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List of contemporary ethnic groups Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_contemporary_ethnic_groups

The following is a list of contemporary ethnic groups. There has been constant debate over the classification of ethnic groups. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be associated with shared ancestry, history, homeland, language or dialect and cultural heritage; where the term "culture" specifically includes aspects such as religion, mythology and ritual, cuisine, dressing (clothing) style and other factors.

By the nature of the concept, ethnic groups tend to be divided into subgroups, which may themselves be or not be identified as independent ethnic groups depending on the source consulted.

Ethnic groups[edit]

The following groups are commonly identified as "ethnic groups",[citation needed] as opposed to ethno-linguistic phyla, national groups, racial groups or similar.

Ethnicity Language & Origin[citation needed] Primary homeland[citation needed] Subgroups, tribes & castes[citation needed] Majority (plurality) religion and sect[citation needed]
!Kung Kxʼa!Kung languages[note 1] Kalahari Desert (Namibia) Animism
Abazins Northwest CaucasianAbazgiAbaza Abazinia (Russia) Significant populations in Turkey, Egypt and Ukraine Islam → Sunni Islam
Abenaki AlgicAlgonquianAbenaki Quebec (Canada), Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire (United States) Abenaki religion
Abkhazians Northwest CaucasianAbazgiAbkhaz Abkhazia (Georgia) [note 2] Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy, Islam → Sunni Islam
Acehnese AustronesianChamicAcehnese Aceh (Indonesia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Acholi Nilo-SaharanNiloticLuoAcholi Acholiland (Uganda, South Sudan) Christianity
Adjoukrou Niger–CongoKwaAdjukru Dabou (Ivory Coast) Christianity
Afar AfroasiaticCushiticAfar Afaria (Ethiopia, Djibouti, Eritrea) Islam
Afemai Niger–CongoEdoidAfenmai Edo State (Nigeria) Christianity
African-Americans Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, Louisiana Creole, Gullah, Afro-Seminole Creole, Francosign → ASLic → American SignBlack American Sign United States Gullah, Creoles of color, Black Seminoles, Mascogos, Cherokee Freedmen, Sierra Leonean Americans, African-American Jews, with significant populations in France, the United Kingdom, and Israel Christianity → ProtestantismCalvinism
Afrikaners Indo-EuropeanGermanicAfrikaans South Africa Boers Christianity → ProtestantismCalvinism
Afro-Brazilians Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguese, Indo-EuropeanRomanceCafundó Brazil Zambo Christianity → Catholicism
Afro-Caribbean Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishEnglish Creole, Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanishCaribbean Spanish, Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchFrench Creole, Indo-EuropeanGermanicDutchSurinamese Dutch, Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguesePapiamento, Niger–CongoYoruba, Niger–CongoIgbo Caribbean Afro-Antiguan and Barbudan, Afro-Aruban, Afro-Bahamian, Afro-Barbadian, Afro-Bermudian, Afro-Colombians, Afro-Costa Ricans, Afro-Cubans (including Ganga-Longoba), Afro-Curaçaoans, Afro-Dominican (Dominica), Afro-Dominican (Dominican Republic), Afro-Grenadian, Afro-Guatemalan, Afro-Guyanese, Afro-Haitians, Afro-Hondurans, Afro-Jamaican, Afro-Kittian and Nevisian, Afro-Mexicans, Afro-Nicaraguan, Afro-Panamanian, Afro-Puerto Ricans, Afro-Saint Lucian, Afro-Salvadoran, Afro-Surinamese, Afro-Trinidadians and Tobagonians, Afro-Venezuelan, Afro-Vincentian, Christianity, Islam, Rastafari, Obeah, Santería, Orisha, Trinidad Orisha, Yoruba, Vodou, Traditional African religion, Afro-American religion, Baháʼí
Agaw AfroasiaticCushiticAgaw[note 1] Horn of Africa (Ethiopia, Eritrea)[note 3] Bilen, Ximre, Awi, Qemant Christianity → Oriental Orthodoxy
Ahom Kra–DaiTaiAhom[note 4] Assam (India) Hinduism
Aimaq Indo-EuropeanIranianPersianAimaq Afghanistan Aimaq Hazara, Firozkohi, Jamshidi, Kipchak, Timuri, Taymani Islam → Sunni Islam
Ainus Ainu languages[note 1] Hokkaido, Tōhoku region (Japan), Sakhalin, Kamchatka Peninsula, Khabarovsk Krai (Russia), Kuril Islands (Russia or Japan) Hokkaido Ainu (including Ishikari Ainu, Menasunkur Ainu, and Sumunkur Ainu), Tokyo Ainu, Sakhalin Ainu, and Russian Ainu AnimismAinu folk religion, Buddhism → Nichiren Shōshū, Shinto, Christianity → Eastern OrthodoxyRussian Orthodoxy
Aja Niger–CongoKwaGbeAdja Benin, Togo Traditional African religions
Akan Niger–CongoKwaCentral Tano,[note 1][note 5] Niger–CongoKwaAvikamAlladian,[note 1] Niger–CongoKwaAvatime, Niger–CongoKwaAbé, Niger–CongoKwaAbidji, Niger–CongoKwaAttié, Niger–CongoKwaM'Bato, Niger–CongoKwaAbure, FrancosignAmerican SignGhanaian Sign, Adamorobe Sign, Nanabin Sign Gold Coast (Ghana)[note 6] Twi (including Ashanti and Akuapem), Fante, Abbé, Abidji, Ahafo, Ahanta, Akwamu, Akyem, Anyi, Aowin, Assin, Attie, Avatime, Avikam, Baoulé, Brong, Chakosi, Evalue, M'Bato, Nzema, Sefwi (including House of Israel), Tchaman, Wasa, Abure, Alladian Christianity
Akha Sino-TibetanLoloishHaniAkha Yunnan (Pu'er and Xishuangbanna)[note 7] Akeu Animism
Alawites Afro-AsiaticSemiticArabicLevantine Arabic Syria, Lebanon IslamAlawite
Albanians Indo-EuropeanPaleo-BalkanAlbanian[note 1] Albania, Kosovo, Ilirida (North Macedonia), Chameria (Greece), Preševo Valley (Serbia) Ghegs (including Arbanasi and Kosovars), Tosks (including Arbëreshë, Cham Albanians, Arvanites), along with significant populations in Turkey, Egypt, Syria, France, the United Kingdom Italy, Spain, Germany, the Netherlands, Austria, Belgium, Nordic countries, Switzerland, Greece (including Western Thrace), Ukraine, Romania, Hungary, Croatia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Australia, Canada, and the United States Islam and Christianity
Aleuts Eskimo-AleutAleut Aleutian Islands (United States) ChristianityOrthodox Christianity
Altaians TurkicKipchakSouthern Altai, TurkicSiberian TurkicNorthern Altai Altai Republic and Altai Krai (Russia), Altai Mountains (Mongolia), Altay Prefecture (China) Altai faith
Alur Nilo-SaharanNiloticLuoAlur West Nile sub-region (Uganda), Ituri (Democratic Republic of the Congo) Christianity
Alutiiq Eskimo–Aleut → Eskimo languages → Alutiiq Alaska (United States) Chugach Christianity
Alyutors Chukotko-KamchatkanAlyutor Shamanism
Ambonese AustronesianMalayicMalayAmbonese Malay Ambon Island (Indonesia) Christianity → ProtestantismCalvinism
Ambundu Niger–CongoBantuKimbundu Angola Christianity, Traditional African religions
Americo-Liberians Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishMerico, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishLiberian Kreyol
Amhara AfroasiaticSemiticEthiopicAmharic Amharia (Ethiopia) Christianity → Oriental Orthodoxy
Amis AustronesianFormosanAmis Taiwan (Taitung and Hualien Counties) Animism, Christianity
Amish Indo-EuropeanGermanicGerman languagePennsylvania Dutch Pennsylvania (United States) ChristianityAnabaptism
Anaang Niger–CongoCross RiverIbibio-EfikAnaang Akwa Ibom State (Nigeria) Christianity
Andalusians Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanishAndalusian Spanish Andalusia (Spain) ChristianityCatholicism
Aneuk Jamee AustronesianMalayicMinangkabauAneuk Jamee[note 8] Aceh (Indonesia)
Anuak Nilo-SaharanNiloticLuoAnuak Anuakia (Ethiopia), Boma (South Sudan) Christianity
Apache Dené–YeniseianNa-DeneApachean[note 9] Apacheria (United States) Chiricahua, Jicarilla, Lipan, Mescalero, Salinero, Plains Apache, Western Apache Native American religionNative American Church
Arabs AfroasiaticSemiticArabic,[note 1] Arab Sign,[note 1] DGSicIsraeli Sign, Al-Sayyid Bedouin Sign Arabian peninsula, Syrian Desert and West Asia,[note 10] Bedouins (including Howeitats, Ababda, and Al-Sayyid Bedouins), Shirazis (including Zanzibaris, Comorians and Maores), Baggara, Arab-Berbers (including Algerians, Libyans, Mauritanians, Moroccans, and Tunisians), Sudanese, Iraqis (including Marsh Arabs), Palestinians, Lebanese, Kuwaitis, Omanis (including Dhofaris), Qataris, Saudis (including Rashaida, Hejazis, and Najdis), Syrians, Jordanians, Emiratis, Yemenis (including Hadhrami, Taʽizzi-Adenis, Akhdam, Sanʽani, and Tihami), along with significant populations in Brazil, Indonesia, Iran, Turkey, Pakistan (including Mugheri), Venezuela, Afghanistan, Israel, and the United States Islam
Arapaho AlgicAlgonquianArapahoanArapaho Colorado, Wyoming (United States) Christianity, Native American Church
Aragonese Indo-EuropeanRomanceAragonese, Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanish Aragon (Spain) ChristianityCatholicism
Argobba AfroasiaticSemiticEthiopicArgobba[note 11] Ethiopia (Afar, Harari, Amhara, and Oromia Regions)[note 3] Islam → Sunni Islam
Armenians Indo-EuropeanArmenian,[note 1] Armenian Sign Greater Armenia (Armenia, Republic of Artsakh, Turkey)[note 12] Turkish Armenians (including Armenians in Istanbul, Hemshin and Hidden Armenians), Cherkesogai, Armeno-Tats, Hayhurum Karabakhis, along with significant populations in Russia, Belarus, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Serbia, Poland, Greece, Hungary, Moldova, Romania, Ukraine (including Crimea), Cyprus, the United States, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, France, Spain, the United Kingdom Sweden, Switzerland, Italy, Malta, Georgia (including Samtskhe–Javakheti, Abkhazia, and Tbilisi), Azerbaijan, (including Baku), Egypt, Lebanon, Pakistan, Iran, Qatar, Iraq, Kuwait, Syria, the United Arab Emirates, Israel, Jordan, Ethiopia, China, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Singapore, Australia, Austria, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Germany Christianity → Oriental Orthodoxy
Aromanians Indo-EuropeanRomanceAromanian Balkans (Greece, Albania, North Macedonia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania)[note 3] Significant populations in Greece, Albania, Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia, and North Macedonia, along with diaspora populations Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Arrernte Pama-NyunganArandicArrernte Arrernte Land (Australia) Alcheringa
Assyrians AfroasiaticSemiticNeo-Aramaic[note 1][note 13] Assyria (Iraq, Iran, Syria, Turkey)[note 14] Iraqi Assyrians, Turkish Assyrians, Syrian Assyrians and Iranian Assyrians. Groupings include Chaldean Assyrians from Nineveh and Bohtan, Syriac Assyrians from Tur Abdin, Hakkari and Urmia tribes including; Tyari, Jilu, Baz, Tkhuma, Nochiya. Majority in diaspora Christianity → Syriac Christianity
Asturians Indo-EuropeanRomanceAsturleoneseAsturian, Indo-EuropeanRomanceGalician and AsturleoneseEonavian[note 15] Asturias Eonavians Christianity → Catholicism
Atacama Kunza Atacama Desert (Chile), (Argentina), (Bolivia) Inca Religion
Atayals AustronesianFormosanAtayal Taiwan Animism, Christianity
Atoni AustronesianTimoricUab Meto West Timor (Indonesia), Oecusse (East Timor) Amarasi Christianity
Atyap Niger–CongoPlateauAtyap Kaduna State (Nigeria) Christianity
Austrians Indo-EuropeanGermanicBavarian, Francosign → Austro-Hungarian Sign → Austrian Sign Austria, South Tyrol Significant populations in United States, Canada, and Australia Christianity → Catholicism
