1054||53|
|57||Madhav Singha Dev||1801||1208||1107||8|
|58||Gopal Singha Dev II||1809||1216||1115||67|
|59||Ramkrishna Singha Dev||1876||1283||1182||9|
|Dwhaja Moni Devi||1885||1292||1191||4|
|60||Nilmoni Singha Dev||1889||1296||1195||14|
|Churamoni Devi (Regency)||1903||1310||1209||14|
|61||Kalipada Singha Thakur||1930–1983||1337 – 1390||1236–1289||53|
|Date C.E.||Name of temple||By Whom built|
|928||1622||Malleswar||Bir Singha, son of Raghunath Singha|
|949||1643||Syam Rai||Raghunath Singha|
|961||1655||Jor Bangla||Raghunath Singha|
|962||1656||Kala Chand||Raghunath Singha|
|971||1665||Madan Gopal||Siromani, wife of Bir Singha|
|971||1665||Murali Mohan||Churamoni /Siromoni Devi, wife of Bir Singha|
|1000||1694||Madan Mohan||Durjan Singha|
|1032||1726||Jor Mandir||Gopal Singha|
|1035||1729||Radha Gobind||Krishna Singha, son of Gopal Singha|
|1758||Radha Syam||Chaitanya Singha|
|History of South Asia|