|Languages||Bengali, Assamese, Maithili, Hindi|
|Populated states||West Bengal, Jharkhand, Bangladesh|
|Population||205,000 (West Bengal, 1981 census)|
273,641 (West Bengal, 2001 census)
306,234 (West Bengal, 2011 census)
Mal numbered 273,641 in the 2001 census and were 1.5 per cent of the total Scheduled Caste population of West Bengal. 39.6 per cent of the Mal were literate - 51.9 per cent males and 26.8 per cent females were literate.
Raja Mals were rulers of Bengal-Jharkhand junction area. Chatradhari Mals were supposed to be ministers of Raja Mals. Sapure Mals are mainly snake charmers. Paharia Mals generally live in hilly areas, and have their own distinct language. Raja Mals do not practice widow marriage like other orthodox Hindus.