Avars Northeast CaucasianAvar Dagestan (Russia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Awa BarbacoanAwanAwa Nariño (Colombia), Carchi (Ecuador) Christinity
Awadhis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanHindustaniAwadhi Awadh (India) Barhai Hinduism
Aymara AymaranAymara Bolivia, Peru, Chile Mestizos such as Bolivians Christianity → Catholicism
Azerbaijanis TurkicOghuzAzeri[note 1] Azerbaijan, Iranian Azerbaijan (Iran) Ayrums, Bayat, Karadaghis, Qajars, Küresünni, Padar, Qarapapaqs, Shahsevan, Terekeme, Yeraz, Afshar, Iranian Azeris, along with significant populations in Georgia and Russia Islam → Shia Islam
Baharna Afro-AsiaticSemiticArabicBahrani Arabic Bahrain Significant population in Kuwait IslamShia Islam
Bahnar AustroasiaticBahnar Central Highlands, Vietnam Animism
Bai Sino-TibetanBai Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture (China) Buddhism
Bakossi Niger–CongoBantuAkoose Bakossi Mountains (Cameroon) Christianity → Catholicism
Balanta Niger–CongoWest AtlanticSenegambianBalanta[note 1] Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, The Gambia Traditional African religions
Balinese AustronesianBalinese Bali (Indonesia) Bali Aga Hinduism → Balinese Hinduism
Balkars TurkicKipchakBalkar Kabardino-Balkaria (Russia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Balochs Indo-EuropeanIranianBalochi Balochistan (Pakistan, Iran, Afghanistan) Askani, Bajkani, Bangulzai, Barazani, Bhurgari, Bugti, Buledi, Chandio, Darzada, Dehwar, Dodai, Dombki, Gabol, Ghazini, Jamali, Jatoi, Kalmati, Khetran, Kunara, Langhani, Lango, Lashkrani, Loharani, Lund, Marri, Mazari, Mengal, Mirali, Mugheri, Muhammad Shahi, Mullazai, Nothazai, Pitafi, Qaisrani, Rind, Sadozai, Sethwi, Shaikhzadah, Talpur, Tauki, Umrani, Yarahmadzai, Zardari, Makrani, along with significant populations in the United Arab Emirates (including Al Balushi) and Turkmenistan Islam → Sunni Islam
Balti Sino-TibetanTibeticBalti Gilgit-Baltistan (Pakistan) Islam → Shia Islam
Bamars Sino-TibetanBurmese Myanmar Taungyo, Yaw, Intha, Danu, Anglo-Burmese Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Bambara Niger–CongoMandeMandingBambara Mali Haratin Islam
Bamileke Niger–CongoGrassfieldsBamileke[note 1] Cameroon (West and Northwest regions) Mengaka, Ngiemboon, Ngombale, Ngomba, Ngwe, Yemba, Fe'fe', Ghomala', Kwaʼ, Nda’nda', Medumba Christianity
Bamum Niger–CongoGrassfieldsBamum West Region (Cameroon) Islam
Banda Niger–CongoUbangianBanda[note 1] Central African Republic, South Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo Central Banda, South Banda, West Banda Christianity
Banjarese AustronesianMalayicMalayBanjarese South Kalimantan (Indonesia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Bari Nilo-SaharanNiloticBari Central Equatoria (South Sudan), Uganda Pojulu, Kakwa, Nyangwara, Mandari, Kuku Christianity
Bariba Niger–CongoGurBariba Borgu (Benin, Nigeria) Islam
Bashkirs TurkicKipchakBashkir Bashkortostan (Russia) Islam
Basques Basque[note 16] Basque Country (Spain, France) Navarreans, Northern Basques, along with significant populations in Argentina, Chile, Colombia, the United States, Canada, Mexico, Venezuela, and Uruguay Christianity → Catholicism
Bassa Niger–CongoKruBassa Bassaland (Liberia) Christianity → ProtestantismAnglicanism
Batak AustronesianNorthwest Sumatra–Barrier IslandsBatak[note 1] North Sumatra (Indonesia) Angkola, Karo, Mandailing, Pakpak, Simalungun, Toba, Alas, Kluet, Singkil Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Beja AfroasiaticCushiticBeja Sudan, Egypt, Eritrea Bishari, Hadendoa, Hedareb, Amarar, Beni-Amer Islam → Sunni Islam
Belarusians Indo-EuropeanSlavicBelarusian[note 17] Belarus Significant populations in the United States, Ukraine, and Russia Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Belizean Creoles Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishBelizean Creole Belize ChristianityProtestantism
Bemba Niger–CongoBantuBemba Zambia (Northern, Luapula, and Copperbelt Provinces), Katanga Province (Democratic Republic of the Congo) Christianity → Protestantism
Bembe Niger–CongoBantuBembe Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania Christianity
Bena Niger–CongoBantuBena Njombe Region (Tanzania)
Bengalis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBengali Bengal (Bangladesh, India) Bengali Muslims, Bengali Hindus, Bangladeshis, along with the Bengali Hindu diaspora, (British Bangladeshis, Middle Eastern Bangladeshis, Malaysian Bangladeshis, Bangladeshi Canadians, Italo-Bangladeshis, Polish Bangladeshis, Bangladeshi New Zealanders, Bangladeshi Australians, Maldivian Bangladeshis, Japanese Bangladeshis, Bengali Americans and Bangladeshi Americans), Bangals, Ghotis, Dhakaiyas Islam → Sunni Islam, Hinduism
Berbers AfroasiaticBerber,[note 1] AfroasiaticSemeticArabic[note 1] Maghreb (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya) Brabers, Chaouis, Kabyle, Sahrawi, Chenouas, Ghomaras, Hawwara, Jerbis, Matmatas, Mozabite, Nafusis, Rifian, Sanhaja de Srair, Shilha, Siwi, Tuaregs, Awjila, Arab-Berbers (including Algerians, Libyans, Moroccans, Sahrawis, Mauritanians, and Tunisians), along with significant populations in France, Belgium, and the Netherlands Islam → Sunni Islam
Berom Niger–CongoPlateauBerom Plateau State (Nigeria) Christianity
Berta Nilo-SaharanBerta Benishangul-Gumuz Region (Ethiopia), South Sudan Islam
Betawis AustronesianMalayicMalayBetawian Jakarta (Indonesia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Beti Niger–CongoBantuBeti[note 18] Cameroon Ewondo, Eton Christianity
Bezhta Northeast CaucasianTsezicBezhta Tsuntinsky District (Russia) IslamSunni Islam
Bhils Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBhil[note 1] India (Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra) Barda, Bhagalia, Bhilala, Bhil Gametia, Bhil Garasia, Bhil Kataria, Bhil Mama, Bhil Mavchi, Dholi Bhil, Dungri Bhil, Damor, Dungri Garasia, Mewasi Bhil, Nirdhi Bhil, Rawal Bhil, Tadvi Bhil, Vasava, Bhil Meena, Chaudhri Hinduism
Bhojpuris Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBihariBhojpuri India, Nepal Paswan, Thakur, Teli Hinduism
Bhumijs AustroasiaticMundaBhumij[note 19] India (West Bengal, Odisha, Jharkhand) Sarnaism
Bicolanos AustronesianPhilippineBikol[note 1] Bicol Region (Philippines) Central Bikol, Sorsoganons, Catandunganons, Rinconada, Albayanon Christianity → Catholicism
Bidayuh AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianLand Dayak[note 1] Sarawak (Malaysia) Kendayan, Selako, Bakatiʼ, Sara Bakati', Laraʼ, Bukar –Sadong, Biatah, Tringgus, Jagoi, Jangkang, Kembayan, Semandang, Ribun, Nyaduʼ, Sanggau Christianity
Bilala Nilo-SaharanCentral SudanicNaba Lake Fitri (Chad) Islam
Bishnupriya Manipuris Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBishnupriya Manipuri Manipur (India), Bangladesh Hinduism
Bissa Niger–CongoMandeBissa Burkina Faso Islam
Blaan AustronesianPhilippineBlaan Soccsksargen (Philippines) Anitism
Blackfoot AlgicAlgonquianBlackfoot Alberta (Canada), Montana (United States) Kainai Nation, Piegan Blackfeet, Piikani Nation, Siksika Nation Native American Church, Christianity
Boa Niger–CongoBantuBoa Bas-Uélé (Democratic Republic of the Congo) Christianity
Bodo Sino-TibetanSalBodo Bodoland (India) Mech, Kachari Bathouism, Hinduism
Bokota ChibchanBuglere Bocas del Toro (Panama) Native American religion
Bondei Niger–CongoBantuSuetaBondei Pangani District (Tanzania)
Bosniaks Indo-EuropeanSlavicSerbo-CroatianBosnian Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sandžak (Serbia, Montenegro) Significant populations in Serbia, Turkey, Austria, Germany and the United States Islam → Sunni Islam
Bouyei Kra–DaiTaiBouyei Guizhou (China) Giáy Moism
Bozo Niger–CongoMandeBozo Mali Islam
Brahuis DravidianBrahui Balochistan (Pakistan) Raisani, Jhalawan, Sarawan, Mengal (including Zagar and Zakria Zae), Sasoli Islam → Sunni IslamHanafi
Bretons Indo-EuropeanCelticBreton[note 20] Brittany (France) Significant populations in Canada and the United States Christianity → Catholicism
Bribri ChibchanTalamancaBribri, Bribri Sign Cordillera de Talamanca (Costa Rica) Talamancan mythology
Bru AustroasiaticKatuicBru Savannakhet province (Laos), Vietnam (Quảng Bình and Quảng Trị provinces) Animism
Bubi Niger–CongoBantuBube Bioko (Equatorial Guinea) Christianity → Catholicism
Budu Niger–CongoBantuBudu Wamba Territory (Democratic Republic of the Congo) Christianity
Buduma AfroasiaticChadicYedina Lake Chad (Chad, Nigeria, Cameroon) Islam
Buginese AustronesianSouth SulawesiBuginese South Sulawesi (Indonesia) Islam
Bulgarians Indo-EuropeanSlavicBulgarian, FrancosignBulgarian Sign Bulgaria Pomaks, Paulicians, Macedonian Bulgarians, along with significant populations in Turkey, Ukraine and Moldova, Romania and Serbia, Croatia, Germany, Spain, and the United States Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Burghers Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanSinhala, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, Indo-EuropeanRomancePortugueseSri Lankan Portuguese Creole Sri Lanka Dutch Burghers, Portuguese Burghers Christianity
Burushos Burushaski Gilgit-Baltistan (Pakistan) Islam → Shia IslamIsma'ilism
Butonese AustronesianCelebicButonese[note 1] Buton (Indonesia) Islam
Bwa Niger–CongoGurBwa[note 1] Burkina Faso, Mali Traditional African religions
Camminanti Indo-EuropeanRomanceSicilianBaccagghju Sicily (Italy) ChristianityCatholicism
Canary Islanders Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanishCanarian Spanish, Silbo Gomero Canary Islands (Spain) Isleños ChristianityCatholicism
Cape Verdeans Indo-EuropeanRomancePortugueseCape Verdean Creole Cabo Verde ChristianityCatholicism
Carolinians AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOceanicMicronesianCarolinian Northern Mariana Islands (United States) ChristianityCatholicism
Catalans Indo-EuropeanRomanceCatalan, Catalan Sign[note 1] Catalan Countries (Spain, France) Valencians, Balearics, Algherese, Andorrans, Catalan Americans Christianity → Catholicism
Chaga Niger–CongoBantuChaga[note 1] Tanzania Christianity, Islam, Traditional African religions
Chagossians Indo-EuropeanBourbonnais CreoleChagossian Creole Chagos Archipelago[note 21]
Chakmas Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanChakma Chittagong Hill Tracts (Bangladesh) Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Chamorro AustronesianChamorro Mariana Islands (United States) Christianity → Catholicism
Chams AustronesianChamicCham[note 1] Champa (Cambodia, Vietnam) Islam → Sunni Islam
Chechens Northeast CaucasianNakhChechen Chechnya (Russia) Kists Islam → Sunni Islam
Cherokee Iroquoian → Southern Iroquoian → Cherokee[note 22] United States (North Carolina, Tennessee)[note 23] Cherokee Nation, Eastern Band, United Keetoowah Band, Cherokee Freedmen Christianity
Chewa Niger–CongoBantuChewa Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique Christianity
Cheyennes AlgicAlgonquianCheyenne, Plains Indian Sign Language United States (Montana, Oklahoma) Native American religion, Native American Church, Christianity
Choctaw MuskogeanChoctaw[note 22] United States (Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana)[note 23] Christianity
Chokwe Niger–CongoBantuChokwe Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia Christianity
