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List of folk heroes Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_folk_heroes

This is a list of folk heroes, a type of hero – real, fictional or mythological – with their name, personality and deeds embedded in the popular consciousness of a people, mentioned frequently in folk songs, folk tales and other folklore; and with modern trope status in literature, art and films.

Historically documented[edit]

Antiquity (up to 450 AD)[edit]

Middle Ages (450–1500)[edit]

Early modern period (1500–1800)[edit]

Modern period (1800–present)[edit]

Possibly apocryphal[edit]

  • Samson – Israel, one of the judges, who became a legend due to his superhuman strength.
  • King Arthur – Britain, legendary British warlord said to have united the Britons against the Germanic invaders, with the support of the Knights of Camelot.
  • Beowulf – Scandinavia, legendary Geatish hero later turned king
  • Cúchulainn – Ireland, folk legend and the pre-eminent hero of Ulaid in the Ulster Cycle.
  • Moremi Ajasoro – Nigeria, Yoruba queen and heroine of Ife
  • Till Eulenspiegel or Tijl Uilenspiegel – Germany and the Low Countries, trickster and jester.
  • Fionn mac Cumhaill – Ireland, warrior, leader of the Fianna. Primary figure in the Oisin cycle.
  • Fong Sai-Yuk – China, martial arts folk hero.
  • Grettir the Strong – Icelandic outlaw.
  • John Henry – United States, mighty steel-driving African-American.
  • Hercules – Greece, strongman and demigod.
  • Homer – poet credited as the author of The Iliad and The Odyssey.
  • Robin Hood – England, outlaw usually associated with the motto "Steal from the rich, give to the poor".
  • The Three Musketeers – France, some highly skilled musketeers particularly fictionalized by Alexandre Dumas.
  • Hua Mulan – China, heroine who disguised herself as a man to join an army.
  • Hung Hei-Gun – China, martial arts folk hero.
  • Ilya MurometsKievan Rus', heroic knight from the Russian bylinas.
  • Merlin – Britain, the greatest Mage to have ever existed, it's unknown if he was real and if he was an alchemist or a priest.
  • Nai Khanom Tom – Thailand, master of Muay Thai.
  • Nasreddin Hodja – Seljuk Empire, Muslim philosopher and wise man.
  • Miloš Obilić – Serbian knight, assassin of Ottoman sultan Murad I.
  • Odysseus – Greece, legendary king of Ithaca.
  • Ragnar Lodbrok or Lothbrok – Sweden and Denmark, legendary Viking king.
  • Rummu Jüri – Estonia, outlaw who stole from the rich to give to the poor.
  • Molly Pitcher – American, Military woman who carried water pitchers for American soldiers in the Revolutionary war
  • Siegfried – Germany, the legendary dragon-slaying hero in Nibelungenlied.
  • Sundiata Keita – Mali, founder of the Mali Empire and king of the Mandinke people.
  • William Tell – Switzerland, hunter who began the rebellion against the Austrians.
  • Twm Siôn Cati – Wales, robber and trickster nicknamed the Welsh Wizard.
  • Achilles– Greece, hero of the Trojan War, the greatest of all the Greek warriors

Fictional[edit]