Chukchis Chukotko-KamchatkanChukchi Chukchia Chuvans Christianity → Eastern OrthodoxyRussian Orthodoxy
Chutiya Sino-TibetanSalDeori[note 4] Assam (India) Deori Hinduism
Chuukese AustronesianMicronesianChuukese Chuuk Lagoon (Federated States of Micronesia) Christianity → Catholicism
Chuvash TurkicOghurChuvash Chuvashia (Russia) Virjal, Anatri Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Circassians Northwest CaucasianCircassian[note 1] Circassia (Russia)[note 2] Abzakhs, Adygeans, Besleneys, Bzhedugs, Chemirgoys, Cherkess, Kabardians, Natukhajs, Shapsugs, Ubykhs Islam → Sunni Islam
Cofán Cofán language Sucumbios (Ecuador), Putumayo (Colombia) Animism
Comanche Uto-AztecanNumicComanche, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish Comancheria (United States) Native American Church, Christianity
Copts AfroasiaticCoptic,[note 24] Egyptian Sign Egypt Sudan and Libya along with the Coptic diaspora Christianity → Coptic Orthodoxy
Cornish Indo-EuropeanCelticCornish,[note 25] BANZSLBritish Sign Cornwall (United Kingdom) Significant populations in the United States and Australia Christianity
Corsicans Indo-EuropeanRomanceCorsican[note 20] Corsica (France) Corsican Americans (including Corsican Puerto Ricans} Christianity → Catholicism
Cree AlgicAlgonquianCree[note 26] Canada (Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador) Innu, Naskapi, Atikamekw, James Bay Cree, Moose Cree, Swampy Cree, Woods Cree, Plains Cree, Oji-Cree Christianity
Croats Indo-EuropeanSlavicSerbo-Croatian,[note 1][note 27] Francosign → Austro-Hungarian Sign → Yugoslav Sign[note 1] Croatia, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia and Herzegovina) Bunjevci, Krashovani, Janjevci, Šokci, Bosnian Croats, along with significant populations in Italy (including Molise Croats), Austria, United States, Chile, Argentina, Germany, Australia and Canada Christianity → Catholicism
Crow SiouanWestern SiouanCrow Montana (United States) Christianity, Crow religion
Czechs Indo-EuropeanSlavicCzech Czech Republic Bohemians, Moravians, along with significant populations in United States and Canada Christianity → Catholicism[note 28]
Dagaaba Niger–CongoGurDagaare Ghana, Burkina Faso Christianity
Dagombas Niger–CongoGurDagbani Kingdom of Dagbon (Ghana) Islam → Sunni Islam
Damara KhoeKhoekhoe Damaraland (Namibia) Christianity
Danes Indo-EuropeanGermanicNordicDanish Denmark Significant populations in the United States, Canada, Greenland, and Germany. Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Dargins Northeast CaucasianDargwa Dagestan (Russia) Kaitag, Kubachi, Itsari, Chirag Islam
Deccani Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanHindustaniDeccani Deccan (South-Central India) Hyderabadi Islam
Dinka Nilo-SaharanNiloticDinka South Sudan Christianity
Dogon Niger–CongoDogon,[note 1] Bangime, Tebul Sign Bandiagara Escarpment (Mali) Ampari Dogon (including Nyamboli), Tebul U, Mombo Dogon, Escarpment Dogon (including Tommo So), Jamsai Dogon, Nanga Dogon, Yanda Bɔlɔm, Walo, Beente, Duleri Dogon, Pinia, Bondum Dogon, Dogul Dogon, Budu, Western Plains Dogon, Toro-tegu Dogon, Bangande Traditional African religions
Dogras Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanDogri Jammu Division (India) Hinduism
Druze AfroasiasticSemiticArabicLevantine Arabic, DGSicIsraeli Sign Levant (Syria, Lebanon, Israel) Islam → Sunni IslamIsma'ilismDruzism
Dubla Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBhilDubli[note 29] Gujarat (India) Hinduism
Dutch Indo-EuropeanGermanicDutch, Indo-EuropeanGermanicZeelandic, Indo-EuropeanGermanicAfrikaans, Indo-EuropeanGermanicGronings, Indo-EuropeanGermanicLimburgish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicPlautdietsch, FrancosignDutch Sign Netherlands Groningers, Mennonites (including Russian Mennonites (including Old Colony Mennonites)), Zeeuws, Limburgers, and numerous colonial descendants such as Arubans, Bonairians, Curaçaoans, Sabans, St. Maarteners, St. Eustatians, Indos, Cape Coloureds, along with significant populations in the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand Christianity[note 28]
Dyula Niger–CongoMandeMandingDyula Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Mali Islam → Sunni Islam
Ebira Niger–CongoNupoidEbira Kogi State (Nigeria) Islam
Edo Niger–CongoEdoidEdo Edo State (Nigeria) Ika, Emai Christianity
Efik Niger–CongoCross RiverIbibio-EfikEfik Cross River State (Nigeria) Christianity
Egyptians Afro-AsiaticSemiticArabicEgyptian Arabic, Afro-AsiaticSemiticArabicSa'idi Arabic, Egyptian Sign Egypt Sa'idi IslamSunni Islam
Ekoi Niger–CongoBantoidJagham Nigeria, Cameroon Christianity
Emberá ChocoEmberá languages[note 1] Chocó Department (Colombia), Panama (Darién, Emberá) Shamanism
English Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, BANZSLBritish Sign England (United Kingdom)[note 30] Numerous colonial descendants include Americans, Canadians, Australians, New Zealanders, English South Africans, and significant populations in Commonwealth Caribbean, Saint Helena, Botswana, Kenya, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Pakistan, Myanmar, India, Sri Lanka, Hong Kong, and Singapore. Christianity → ProtestantismAnglicanism
Esan Niger–CongoEdoidEsan Esanland (Nigeria) Christianity
Estonians UralicFinnicEstonian, UralicFinnicSouth Estonian, Estonia, Setomaa Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism[note 28]
Evenks Tungusic → Northern Tungusic → Evenki, Tungusic → Northern Tungusic → Negidal Russia, China Negidals Shamanism
Evens Tungusic → Northern Tungusic → Even Kamchatka Krai, Magadan Oblast, Sakha (Russia) Shamanism
Ewe Niger–CongoKwaGbeEwe Togo, Ghana Anlo Ewe, Waci Christianity
Fang Niger–CongoBantuBetiFang Río Muni (Equatorial Guinea), Gabon Christianity
Fantefolk Rodi Norway Christianity
Faroese Faroe Islands Indo-EuropeanGermanicNordicFaroese Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Fijians AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianFijian Fiji Fijian Americans, Fijian Australians, Fijian British Christianity → ProtestantismMethodism
Finns UralicFinnicFinnish, UralicFinnicFinnishMeänkieli, UralicFinnicFinnishKven, Indo-EuropeanGermanicNordicSwedishFinland Swedish, SSLicFSLicFinland-Swedish Sign Finland Kvens, Forest Finns, Tornedalians, Ingrian Finns (including Siberian Finns), Savonians, Tavastians, Ostrobothnians, Finnish Karelians, Finland Swedes, and Murmansk Finns, along with significant populations in Sweden, Switzerland, Australia, United States (including Findians), Argentina, and Canada (including Findians). Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Fipa Niger–CongoBantu (Zone M) → Fipa, Niger–CongoBantuMambwe-Lungu Rukwa Region, Tanzania (Sumbawanga Rural District, Nkasi District) Christianity → Catholicism
Flemings Indo-EuropeanGermanicDutchFlemish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicWest Flemish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicZeelandic, Francosign → Belgian Sign → Flemish Sign Flanders (Belgium), French Flanders, Zeelandic Flanders Christianity → Catholicism
Fon Niger–CongoKwaGbeFon Dahomey (Benin) Egun Christianity → Catholicism
French Indo-EuropeanRomanceLangues d'oïl,[note 1] Indo-EuropeanRomanceArpitan, Indo-EuropeanRomanceFaetar, FrancosignFrench Sign, FrancosignSwiss-French Sign, Francosign → Belgian Sign → French Belgian Sign France, Romandy (Switzerland), Aosta Valley (Italy) Arpitans (including Faetani and Cellese), Burgundians, Champenois, Comtois, Gallo, Lorrainers, Normans (including Channel Islanders such as Jèrriais, Guernésiais, and Sercquiais), Picards, Mayennais, Poitevins (including Saintongeais), Barthélemoise, Saint-Martinois, French Guianese, Caldoche, Réunionese (including Zoreilles), Huguenots (including Huguenots in South Africa, Huguenot Australians, and North America), Saint-Pierrais, along with numerous colonial descendants such as Pied-Noirs, French Canadians (including Quebecers, Acadians, Franco-Ontarians, Franco-Manitobans, Franco-Nunavois, Franco-Newfoundlanders, Franco-Ténois, Franco-Albertans, Franco-Yukonnais, Franco-Columbians, Muskrat French, Fransaskois, Brayons, and French-Canadian Americans), French Haitians, French Malagasy, Franco-Mauritians, Franco-Seychellois, French Americans (including French Puerto Ricans), French Senegalese, French Ivorians, French Hongkongers, French Japanese, French Koreans, French Pakistanis, French Lebanese, French Emiratis, French Hungarians, French Britons, French Cubans, French Guatemalans, French Mexicans, French Australians, French New Zealanders, French Argentines, French Brazilians, French Chileans, French Colombians, French Peruvians, French Uruguayans, Christianity → Catholicism
Frisians Indo-EuropeanGermanicFrisian languages,[note 1] Indo-EuropeanGermanicEast Frisian Low Saxon, Indo-EuropeanGermanicDutchWest Frisian Dutch Frisia (Netherlands, Germany, historically Denmark) Westlauwers Frisians (including Terschelling Frisians, Schiermonnikoog Frisians, and Hindeloopen Frisians), East Frisians, North Frisians, Saterland Frisians, with significant populations in the United States Christianity → ProtestantismCalvinism, Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Friulians Indo-EuropeanRomanceFriulian Friuli (Italy) Christianity → Catholicism
Fula Niger–CongoWest AtlanticSenegambianFula West Africa (Guinea, Senegal, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Cameroon, Niger, Burkina Faso, Benin, Chad)[note 31] Wodaabe, Haratin, Fula Jalon, Fulakunda, Maasina Fulfulde Islam
Fur Nilo-SaharanFur Darfur (Sudan) Islam → Sunni Islam
Fuyu Kyrgyz TurkicSiberian TurkicFuyu Kyrgyz Fuyu County (Qiqihar, Heilongjiang, China)
Ga-Adangbe Niger–CongoKwaGa–Dangme[note 1] Greater Accra (Ghana) Ga, Adangbe Christianity
Gabrieleños Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanish, Uto-AztecanTakicGabrieleño[note 32] Native American religion, Christianity
Gagauz TurkicOghuzGagauz Gagauzia (Moldova), Budjak (Ukraine) Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Galicians Indo-EuropeanRomanceGalician Galicia (Spain) Christianity → Catholicism
Gamilaraay Pama-NyunganWiradhuricGamilaraay New South Wales, Queensland (Australia) Alcheringa
Ganda Niger–CongoBantuGreat LakesLuganda Buganda (Uganda) Abayudaya Christianity
Garhwalis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanGarhwali Uttarakhand (India) Hinduism
Garifuna ArawakanTa-ArawakanGarifuna[note 33] Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[note 34] Christianity → Catholicism
Garos Sino-TibetanSalGaro Garo Hills (India) Christianity
Gayonese AustronesianNorthwest Sumatra–Barrier IslandsGayo Indonesia (Bener Meriah, Central Aceh, and Gayo Lues Regencies) Islam
Gbagyi Niger–CongoNupoidGwari Nigeria Traditional African religions
Gbaya Niger–CongoUbangianGbaya[note 1] Central African Republic, Cameroon Bokoto, Kàrà, Buli (including Toongo), Ali, Mandja, Gbaya-Bossangoa, Bozom, Mbodomo, Gbanu, Bangandu Islam
Gedeo AfroasiaticCushiticGedeo Gedeo Zone (Ethiopia) Christianity → ProtestantismP'ent'ay
Gelao Kra–DaiKraGelao[note 1][note 35] Guizhou (China) Taoism, Buddhism
Georgians Kartvelian languages,[note 1] Northeast CaucasianNakhBats, Georgian Sign Georgia Adjarians, Mingrelians, Svans, Tushetians, Meskhetians, Bats[note 36] Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Germans Indo-EuropeanGermanicHigh German languages,[note 1] Indo-EuropeanGermanicLow German languages,[note 1] DGSicGerman Sign, Swiss-German Sign Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Liechtenstein, Eastern Belgium, South Tyrol Bavarians, Franconians, Hessians, Hunsriks, Upper Saxons, Lower Saxons, Swabians (including Danube Swabians (including Banat Swabians)), Rhinelanders (including Colognians), Alsatians, Deutschschweizer, Liechtensteiners, Pomeranians, Volga Germans, Baltic Germans, Silesian Germans, Carpathian Germans, North Schleswig Germans, Eastern Belgians, Transylvanian Saxons, Pennsylvania Dutch, Mennonites (including Russian Mennonites), Walsers, Bukovina Germans, Halcnovians, and Nordschleswiger, along with significant populations in the United States (including German Texans), Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Venezuela (including Colonia Tovar Germans) Canada, Chile, Kazakhstan, Australia, Poland, Denmark, and New Zealand. Christianity
Gogo Niger–CongoBantuGogo Dodoma Region, Tanzania
Gilaks Indo-EuropeanIranianGilaki Gilan, Iran Islam → Twelver Shi’ism
Gitxsan TsimshianicGitxsan Skeena Country (Canada) Native American religion
Gola Niger–CongoGola Liberia, Sierra Leone Islam
Gonds DravidianGondi[note 37] Gondwana (India) Godha, Madia Gonds, Muria, Koya Hinduism
Gorani Indo-EuropeanSlavicGorani Gora (Kosovo, Albania, North Macedonia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Gorals Indo-EuropeanSlavicLechiticGórolski[note 38] Southern Poland, northern Slovakia, Cieszyn Silesia (Poland, Czech Republic) Silesian Gorals Christianity → Catholicism, Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Gorontalo AustronesianPhilippineGorontaloan Gorontalo (Indonesia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Great Andamanese Great Andamanese Great Andaman (India) Animism
Greeks Indo-EuropeanHellenic,[note 1] TurkicKipchakUrum, Indo-EuropeanRomanceAromanian, Indo-EuropeanRomanceMegleno-Romanian, Indo-EuropeanAlbanianArvanitika, FrancosignFrench Sign and American SignGreek Sign, Cypriot Sign Greece, Cyprus Greek Cypriots, Pontic Greeks, Cappadocian Greeks, Sarakatsani, Urums, Griko, Macedonian Greeks, Anatolian Greeks, Tsakonians, Antiochian Greeks and also sizeable populations of Arvanites, Aromanians and Megleno-Romanians who identify as ethnic Greeks, along with a significant diaspora in Albania (including Northern Epirotes), Turkey, Ukraine, Georgia, the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Australia, and Canada Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Guajajara TupianTenetehara Maranhao (Brazil) Shamanism
Guan Niger–CongoKwaGuang[note 1] Ghana (Brong-Ahafo and Volta Regions) Gonja, Kyode, Cherepon, Efutu, Anyanga, Larteh, Chumburung, Krache, Anum-Boso Christianity
Guaraní TupianGuarani Paraguay, Misiones (Argentina), Bolivia Chiriguanos, along with Mestizos such as Paraguayans Christianity → Catholicism
Gujarati Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanGujarati Gujarat (India) Koli, Bharwad, Khoja, Patidar, Sunni Bohra, Lohana, Vagri, Kharva, Charan, Baria, Momna, Ghanchi, Shenva, Bhambi Khalpa, Zarabes, Bhoi, Luso-Indians, Gujarati Americans Hinduism, Islam
Gujjar / Gurjar Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanGujari Primarily Pakistan & India, also Afghanistan at smaller numbers Khatana, Solanki, Parihar, Tanwar, Parmar, chandel, Chauhan, Bhadana, Bhatti, Kohli, Tomar, Panwar, Pawar, Bainsla, Bagri, Hans, etc. Islam, Hinduism
Gumuz Nilo-SaharanGumuz Benishangul-Gumuz Region (Ethiopia) Traditional African religion
Guna ChibchanKuna Guna Yala (Panama) Native American religion
Gurage AfroasiaticSemiticEthiopicGurage[note 1] Guragia (Ethiopia) Kistane, Zay, Inor, Mesqan, Sebat Bet (including Chaha and Muher) Christianity
Gurma Niger–CongoGurGourmanché Gurmaland (Burkina Faso, Ghana) Ntcham, Bimoba Islam
Gurungs Sino-TibetanGurung Nepal, Sikkim (India), West Bengal (India) Ghale, Gurung Hinduism, Buddhism
Gurunsi Niger–CongoGurGurunsi[note 1] Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo Lukpa, Kabye, Tem, Lamba, Delo, Bago-Kusuntu, Chala, Lyélé, Nuna, Kalamsé, Pana, Kassena, Winye, Deg, Puguli, Paasaal, Sisaala, Chakali, Siti, Tamprusi, Vagla Traditional African religions
Gwich'in Na-DeneAthabaskanGwich'in Yukon Territory, Northwest Territories (Canada), Alaska (United States) Native American religion
Ha Niger–CongoBantuHa Kigoma Region (Tanzania) Animism
Hadiya AfroasiaticCushiticHadiyya Hadiya (Ethiopia) Islam
Haida Haida Haida Gwaii (Canada) Haida Traditional Faith
Haisla WakashanHaisla British Columbia (Canada) Native American religion
Hän Na-DeneAthabaskanHän Yukon Territory (Canada, Alaska (United States) Native American religion
Han Chinese Sino-TibetanSiniticChinese languages,[note 1] CSLic languages,[note 1] JSLicTaiwan Sign, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishManglish, AustronesianMalayicMalayBazaar MalayBaba Malay Mainland China, Macau (China), Hong Kong (China), Taiwan, Singapore, Kokang (Myanmar) Subei, Cantonese (including Punti, Taishanese (including Taishanese Hongkongers), Hongkongers (including Hong Kong Americans, Hong Kong Canadians, Hong Kong Britons, Hong Kong Australians, and Hongkongers in the Netherlands), Macau, Namshun, Cantonese Cambodians, and Chuanqing), Tankas (including Dan and Fuzhou Tanka), Hui, Fujianese (including Fuzhounese (including Fuzhounese Americans), Hoklo (including Hoklo Taiwanese, Hoklo Cambodians, and Hoklo Americans), Hui'an maidens, Putianese, Fujianese Hongkongers, Fokien, and Teochew (including Teochew Cambodians)), Gaoshan Han, Gan, Tunbao, Pinghua (including Northern Pinghua and Southern Pinghua), Hakka (including Ngái (including Dan), Hakka Mauritians, Hakka Cambodians, and Hakka Americans), Hainanese (including Hainanese Cambodians), Hebei, Hunanese, Jianghuai, Shandong, Sichuanese, Wu (including Shanghainese, Ningbonese, and Wenzhounese (including Wenzhounese French)), Kokang Chinese, Han Taiwanese (including Hoklo Taiwanese), Sino-Singaporeans (including Straits Chinese), along with significant populations in the United States (including Hoklo Americans, Hong Kong Americans, Fuzhounese Americans, and Hakka Americans), Mongolia, Malaysia (including Penangite Chinese, Straits Chinese, and Peranakans (including Baba-Nyonya and Kiau–Seng)), Thailand, Indonesia (including Benteng), Myanmar, Canada (including Hong Kong Canadians), the Philippines (including Sangleys), Peru, Australia (including Hong Kong Australians), Vietnam (including Chinese Nùng and Ngái (including Dan)), Japan, Russia, France (including Chinois and Wenzhounese French), the United Kingdom (including Hong Kong Britons), South Africa, Italy, Bulgaria, Germany, Korea (including North Korea and South Korea), Fiji, Finland, Spain, India, Laos, Brazil, the Netherlands (including Hongkongers in the Netherlands), Argentina, Panama, Madagascar, Mauritius (including Namshun, Fokien, Hakka Mauritians, and Sino-creoles), Seychelles, Venezuela, Cambodia (including Teochew Cambodians, Cantonese Cambodians, Hainanese Cambodians, Hoklo Cambodians, and Hakka Cambodians), Belgium, Denmark, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, the Czech Republic, Chinese Bangladeshis, the Caribbean (including Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Trinidad and Tobago, Belize, Suriname, and Guyana), Chile, Costa Rica, Brazil, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Portugal, Mozambique, Romania, Samoa, Serbia, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, Algeria, Angola, Botswana, Cameroon, Cape Verde, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Libya, Malawi, Mali, Morocco, Namibia, Nigeria, the Republic of Congo, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and New Zealand Chinese folk religion, Buddhism, Taoism, no religion (see also Religion in China and Religion in Taiwan)
Hangaza Niger–CongoBantuHangaza Kagera Region, Tanzania
Hani Sino-TibetanLoloishHani Yunnan (China) Animism
Harari AfroasiaticSemiticEthiopicHarari Hararia (Ethiopia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Hausa AfroasiaticChadicHausa Hausaland (Niger, Nigeria, Ghana) Islam → Sunni Islam
Hawaiians AustronesianPolynesianHawaiian,[note 39] Hawaiʻi Sign Hawaii (United States) Christianity
Haya Niger–CongoBantuHaya Kagera Region, Tanzania Christianity, Ruhanga
Hazaras Indo-EuropeanIranianPersianHazaragi Hazarajat (Afghanistan) Aimaq Hazara, Hazara Australians Islam → Twelver Shi’ism
Hehe Niger–CongoBantuHehe Iringa Region, Tanzania
Heiltsuk Wakashan → Northern Wakashan → Heiltsuk-OowekyalaHeiltsuk Central Coat Regional District (Canada) Native American religion
Herero Niger–CongoBantuHerero Hereroland (Namibia), Angola OvaHimba, Ovambanderu Christianity
Highland Travellers Indo-EuropeanCelticScottish GaelicBeurla Reagaird Scottish Highlands (Scotland)
Hinukh Northeast CaucasianTsezicHinuq Tsuntinsky District (Russia) IslamSunni Islam
Hmong Hmong–MienHmongic[note 1] Guizhou (China)[note 40] A-Hmao, Gha-Mu, Xong, Pa-Hng, Hmong Americans Hmong folk religion
Hopi Uto-AztecanHopi Hopi Reservation (United States) Christianity, Native American Church
Huli Trans–New GuineaEnganHuli Southern Highlands Province (Papua New Guinea) Christianity
Hungarians UralicUgricHungarian, Francosign → Austro-Hungarian Sign → Hungarian Sign Hungary, Székely Land (Romania), Felvidék (Slovakia) Palóc, Matyó, along with significant populations in Romania (including Székelys and Csángós ), Slovakia, Serbia, Ukraine, Croatia, Slovenia, Germany, the United States, and Canada Christianity → Catholicism
Hunzibs Northeast CaucasianTsezicHunzib Tsuntinsky District (Russia) IslamSunni Islam
Hutterites Indo-EuropeanGermanicGermanHutterite German Great Plains ChristianityAnabaptism
Hutu Niger–CongoBantuGreat LakesRwanda-Rundi[note 41] Rwanda, Burundi, Kivu (Democratic Republic of the Congo) Christianity
Iban AustronesianMalayicIban Sarawak (Malaysia) Mualang Christianity
Ibanag AustronesianPhilippineCordilleranIbanag Philippines (Isabela, Cagayan) Christianity → Catholicism
Ibibio Niger–CongoCross RiverIbibio-EfikIbibio Akwa Ibom State (Nigeria) Eket, Aro Christianity
Icelanders Indo-EuropeanGermanicNordicIcelandic Iceland Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Idoma Niger–CongoIdomoidIdoma Benue State (Nigeria) Agatu, Alago, Yala Christianity
Igbo Niger–CongoIgbo Igboland (Nigeria) Anioma, Aro, Edda, Ekpeye, Etche, Ezaa, Ika, Ikwerre, Ikwo, Isu, Izzi, Mbaise, Mgbo, Ngwa, Nri-Igbo, Ogba, Ohafia, Ohuhu, Onitsha-Ado, Ukwuani, Waawa, Igbo Jews Christianity
Igede Niger–CongoIdomoidIgede Benue State (Nigeria) Christianity
Igorot AustronesianPhilippineCordilleran[note 1] Cordillera Administrative Region (Philippines) Balangao, Bontoc, Ibaloi, Ifugao (including Kalanguya), Isnag, Kalinga, Kankanaey Anitism
Ijaw Niger–CongoIjaw[note 1] Nigeria (Rivers, Bayelsa, and Delta States) Bille, Engenni, Ibani, Kalabari, Kula, Nkoro, Nkoroo, Obolo Christianity
Ili Turks TurkicKarlukIli Turki Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture (China), Kazakhstan Islam → Sunni Islam
Ilocano AustronesianPhilippineCordilleranIlocano Ilocos Region (Philippines) Christianity → Catholicism