  • Pecos Bill – United States, giant cowboy who "tamed the Wild West".
  • Paul Bunyan – United States and Canada, giant lumberjack of the North Woods.
  • Chen Zhen – China, martial artist who fought against Japanese aggression in pre-World War II China.
  • Febold Feboldson – United States, farmer who could fight a drought.
  • Martín Fierro – Argentina, hero of the eponymous poem by Jose Hernandez.
  • Koba – Georgia, folk hero whose legend bears a resemblance to Robin Hood.
  • Joe Magarac – United States, steelworker made of steel.
  • Kintarō – Japan, legendary figure often depicted as a very young boy with superhuman strength.
  • Momotarō – Japan, legendary figure from the Edo period who defeated a band of ogres.
  • Baron Münchausen – Germany, "Baron of lies", rode cannonball and went to the moon.
  • Juan Bobo – Puerto Rico, trickster folk hero.
  • Alfred Bulltop Stormalong – United States, immense sailor whose ship was so big it scraped the moon.
  • Väinämöinen – Finland, described as an old and wise man with potent magical powers.
  • ZorroSpanish California/Mexico-United States, a masked vigilante.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Smith, William (1867). "Ambiorix". In William Smith (ed.). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. Vol. 1. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. pp. 138–139. Archived from the original on 2 November 2013.
  2. ^ "Queen Boudica, A Life in Legend | History Today". www.historytoday.com. Retrieved 4 August 2022.
  3. ^ Lucian Boia Myth in Romanian Consciousness, Central European University Press, Budapest, 2001, p.89
  4. ^ Lucian Boia Myth in Romanian Consciousness, Central European University Press, Budapest, 2001, p.89
  5. ^ Lucian Boia Myth in Romanian Consciousness, Central European University Press, Budapest, 2001, p.209.
  6. ^ Nojonen, Matti (2009). Jymäyttämisen taito. Strategiaoppeja muinaisesta Kiinasta [The Art of Deception. Strategy lessons from Ancient China. Helsinki, Finland: Gaudeamus. ISBN 978-952-495-089-3.
  7. ^ "Hannibal: The Last Hero of The Free World of Antiquity". Carthage Magazine. 25 August 2020. Retrieved 21 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ Tao 2009, p. 686.
  9. ^ "Majapahit Story : The History of Gajah Mada". Memory of Majapahit. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  10. ^ Czesław Robotycki (2003). Cultural Identity and Ethnicity in Central Europe: Proceedings of the International Conference on Ethnic and National Minorities in Central and Eastern Europe, Jagiellonian University, Cracow, May 11–16, 2000. UJ. p. 90. ISBN 978-83-233-1774-6.
  11. ^ Charlie T. McCormick; Kim Kennedy White (2011). Folklore: An Encyclopedia of Beliefs, Customs, Tales, Music, and Art. ABC-CLIO. p. 809. ISBN 978-1-59884-241-8.
  12. ^ Tanya Popovic (1988). Prince Marko: The Hero of South Slavic Epics. Syracuse University Press. pp. 7–. ISBN 978-0-8156-2444-8.
  13. ^ Wes Johnson (2007). Balkan Inferno: Betrayal, War and Intervention, 1990-2005. Enigma Books. p. 469. ISBN 978-1-929631-63-6.
  14. ^ Tanya Popovic (1988). Prince Marko: The Hero of South Slavic Epics. Syracuse University Press. ISBN 978-0-8156-2444-8.
  15. ^ Velma Bourgeois Richmond (17 September 2014). Chivalric Stories as Children's Literature: Edwardian Retellings in Words and Pictures. McFarland. p. 182. ISBN 978-1-4766-1735-0.
  16. ^ Seal, 2001. Page 34.
  17. ^ Seal, 2001. Page 49.
  18. ^ Seal, 2001. Page 50.
  19. ^ Seal, 2001. Page 77.
  20. ^ Seal, 2001. Page 107.
  21. ^ Seal, 2001. Page 125.
  22. ^ Appalachia Appalachian Mountain Club, 1964.
  23. ^ Monahan, Robert. "Jigger Johnson", New Hampshire Profiles magazine, Northeast Publications, Concord, New Hampshire, April 1957.
  24. ^ Seal, 2001. Page 132.
  25. ^ About Kaluaiko'olau Archived 27 November 2004 at the Wayback Machine
  26. ^ Danielle S. Sremac (1999). War of Words: Washington Tackles the Yugoslav Conflict. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 35–. ISBN 978-0-275-96609-6.
  27. ^ Rosenboim, Or (2021). "The Spatiality of Politics: Cesare Battisti's Regional and International Thought, 1900–1916". Modern Intellectual History: 1–24. doi:10.1017/S1479244321000159. ISSN 1479-2443.
  28. ^ ISRAELY, JEFF (24 October 2006). "Giovanni Falcone & Paolo Borsellino". Archived from the original on 29 August 2018. Retrieved 9 September 2018 – via content.time.com.
  29. ^ Agger, Michael (10 January 2005). "Not Dirty". The New Yorker. Retrieved 9 October 2006.
  30. ^ "Ludvík Svoboda - Vláda ČR". www.vlada.cz. Retrieved 12 October 2022.
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