Indo-Caribbean Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishEnglish Creole, Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanishCaribbean Spanish, Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchFrench Creole, Indo-EuropeanGermanicDutchSurinamese Dutch, Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguesePapiamento, Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanHindustaniCaribbean Hindustani, DravidianTamil–KannadaTamil Caribbean Indo-Barbadian, Indo-Dominican, Indo-Grenadians, Indo-Guadeloupeans, Indo-Haitians, Indo-Jamaicans, Indo-Martiniquais, Indo-Kittitians and Indo-Nevisians, Indo-Saint Lucian, Indo-Trinidadian and Tobagonian, Indo-Vincentian, Indo-Belizeans, Indo-Guyanese, Indo-Surinamese Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Sikhism, Jainism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Baháʼí
Ingush Northeast CaucasianNakhIngush Ingushetia (Russia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Inuit Eskimo–AleutInuit,[note 1] Inuit Sign Greenland (Denmark), Canada (Nunavut, Nunatsiavut, Nunavik, NunatuKavut), Alaska (United States) Greenlandics (including Kalaallit, Tunumiit, Inughuit and Greenlandic Danes), Iñupiat, Inuktitut, Inuvialuit Christianity
Iranun AustronesianPhilippineIranun Mindanao (Philippines) Islam → Sunni Islam
Iraqw AfroasiaticCushiticIraqw Tanzania Christianity
Irish Indo-EuropeanCelticIrish,[note 25] Indo-EuropeanCeltic and GermanicShelta, FrancosignIrish Sign, BANZSLBritish SignNorthern Ireland Sign Ireland (Republic of Ireland, United Kingdom)[note 42] Ulster Irish, Irish Catholics, Irish-Scots, along with significant populations in the United States, Australia, Canada, Argentina, Mexico, Great Britain, Russia, and New Zealand Christianity → Catholicism
Irish Travellers Indo-EuropeanShelta Ireland Significant populations in the United Kingdom, and the United States ChristianityCatholicism
Iroquois Iroquoian[note 43] United States, Canada Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, Tuscarora Longhouse Religion
Isan Kra–DaiTaiLaoIsan Isan (Thailand) Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Isoko Niger–CongoEdoidIsoko Isoko region (Nigeria) Christianity
Istro-Romanians Indo-EuropeanRomanceIstro-Romanian Istria (Croatia) Christianity → Catholicism
Italians Indo-EuropeanRomanceItalo-Dalmatian,[note 1] Indo-EuropeanRomanceGallo-Italic,[note 1] Indo-EuropeanSlavicSlavomolisano, FrancosignItalian Sign, FrancosignSwiss-Italian Sign Italy, Ticino (Switzerland) Waldensians, Lazians, Marchigianos, Tuscans, Umbrians, Emilians, Romagnol (including Sammarinese (including Sammarinese Americans)), Trentinis, Ligurians (including Niçard Italians, Monégasques (including Monégasque Americans)), Lombards, Piedmontese, Apulians, Calabrians, Neapolitans (including Abruzzans, Molisans (including Molise Croats), Lucanians, and Campanians), Venetians (including Talians and Chipileños), Vastese, Istrian Italians (including Istriots), Dalmatian Italians, along with significant populations in Argentina, Brazil, the United States, Venezuela, Canada, France, Peru, Uruguay, Australia, Germany, Sweden, Switzerland, Croatia, Crimea, Romania, Chile and the United Kingdom Christianity → Catholicism
Itawes AustronesianPhilippineCordilleranItawis Cagayan Valley (Philippines) Christianity → Catholicism
Itelmens Chukotko-KamchatkanKamchatkanItelmen Kamchatka Peninsula (Russia) Shamanism
Izhorians UralicFinnicIngrian Ingria (Russia) Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Japanese JaponicJapanese, JaponicHachijō, JSLicJapanese Sign, Miyakubo Sign Japan Kantō, Kansai, Hokkaido, Tōhoku, Hōnichi, Satsugū, Chūgoku, Echigo, Tōkai, Shinshuu, Hokuriku, Hachijō, Miyakubo, along with significant populations in Brazil, the United States and the Philippines. Shinto, Buddhism[note 44]
Jarai AustronesianChamicJarai Central Highlands, Vietnam Animism
Jarawas OnganJarawa South Andaman, Middle Andaman (India) Animism
Javanese AustronesianJavanesic[note 1] Java (Indonesia) Cirebonese, Osing, Tenggerese, Boyanese, Banyumasan, along with significant populations in Malaysia, Suriname, China, Sri Lanka, French Guiana, New Caledonia, and Saudi Arabia Islam → Sunni Islam
Jews AfroasiaticSemiticHebrew,[note 45] Jewish languages,[note 1][note 46] DGSicIsraeli Sign Israel[note 47] Ashkenazim (including Galitzianers, Yekke), Sephardim (including Eastern Sephardim, Moroccan Jews, Algerian Jews, Tunisian Jews, Amazonian Jews, Iberian Jews, Sephardic Bnei Anusim, Sephardic Haredim, Maghrebim, North African Sephardim, and Toshavim), Mizrahim (including Bukharim, Juhurim, Syrian Jews, Teimanim (including Sharʿabi Jews, Habbanim, Banu al-Harith, and Adeni Jews), Persian Jews (including Mashhadi Jews), and Kaifeng Jews), Beta Israel (including Beta Abraham), Italkim (including San Nicandro Jews), Rusape Jews, Romaniotes, Constantinopolitan Karaites, Crimean Karaites, Krymchaks, Afghan Jews, Gruznim, Benei Sión, Bene Israel, Kochinim, Paradesi, Iraqi Jews, Lishanid Noshan, Israeli Jews, B'nai Moshe, Xuetes, Bnei Menashe, Urfalim (including Surucalim and Cermikalim), Meshuchrarim, Baghdadi Jews, Lithuanian Jews, Abayudaya, Shaposhniki, Karaimites, African-American Jews, and Bene Ephraim, along with significant populations in the United States (including Puerto Rico), Canada, Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Israel, China, India, Cambodia, Iran, Syria, Lebanon, Bangladesh, Indonesia, the Arabian Peninsula (including the United Arab Emirates, Iraq, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, and Bahrain), Taiwan, Europe (including Russia, Galicia, Belarus, the Czech lands, Ukraine, Moldova, Transnistria, Romania, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Slovenia, Montenegro, Serbia, Kosovo, Albania, Cyprus, North Macedonia, Poland, Turkey, Lithuania, Abkhazia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iberia (including Spain, Andorra, Portugal), Germany, Austria, Italy, Malta, San Marino, Greece, Switzerland, Belgium, Denmark, Liechtenstein, the Netherlands, Iceland, France, Monaco, Gibraltar, and the United Kingdom), Africa (including Southern Africa (including Angola, Botswana, Eswatini, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe), Tunisia, Uganda, Morocco, Ethiopia, Algeria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ghana, Kenya, Morocco, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritius, Nigeria, Madeira, and Ivory Coast), and Oceania (including Australia, New Zealand) Judaism, Christianity → Xueta Christianity
Jingpo Sino-TibetanSalJingpho Kachin State (Myanmar), Yunnan (China) Northeast India Animism
Jita Mara Region (Tanzania)
Jola Niger–CongoWest AtlanticSenegambianJola[note 1] Jolaland (Senegal) Banjaal, Bayot, Fogni, Gusilay, Karon, Kasa, Kuwaataay, Mlomp Traditional African religions
Jukun Niger–CongoJukun Takum[note 48] Wukari (Nigeria) Wannu Traditional African religions
Kadazan-Dusun AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianDusunic[note 1] Sabah (Malaysia) Kadazan, Dusun, Dumpas, Ida'an, Kwijau, Lotud, Mangka'ak, Maragang, Minokok, Orang Sungai, Rumanau, Rungus, Tambanuo Christianity
Kaguru Niger–CongoBantuKagulu Ukaguru Mountains (Tanzania)
Kaingang JeKaingang Parana, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul, Sao Paulo Shamanism
Kalanga Niger–CongoBantuShonaKalanga Zimbabwe, Botswana Nambya Christianity
Kalash Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanKalasha Chitral District (Pakistan) Hinduism
Kalenjin Nilo-SaharanNiloticKalenjin[note 1] Rift Valley Province (Kenya) Keiyo, Tugen, Marakwet, Nandi, Kipsigis, Sabaot, Pökoot, Okiek, Terik Christianity
Kalinago Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish,[note 49] ArawakanTa-ArawakanKalinagoGarifuna, Vincentian Creole Lesser Antilles Garifuna (including Garifuna Americans) Christianity → Catholicism
Kamba Niger–CongoBantuKamba Ukambani (Kenya) Christianity
Kamëntsá Camsá language Putumayo (Colombia) Christianity
Kanaks AustronesianKanak[note 1] Kanakia (France) Haveke, Ajië, Arhâ, Xârâgurè, Haeke Christianity → Catholicism
Kannadigas DravidianKannada Karnataka (India) Vokkaliga Hinduism
Kanuri Nilo-SaharanSaharanKanuri Kanuriland (Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon) Kanembu, Yerwa Kanuri Islam
Kapampangans AustronesianPhilippineKapampangan Pampanga (Philippines) Christianity → Catholicism
Kapsiki AfroasiaticChadicKapsiki Mandara Mountains (Nigeria, Cameroon) Islam
Karachays TurkicKipchakKarachay Karachay-Cherkessia (Russia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Karakalpaks TurkicKipchakKarakalpak Karakalpakstan (Uzbekistan) Islam → Sunni Islam
Karbi Sino-TibetanKuki-Chin–NagaKarbi Karbi Anglong district (India) Amri Hinduism
Karelians UralicFinnicKarelian, UralicFinnicLudic, UralicFinnicLivvi-Karelian Karelia (Finland, Russia) Tver Karelians, Olonets Karelians Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Karen Sino-TibetanKarenic[note 1] Karen State, Kayah State, Pa'O Self-Administered Zone (Myanmar), Thailand S'gaw Karen, Pwo Karen, Karenni (including Kayan), Pa'O Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Karuk Karuk California (United States) Christianity
Kashmiris Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanDardicKashmiri Kashmir (India, Pakistan) Kashmiri Pandits, Kashmiris in Punjab Islam → Sunni Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism
Kashubians Indo-EuropeanSlavicKashubian Kashubia (Poland) Christianity → Catholicism
Kaska Dena Na-DeneAthabaskanKaska British Columbia, Yukon Territory (Canada) Native American religion
Kazakhs TurkicKipchakKazakh Kazakhstan Argyn, significant populations in China, and Russia Islam → Sunni Islam
Kereks Chukotko-KamchatkanChukotkanKerek Chukotka (Russia) Shamanism
Kerewe Niger–CongoBantuKerewe Ukerewe Island (Tanzania)
Kerinci AustronesianMalayicKerinci Kerinci Regency (Indonesia)
Ket Dene-YeniseianYeniseianKet Krasnoyarsk Krai (Russia) Shamanism
Khakas TurkicSiberian TurkicKhakas Khakassia (Russia) Christianity → Eastern OrthodoxyRussian Orthodoxy, ShamanismTengrism
Khanty UralicUgricKhanty[note 1] Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug (Russia)
Khas Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanNepali Nepal, India (Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Assam, West Bengal) Chhetri, Thakuri, Rana, Vaisya, Kami, Damai, Sarki, Sunar, Gandarbha Hinduism
Khinalugs Northeast CaucasianKhinalug Khinalug (Azerbaijan) IslamSunni Islam
Khmer AustroasiaticKhmer Cambodia, Mekong Delta, Isan Northern Khmer people, Khmer Krom and Significant populations in the United States Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Khonds DravidianKui Kandhamal (India) Hinduism
Khorasani Turks TurkicOghuzKhorasani Turkic Khorasan (Iran) Islam → Shia Islam
Khwarshi Northeast CaucasianTsezicKhwarshi Tsumadinsky District (Russia) IslamSunni Islam
Kiga Niger–CongoBantuNkore-KigaKiga Uganda, Rwanda Christianity → Catholicism, Christianity → Protestantism
Kikuyu Niger–CongoBantuKikuyu Central Province (Kenya) Christianity
Kilba AfroasiaticChadicHuba Hong (Nigeria) Christianity
Kinga Niger–CongoBantuKinga Kipengere Range (Njombe Region, Tanzania) Christianity, Traditional African religion
Kiowa TanoanKiowa Oklahoma (United States) Christianity, Native American Church
Kirantis Sino-TibetanKiranti[note 1] Eastern Region (Nepal) Limbu, Sunuwar, Yakkha (including Athpare), Rai (including Kulung, Bantawa, and Bahing) Kirat Mundhum
Kiribati AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOceanicMicronesianGilbertese Gilbert Islands (Kiribati) Christianity
Kissi Niger–CongoWest AtlanticMelKissi Guinea, Sierra Leone Christianity
Kofyar AfroasiaticChadicKofyar Plateau State (Nigeria) Traditional African religions
Komi UralicPermicKomi Russia (Komi Republic, Permyakia) Komi-Zyrians, Komi-Permyaks, Izhma Komi Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Kongo Niger–CongoBantuKongo Kongoland (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Angola) Lari, Vili, Yombe, Suundi, Dondo, Hangala, Kugni, Manyanga, Beembe Christianity
Konjo Niger–CongoBantuKonjo Rwenzori Mountains (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda) Nande Christianity
Konkani Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanKonkani Konkan (India) Luso-Indians Hinduism
Konso AfroasiaticCushiticKonso Konso (Ethiopia) Traditional African religions
Koreans Koreanic languages,[note 1] JSLicKorean Sign Korea (North Korea, South Korea) North Koreans (including North Koreans in South Korea), South Koreans, Jeju Islanders, Koryo-saram, Sakhalin Koreans, Zainichi Koreans, along with significant populations in the United States, Canada, Mexico, Cuba, Guatemala, Russia (including North Koreans, Koryo-saram, and Sakhalin Koreans), China, Japan (including Zainichi Koreans), Vietnam, Thailand, Singapore, the Philippines, Indonesia, Mongolia, Iran, Nepal, Taiwan, Sri Lanka, India, the Arab world, Africa (including South Africa), Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Venezuela, Australia, New Zealand, Micronesia, Peru, Chile, Uruguay, Germany, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and the Czech Republic Christianity[note 28]Protestantism and Catholicism, Buddhism → Mahayana BuddhismKorean Buddhism, Korean shamanism, Cheondoism
Koryaks Chukotko-KamchatkanChukotkanKoryak Koryak Okrug (Russia) ChristianityOrthodox Christianity, Shamanism
Kosraeans AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOceanicMicronesianKosraean Kosrae (Federated States of Micronesia) Christianity
Kpelle Niger–CongoMandeKpelle Liberia, Guinea Traditional African religions
Kposo Niger–CongoKwaGhana–Togo MountainKposo Plateaux (Togo), Ghana Christianity → Catholicism
Kristang Indo-EuropeanRomancePortugueseKristang Malaysia, Singapore ChristianityCatholicism
Kru Niger–CongoKru[note 1] Liberia (Grand Kru and Maryland Counties) Aizi, Bété, Bakwé, Grebo, Krahn (including Sapo), Kuwaa Christianity
Kulin Pama-NyunganKulinicKulin Victoria (Australia) Alcheringa
Kumandins TurkicSiberian TurkicNorthern Altai → Kumandy Russia (Altai Krai, Altai Republic) Christianity → Eastern OrthodoxyRussian Orthodoxy
Kumyks TurkicKipchakKumyk Dagestan (Russia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Kumzari Indo-EuropeanIndo-IranianIranianWestern IranianSouthwestern Kumzar (Oman) Islam → Ibadi Islam, Sunni Islam
Kunama Nilo-SaharanKunama Eritrea, Ethiopia Christianity → Oriental Orthodoxy
Kurds Indo-EuropeanIranianKurdish,[note 1] Indo-EuropeanIndo-IranianZaza–Gorani,[note 1] Kurdish Sign Kurdistan (Iraq, Iran, Syria, Turkey, Armenia) Bajalan, Zazas, Feylis, Iranian Laks, Yazidis, Shabak, Muzuri, along with significant populations in France and Germany Islam → Sunni Islam
Kuria Niger–CongoBantuKuria Kenya, Tanzania Traditional African religions, Christianity
Kurukh DravidianKurukh Chota Nagpur Plateau (India) Kisan Sarnaism, Christianity, Hinduism, Animism
Kuteb Niger–CongoJukunoidKuteb Taraba State (Nigeria) Christianity
Kwakwaka'wakw WakashanKwak'wala British Columbia (Canada) Native American religion
Kwaya Niger–CongoBantuKwaya Mara Region (Tanzania)
Kwere Niger–CongoBantuKwere Bagamoyo District (Pwani Region, Tanzania)
Kwinti Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishKwinti Suriname ChristianityMoravian Church
Kyrgyz TurkicKipchakKyrgyz Kyrgyzstan Islam → Sunni IslamHanafi
Ladins Indo-EuropeanRomanceLadin Ladinia (Italy)
Laks Northeast CaucasianLak Lakia (Russia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Lamaholot AustronesianFlores–LembataLamaholot Solor (Indonesia) Christianity → Catholicism
Lampungs AustronesianLampung Lampung (Indonesia) Islam
Lao Kra–DaiTaiLao Laos Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Larrakia Larrakia Northern Territory (Australia) Alcheringa
Latvians Indo-EuropeanBalticLatvian Latvia Latgalians, Kursenieki, Selonians Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Laz KartvelianLaz[note 50] Lazistan (Turkey, Georgia) Turkish Laz, Georgian Laz Islam → Sunni Islam
Lega Niger–CongoBantuLega Democratic Republic of the Congo Traditional African religions
Lemba Niger–CongoBantuVenda, Niger–CongoBantuShona Zimbabwe, South Africa, Malawi, Mozambique Christianity, Islam, Judaism
Lenape AlgonquinMunsee, Unami United States traditional Lenape religion
Lezgins Northeast CaucasianLezgicLezgian Lezgistan (Russia, Azerbaijan) Aghuls, Archin, Budukhs, Jeks, Kryts, Rutuls, Tabasarans, Tsakhurs Islam → Sunni Islam
Lhoba Adi, Bokar, Idu Mishmi[note 51] Tibet (Arunachal Pradesh) Nishi, Na, Galo, Mishmi people, Tagin, Adi Animism, Buddhism
Li Kra–DaiHlai[note 1] Hainan (China) Islam → Sunni Islam
Limba Niger–CongoLimba Sierra Leone (Bombali and Koinadugu Districts) Christianity
Lisu Sino-TibetanLoloishLisu China, Myanmar Lipo Christianity → ProtestantismLisu Christianity
Lithuanians Indo-EuropeanBalticLithuanian, Lithuanian Sign Lithuania Samogitians, Aukstaitians, Lietuvninkai, along with significant populations in the United States, Canada, Brazil, Poland and the United Kingdom Christianity → Catholicism
Livonians UralicFinnicLivonian Latvia, Estonia Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Louisiana Creoles Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchLouisiana Creole, Indo-EuropeanRomanceLouisiana French, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish Louisiana (United States) Cajuns, Creoles of color, Alabama Creoles ChristianityCatholicism, Louisiana Voodoo
Luba Niger–CongoBantuLuban[note 1] Lubaland (Democratic Republic of the Congo) Luba-Kasai, Luba-Katanga, Hemba (including Bangubangu), Songe, Lulua Christianity
Luhya Niger–CongoBantuLuhya Western Province (Kenya) Bukusu, Idakho, Isukha, Kabras, Khayo, Kisa, Marachi, Maragoli, Marama, Nyole, Samia, Tachoni, Tiriki, Tsotso, Wanga, Christianity
Luo Nilo-SaharanNiloticLuoDholuo Kenya Christianity
Lurs Indo-EuropeanIranianLuri Iran (Lorestan, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad, Khuzestan, Bushehr, and Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Provinces) Bakhtiari, Iranian Laks Islam → Shia Islam
Luritja Pama-NyunganWatiLuritja Northern Territory (Australia) Alcheringa
Luxembourgers Indo-EuropeanGermanicMoselle FranconianLuxembourgish Luxembourg, Arelerland (Belgium) Significant populations in Brazil and the United States Christianity → Catholicism
Maasai Nilo-SaharanNiloticMaasai Maasailand (Tanzania, Kenya) Samburu, Arusha, Kwavi Traditional African religions
Macanese Indo-EuropeanRomancePortugueseMacanese Patois, Sino-TibetanSiniticCantonese Macau (China) ChristianityCatholicism
Macedonians Indo-EuropeanSlavicMacedonian North Macedonia Torbesh, Mijaks, along with significant populations in Australia, Germany, Italy, Switzerland and Greece Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Macushi CaribanMacushi Rupununi (Guyana), Roraima (Brazil) Shamanism
Madi Nilo-SaharanCentral SudanicMa'di Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Uganda Christianity
Madurese AustronesianMadurese Madura (Indonesia)[note 52] Boyanese Islam → Sunni IslamShafi'i
Mafa AfroasiaticChadicMafa Cameroon Christianity
Magahi Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBihariMagahi Magadha (India) Hinduism
Magars Sino-TibetanMagar[note 53] Nepal Ale, Gharti, Chantayal, Saru, Pun Hinduism, Buddhism
Maguindanao AustronesianPhilippineMaguindanao Maguindanao (Philippines) Islam
Maithils Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBihariMaithili Mithila (India, Nepal) Karan Kayastha, Brahmin, Chhetri, Vaisya Hinduism
Makah WakashanMakah Washington (United States) Native American religion
Makassarese AustronesianSouth SulawesiMakassarese South Sulawesi (Indonesia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Makonde Niger–CongoBantuMakonde Tanzania, Mueda Plateau (Mozambique) Machinga Islam
Makua Niger–CongoBantuMakhuwa Mozambique Lomwe, Chuwabu, Moniga, Koti, Nathembo Traditional African religions
Malagasy AustronesianMalagasy Madagascar, Comoros, Mayotte, Réunion, Mauritius Merina, Sihanaka, Betsileo, Zafimaniry, Antaifasy, Antemoro, Antaisaka, Antambahoaka, Tandroy, Antankarana, Antanosy, Bara, Betsimisaraka, Bezanozano, Mahafaly, Makoa, Mikea, Sakalava, Tanala, Tsimihety, Vezo Christianity
Malayali DravidianMalayalamoidMalayalam Kerala (India) Ambalavasi, Dheevara, Nair, Paravar, Mappilas, Ezhava, Latheen Mappilas, St. Thomas Christians along with significant populations in the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar, Kuwait and Bahrain Hinduism,Islam,Christianity
Malays AustronesianMalayicMalay, AustronesianMalayicMalaySri Lanka Malay Malay world (Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Brunei) Bruneians, Kedahans, Pattani, Pahang, Musi, Palembangese, Pontianaks, Terengganuarians, Kelantanese, Perakians, Berau, Proto-Malay (including Orang Kuala, Jakun, Orang Rimba, Orang Seletar, and Temuan), Lubu, Palembangnese, Cape Malays, Cocos Malays, Bangka Malays, Sri Lankan Malays Islam → Sunni Islam
Maldivians Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanMaldivian Maldives, Minicoy Mahls Islam → Sunni Islam
Maltese AfroasiaticSemiticArabicMaltese Malta Gozitans Christianity → Catholicism
Mambila Niger–CongoMambila Mambilla Plateau (Nigeria, Cameroon) Somyev Traditional African religions
Manchus Tungusic → Southern Tungusic → Manchu[note 54] Manchuria Significant populations in Taiwan Shamanism
Mandaeans AfroasiaticSemiticAramaicMandaic Southern Mesopotamia Iraq, Iran Mandaeism
Mandarese AustronesianSouth SulawesiMandar West Sulawesi (Indonesia) Islam
Mandinka Niger–CongoMandeManding[note 1] Mali, The Gambia, Guinea, Senegal Bolon Islam
Manggarai AustronesianSumba–FloresManggarai Manggarai (Indonesia) Christianity
Manjak Niger–CongoWest AtlanticSenegambianManjak Guinea-Bissau, Senegal Traditional African religions
Manx Indo-EuropeanCelticManx Isle of Man (Crown Dependency) Manx Americans, Christianity → Protestantism
Māori AustronesianPolynesianMāori[note 55] New Zealand Cook Islanders Christianity
Mapuche Mapudungun[note 56] Araucanía (Chile, Argentina) Huilliche, along with Mestizos such as Chileans Christianity
Maranao AustronesianPhilippineMaranao Lanao (Philippines) Islam
Marathi Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanMarathi Maharashtra (India) Mahar, Maratha, Kunbi, Dhangar, Bhoi Hinduism
Maris UralicMari[note 1] Mari El (Russia) Meadow Mari, Hill Mari, Northwestern Mari, Eastern Mari, Mountain Mari Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy, Mari Native Religion
Maronites AfroasiaticSemiticWestern Aramaic[note 1][note 57] Lebanon Significant populations in Syria, Cyprus and Israel along with the greater Lebanese diaspora Christianity → Maronite Catholicism
Marshallese AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOceanicMicronesianMarshallese Marshall Islands ChristianityProtestantism
Masa AfroasiaticChadicMasana Cameroon, Chad Christianity, Islam[citation needed]
Masalit Nilo-SaharanMasalit Sudan, Chad Islam → Sunni Islam
Matagi Ani, Shirakami-Sanchi (Japan)
Matawai Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishSaramaccan Suriname ChristianityMoravian Church
Mauritian Creoles Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchMauritian Creole Mauritius ChristianityCatholicism, Rastafarianism
Maya Mayan,[note 1] Mayan Sign Guatemala, Belize, Mexico (Yucatán, Campeche, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Chiapas) Maya, Achi, Chuj, Chʼortiʼ, Itza, Kʼicheʼ, Qʼeqchiʼ, Xinca, Tektitek, Huastecan, Mopan, Lacandon, Chontal, Akatek, Jakaltek, Qʼanjobʼal, Tzeltal, Mochoʼ, Tojolab'al, Mam, Ixil, Tzotzil, Poqomam, Yucatecan Maya, Motozintlecos, Awakatek, Kaqchikel, Sakapultek, Sipakapense, Uspantek, Ch'ol, Tzʼutujil, along with Mestizos such as Guatemalans (including Hispanic Belizeans) and Mexicans Christianity → Catholicism
Mazahua Oto-MangueanOto-PameanMazahua State of Mexico (Mexico) Christianity → Catholicism
Mazandaranis Indo-EuropeanIranianWestern IranianMazanderani Mazandaran, Iran Islam → Shia Islam
Mazatec Oto-MangueanPopolocanMazatecan[note 1] Oaxaca (Mexico) Ayautla Christianity → Catholicism
Mbaka Niger–CongoUbangianMbaka Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo Christianity → Catholicism
Megleno-Romanians Indo-EuropeanRomanceMegleno-Romanian Almopia (Greece) Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy, Islam → Sunni Islam
Mehri AfroasiaticSemiticMehri Mahra (Yemen, Oman) Islam
Meitei Sino-TibetanKuki-Chin–NagaMeitei Manipur (India) Loi Hinduism → Vaishnavism
Melanau AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianMelanau Sarawak (Malaysia) Islam
Mende Niger–CongoMandeMende Sierra Leone (Southern and Eastern Provinces) Islam
Métis Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchMichif, Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrench languageMétis French, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishBungi Canadian Praries (Canada) Christianity
Mien Hmong–MienMienic[note 1] China (Hunan, Guizhou), Vietnam Iu Mien, Kim Mun, Dzao Min, Biao Min, Bunu, Lakkia, Biao Mon, San Diu Yao folk religion
Mijikenda Niger–CongoBantuMijikenda Coast Province (Kenya) Chonyi, Giriama, Digo, Segeju Christianity
Minahasan AustronesianPhilippineMinahasan[note 1], AustronesianMalayicMalayManado Malay Minahasa Peninsula (Indonesia) Tonsawang, Tontemboan, Tondano, Tombulu, Tonsea Christianity → Protestantism
Minangkabau AustronesianMalayicMinangkabau Minangkabau Highlands (Indonesia) Aneuk Jamee Islam → Sunni Islam
Mising Sino-TibetanTaniMising India (Assam, Arunachal Pradesh) Donyi-Polo
Miskito MisumalpanMiskito Mosquito Coast (Nicaragua, Honduras) Christianity → ProtestantismMoravian Church
Mixe Mixe–ZoqueMixe[note 1] Oaxaca (Mexico) Christianity → Catholicism
Mixtec Oto-MangueanMixtecanMixtec La Mixteca (Mexico) Triqui, Cuicatecs, Amoltepec Christianity → Catholicism
Miꞌkmaq AlgicAlgonquianMiꞌkmaq[note 26] Miꞌkmaꞌki (Canada) Christianity → Catholicism
Moldovans Indo-EuropeanRomanceRomanianMoldovan, Francosign → Austro-Hungarian Sign → Moldova Sign Moldova Significant populations in Romania, Ukraine, Russia, and the United States Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Mon AustroasiaticMon Mon State (Myanmar) Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Monacans SiouanOhio Valley SiouanTutelo[note 58]
Mongo Niger–CongoBantuMongo Democratic Republic of the Congo (Équateur, Tshuapa, Mongala, Nord-Ubangi, Sud-Ubangi) Bolia, Ntomba, Ngando, Iyaelima, Mbole, Mpama, Nkutu, Sengele, Hendo, Dengese, Tetela Christianity
Mongols Mongolic,[note 1] Francosign → Austro-Hungarian Sign → Mongolian Sign Inner Mongolia, Dorbetia, Bayingolin, Dzungaria, Subei-Mongolia, Santania, Kharchinia (China), Mongolia, Buryatia, Ust-Orda, Aginia, Kalmykia

(Russia)

Khalkha, Buryats (including Barga), Oirats, Kalmyks, Daur, Moghols, Hamnigan, Tsagaan, Yugur, Khatso, Bonan, Sart Kalmyks, Soyot, Sichuan Mongols, Sogwo Arig, Altai Uriankhai, Ordos, Kanja, Sogwo Arig, Mughals, Santa, Naimans, Dariganga, Khorchin, Kharchin, Köke Nuur, Chaharian, Jalairs, Gorlos, Sartuul, Myangad, Tubalar, Uzemchin, Uradian, Tumed, Baarins, Tofalar, Zakhchin, Hishigten, Dorbet, Muumyangan, Dukhan, Jalaids, Abaganar, Chantuu, Olot, Sunud, Eastern Dorbet, Aohans, Onnigud, Khoshut, Abagas, Khotons, Alasha, Khoid, Eljigin, Choros, Qaidam, Fujin Buddhism → Tibetan Buddhism,
Mongondow AustronesianPhilippineMongondow Mongondowia (Indonesia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Montenegrins Indo-EuropeanSlavicSerbo-CroatianMontenegrin Montenegro Significant populations in Serbia and the United States Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Mordvins UralicMordvinic[note 1] Mordovia (Russia) Erzyas, Mokshas, Qaratays, Teryukhans, Tengushev, Shoksha Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Moriori Tahitic → Māori–Moriori → Moriori[note 59] Chatham Islands (New Zealand) Christianity including Rātana
Mormon[2] English Mountain States (United States) Mormonism
Mossi Niger–CongoGurMossi Mossiland (Burkina Faso) Islam
Motu AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianMotu Central Province (Papua New Guinea) Christianity, Shamanism
Mumuye Niger–CongoAdamawaMumuye Taraba State (Nigeria) Traditional African religions
Munanese AustronesianCelebicMunanese[note 1] Muna (Indonesia) Islam
Mundas AustroasiaticMundaMundari India (Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal) Sabar, Mahali Sarnaism
Murut AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianMurutic[note 1] Murutia (Malaysia) Okolod, Keningau, Tagal, Paluan, Selungai, Timugon, Serudung, Sembakung, Tidong, Kalabakan, Bulungan, Bookan Christianity → Catholicism
Muscogee Muskogean → Eastern Muskogean → Muscogee,[note 22] Muskogean → Eastern Muskogean → Mikasuki, Yuchi language United States (Alabama, Tennessee, Georgia)[note 23] Coushatta, Alibamu, Hitchiti, Natchez, Seminoles (including Black Seminoles and Mascogos), Yuchi, Shawnee, Creoles of color, Miccosukee Native American religionCreek mythology
Musgum AfroasiaticChadicMusgu Far North Region (Cameroon), Chad (Chari-Baguirmi, Mayo-Kebbi Est) Islam
Mwera Niger–CongoBantuMwera Tanzania (Mtwara and Ruvuma Regions) Islam
Nagas Sino-TibetanTibeto-BurmanKuki-Chin–Naga[note 1][note 60] India (Nagaland, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam), Myanmar (Naga Self-Administered Zone) Angami, Ao, Chakhesang (including Chokri and Khezha), Chang, Khiamniungan, Konyak, Lotha, Mao, Maram, Maring, Nocte, Phom, Pochury, Poumai, Rengma, Sangtam, Sümi, Tangkhul, Tangsa, Tikhir, Wancho, Yimkhiung, Zeliangrong (Zemi, Liangmei, Rongmei/Kabui), Lamkang Naga Christianity → ProtestantismBaptists
Nagpuri Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBihariSadri Chota Nagpur Plateau (India) Chik Baraik Hinduism
Nahuas Uto-AztecanNahuanNahuatl Mexico Huasteca Nahuas, Mexicaneros, Sierra Puebla Nahuas, Guerrero Nahuas, Orizaba Nahuas, Southeastern Puebla Nahuas, Central Nahuas, Pipil, along with Mestizos such as Mexicans Christianity → Catholicism
Nama KhoeKhoekhoe Namaland (Namibia), South Africa Oorlams Christianity
Naso ChibchanTalamancaTeribe Bocas del Toro (Panama) Native American religion
Nauruans AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianNauruan Nauru Christianity → Protestantism
Navajo Dené–YeniseianNa-DeneApacheanNavajo, Navajo Family Sign Navajo Nation (United States) Christianity → Catholicism
Newars Sino-TibetanNewar Kathmandu Valley (Nepal) Rajupadhaya, Rajbhandari, Pradhan, Malla, Shrestha, Shakya, Chitrakar Hinduism, Buddhism
Nez Perce Plateau PenutianSahaptianNez Perce, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish Idaho, Washington (United States) Waashat Religion, Christianity
Ngabe ChibchanGuaymi Ngabe-Bugle Comarca (Panama) ChristianityCatholicism
Ngaju AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianBaritoNgaju Central Kalimantan (Indonesia) Bakumpai, Meratus Kaharingan
Ngalop Sino-TibetanTibeticDzongkha Bhutan Kheng, Bumthang Buddhism → Tibetan Buddhism
Ngbandi Niger–CongoUbangianNgbandi Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic Yakoma Christianity
Nias AustronesianNorthwest Sumatra–Barrier IslandsNias Nias (Indonesia) Christianity
Nicobarese AustroasiaticNicobarese Nicobar Islands (India) Christianity, Animism
Nivkhs Nivkh Khabarovsk Krai, Sakhalin Oblast (Russia) Shamanism
Nkole Niger–CongoBantuNkore-KigaNkore Ankole, Uganda Christianity, Ruhanga
Nogais TurkicKipchakNogai Russia (Stavropol Krai, Dagestan) Ak Nogai, Karagash Islam → Sunni Islam
Northern Tutchone Na-DeneAthabaskanTutchone Yukon Territory (Canada) Native American religion
Norwegians Indo-EuropeanGermanicNordicNorwegian Norway Kola Norwegians, Svalbarders, along with Significant populations in the United States, and Norwegian Canadians Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Nubians Nilo-SaharanNubian[note 1] Nubia (Egypt, Sudan) Nobiin, Mattokki, Dongolawi, Midob, Hill Nubians (including Dilling, Debri, Ghulfan, Kadaru, Karko, and Wali), Birgid, Ja'alin (including Bedaria), Shaigiya Islam
Nuer Nilo-SaharanNiloticNuer Nuerland (South Sudan) Traditional African religions
Nùng Kra–DaiTaiZhuangNung Vietnam, Guangxi (China) Animism
Nuristanis Indo-EuropeanNuristani[note 1] Nuristan (Afghanistan) Safed-Posh Kaffirs (including Askunis), Kamkata-viris (including Kata and Kom) Islam → Sunni Islam
Nuu-chah-nulth WakashanNuu-chah-nulth British Columbia (Canada) Native American religion
Nuxalk SalishanNuxalk British Columbia (Canada) Native American religion
Nyambo Niger–CongoBantuNyambo Karagwe District, Kagera Region, Tanzania
Nyishi Sino-TibetanTaniNishi Arunachal Pradesh (India) Christianity
Ōbeikei Islanders Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish languageBonin English Bonin Islands (Japan) Christianity, Buddhism, Shintoism
Occitans Indo-EuropeanRomanceOccitan[note 20] Occitania (France, Italy, Spain) Aranese, Auvergnats, Provençals, Languedociens, Gascons, Niçois Christianity
Odia Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanOdia Odisha (India) Utkala Brahmins, Khandayat, Bonaz, Badu; Bairagi (Oriya); Barika; Chaikwa; Chatarkheya; Dhobi, Oriya; Ganrar; Ghantarghada; Girigiria; Gond (Oriya); Haddi; Jhodia; Kobari; Koraga; Kuliya; Lohar, Oriya; Mali, Oriya; Malia; Panka (Oriya); Paroja; Patra; Radhi; Sannyasi; Teli, Oriya; Thanapati; Thoria Hinduism
Ogoni Niger–CongoCross RiverOgoni[note 1] Ogoniland (Nigeria) Baan, Eleme, Gokana, Tẹẹ Christianity
Ojibwe AlgicAlgonquianOjibwe[note 61] Anishinaabeland (Canada, United States) Oji-Cree, Odawa, Potawatomi, Mississaugas, Findians Midewiwin
Onge OnganOnge Little Andaman Island (India) Animism
Oromo AfroasiaticCushiticOromo Oromia (Ethiopia), Kenya Boorana, Barento, Salale, Machaa, Arsi, Wollo Islam → Sunni Islam
Oroqens Tungusic → Northern Tungusic → Oroqen Heilongjiang, Inner Mongolia (China)
Ossetians Indo-EuropeanIranianOssetian South Ossetia, North Ossetia–Alania (Russia) Iron, Digor, Jasz, Kudar, Trialeti Ossetians Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Ot Danum AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOt Danum Indonesia (West and Central Kalimantan) Lawangan, Ma'anyan Kaharingan
Otomi Oto-MangueanOtomianOtomi Mexico (Hidalgo, Puebla, Veracruz, State of Mexico, Querétaro) Christianity → Catholicism
Ovambo Niger–CongoBantuOvambo Ovamboland (Namibia), Angola Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Ovimbundu Niger–CongoBantuUmbundu Angola Christianity
Palau AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianPalauan Christianity, Modekngei
Palawa Tasmanian languages[note 1] Alcheringa
Pamiris Indo-EuropeanIranianPamir[note 1] Pamir Mountains (Tajikistan, Afghanistan, China) Shughni, Sarikoli (including Tajiks of Xinjiang), Yazghulami, Munji, Yidgha, Sanglechi, Ishkashimi, Wakhi Islam → Shia IslamIsma'ilism
Pangasinese AustronesianPhilippinePangasinan Pangasinan (Philippines) Christianity → Catholicism
Papel Niger–CongoAtlanticSenegambianPapel Biombo Region (Guinea-Bissau) Christianity → Catholicism
Paramaccan Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishNdyuka Pamacca (Suriname) Winti
Pare Niger–CongoBantuPare Pare Mountains (Tanzania) Islam
Parsis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanGujarati languagesGujarati Indian subcontinent India and Pakistan Zoroastrianism
Pashayi Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanDardicPashayi[note 1] Afghanistan (Laghman, Kapisa and Nangarhar Provinces) Islam
Pashtuns Indo-EuropeanIranianPashto Pashtunistan (Afghanistan, Pakistan) Pashtun Americans, Kakar Islam → Sunni Islam
Pataxo MaxakalianPataxo Bahia (Brazil) Shamanism
Pedi Niger–CongoBantuSotho–TswanaSepedi Limpopo (South Africa) Christianity
Pende Niger–CongoBantuPende Democratic Republic of the Congo Christianity
Persians Indo-EuropeanIranianPersian Iran Tat, along with significant populations in the United States, the United Arab Emirates, Canada, Germany, the United Kingdom, Bahrain, Australia, and Sweden Islam → Shia Islam
Pitcairn Islanders Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishPitkern Pitcairn Islands Significant population in Norfolk Island, along with a diaspora in Australia, and New Zealand[3] ChristianityProtestantism
Pitjantjara Pama-NyunganWatiPitjantjara Central Australia Alcheringa
Podlashuks Indo-EuropeanSlavicUkrainian or BelarusianPodlachian Podlachia (Poland) Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy, Christianity → Catholicism
Pohnpeian AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOceanicMicronesianPohnpeian Pohnpei (Federated States of Micronesia) Christianity
Poles Indo-EuropeanSlavicPolish Poland Podlachians, Masurians, Greater Polish, and Warmians, as well as Significant populations in the United States, Brazil, Germany, Canada, Iceland, Sweden, France, the United Kingdom, Argentina, Belarus, Russia, Australia, Lithuania, Ukraine, Ireland, and Norway Christianity → Catholicism
Portuguese Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguese, Indo-EuropeanRomanceMinderico, Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguese and SpanishBarranquenho, SSLicPortuguese Sign Portugal Azoreans, Madeirans, Barranquenhos, along with numerous colonial descendants such as Brazilians (including Ribeirinhos and Pardo Brazilians), São Toméans, Portuguese Angolans, Portuguese Mozambicans, Luso-Indians Christianity → Catholicism
Potiguara TupianPotiguara, Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguese Paraiba (Brazil) Shamanism
Punjabis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanPunjabi Punjab (Pakistan, India) Sikhs, Gujjars, Jat, Khatris, Arain, Awan, along with significant populations in the United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States. Islam → Sunni Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism
Purépecha Purépecha Michoacán (Mexico) Christianity → Catholicism
Qashqai TurkicOghuzQashqai Fars Province (Iran) Islam → Shia Islam
Qiang Sino-TibetanQiangic[note 1] Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture (China) Qiang folk religion
Quechua Quechuan[note 1] Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Colombia, Argentina Ayacucho, North Bolivian, South Bolivian, Cajamarca-Cañaris, Chachapoyas, Central, Cusco, Inga, Lamas, Kichwa, Pacaraos, Puno, Santiagueño along with Mestizos such as Peruvians, Ecuadorians, and Bolivians Christianity → Catholicism
Quileute ChimakuanQuileute Washington (United States) Native American religion
Rade AustronesianChamicRade Central Highlands, Vietnam Christianity
Raizal Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishSan Andres-Providencia Creole Archipelago of San Andres, Providencia, and Santa Catalina (Colombia) Christianity
Rajasthanis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanHindustaniRajasthani Rajasthan (India) Banjara, Gurjars, Rajputs (including Mahyavanshi, Chandels, and Molesalam), Marwari, Charan, Kachhi, Meena Hinduism
Rajbongshi Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanKamtapuri India (Assam, West Bengal), Bangladesh Hinduism
Rakhine Sino-TibetanBurmeseArakanese Rakhine State (Myanmar) Marma Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Rapa Nui AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOceanicPolynesianRapa Nui Easter Island (Chile) Catholicism
Rejangese AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianLand DayakRejang Rejang Lebong Regency (Indonesia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Rohingyas Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanRohingya Rakhine State (Myanmar) Islam
Roma Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanRomani Europe (Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania, North Macedonia, Serbia, Slovakia, Czech Republic)[note 31] Roma (including Austrian Roma), Iberian Kale, Finnish Kale, Welsh Kale, Romanichal, Sinti, Manush, Romanisæl, Ashkali and Balkan Egyptians, Boyash, Lom, Dom (including Halebi, Lori, and Madari), along with significant populations in the United States, and Brazil. Christianity
Romanians Indo-EuropeanRomanceRomanian Romania, Moldova Wallachians (including Oltenians and Muntenians), Moldavians, along with significant populations in Italy, Germany, Spain, Ukraine, the United Kingdom, France, and the United States. Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Romansh Indo-EuropeanRomanceRomansh Grisons (Switzerland) Christianity
Russians Indo-EuropeanSlavicRussian, FrancosignRussian Sign Russia, Donetsk, Luhansk Cossacks, Pomors, Lipovans, Subbotniks, Molokans (including Subbotnik Molokans) along with significant populations in Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Germany, the United States, Uzbekistan, Israel, Brazil, Belarus, Canada, Latvia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Estonia, Turkmenistan, France, Lithuania, China (including Hong Kong), Taiwan, and Azerbaijan. Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Rusyns Indo-EuropeanSlavicRusyn Carpathian Ruthenia (Ukraine, Slovakia, Poland)[note 62] Pannonian Rusyns, Lemkos, Hutsuls, Boykos Christianity
Ryukyuans JaponicRyukyuan,[note 1][note 63] Koniya Sign Ryukyu Islands (Japan) Amami (including Kikai, Amami Ōshima (including Setouchi), Tokunoshima, Okinoerabu, and Yoron), Okinawans (including Kunigami) Miyako, Yaeyama, Yonaguni, with significant populations in Brazil, Bolivia [ja] and the United States (including Hawaii) Ryukyuan religion
Saho AfroasiaticCushiticSaho Eritrea
Sahrawis Afro-AsiaticSemiticArabicHassaniya Arabic, Afro-AsiaticBerber languages[note 1] Western Sahara IslamSunni Islam
Saint Thomas Christians DravidianMalayalam Kerala (India) Knanayas ChristianitySaint Thomas Christianity
Sakizaya AustronesianEast FormosanSakizaya Hualien County (Taiwan) Animism, Christianity
Salar TurkicOghuzSalar China (Qinghai, Gansu) Islam → Sunni Islam
Sama-Bajau AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianBaritoSama–Bajaw[note 1] Maritime Southeast Asia (Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei)[note 31] Sama (including Banguingui), Bajaw, Abaknon Islam → Sunni Islam
Samaná Americans Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishSamaná English Samaná Province (Dominican Republic) Christianity → ProtestantismMethodism
Samaritans Afro-AsiaticSemiticHebrew Israel Samaritanism
Sambal AustronesianPhilippineSambalic[note 1] Zambales (Philippines) Bolinao, Botolan (including Banguingui) Christianity → Catholicism
Sámi UralicSámi[note 1] Sápmi (Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia) Inari Sámi, Kildin Sami, Lule Sami, Northern Sami, Pite Sami, Skolt Sami, Southern Sámi, Ter Sami, Ume Sámi Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Samoans AustronesianPolynesianSamoan Samoan Islands (Samoa, American Samoa) American Samoans Christianity
Sangirese AustronesianPhilippineSangirese Sangihe Islands (Indonesia) Christianity → Protestantism
Santal AustroasiaticMundaSantali India (West Bengal, Jharkhand, Odisha)[note 3] Christianity → Catholicism
Sara Nilo-SaharanCentral SudanicSara[note 1] Chad, Central African Republic Ngambay, Doba, Laka, Kabba, Sar, Mbay, Ngam, Dagba, Gulay Traditional African religions
Saramaka Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishSaramaccan Suriname Winti, ChristianityMoravian Church
Sardinians Indo-EuropeanRomanceSardinian,[note 1] Indo-EuropeanRomanceSassarese, Indo-EuropeanRomanceGallurese Sardinia (Italy) Logudorese, Campidanese, Sassarese, Gallurese Christianity → Catholicism
Sasak AustronesianSasak Lombok (Indonesia) Islam
Saurashtras Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanSaurashtra South India (India) Hinduism → Vaishnavism, Hinduism → Shaivism
Savu AustronesianSumba–FloresSumbaHawu Savu (Indonesia) Christianity → Protestantism
Scots Indo-EuropeanGermanicScots, Indo-EuropeanCelticScottish Gaelic,[note 25] Indo-EuropeanCelticBeurla Reagaird, BANZSLBritish Sign Scotland (United Kingdom) Ulster Scots, Orcadians, Shetlanders, Highlanders, Lowlanders, along with significant populations in the United States (including Scotch-Irish Americans), Canada (including Scotch-Irish Canadians), Australia, Argentina, Russia, and the Bahamas Christianity → ProtestantismCalvinism
Semnanis Indo-EuropeanIranianWestern IranianSemnani Semnan, Iran Islam → Shia IslamTwelver Shi'ism
Sentinelese Sentinelese Nort Sentinel Island (India)
Senufo Niger–CongoSenufo[note 1] Mali, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso Nafana, Minyanka Traditional African religions
Serbs Indo-EuropeanSlavicSerbo-CroatianSerbian Serbia, Republika Srpska (Bosnia and Herzegovina), Montenegro Kosovo Serbs, Triestine Serbs, along with significant populations in Croatia, Germany, Austria, France, and Sweden Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Serer Niger–CongoWest AtlanticSenegambianSerer Senegal Laalaa, Ndut, Niominka, Serer-Noon, Palor, Saafi Islam
Setos UralicFinnicSouth EstonianSeto Setomaa (Setomaa Parish, Estonia and Pechorsky District, Russia) Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy, Folk religion
Seychellois Creoles Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchSeychellois Creole Seychelles ChristianityCatholicism
Shan Kra–DaiTaiShan Shan State (Myanmar) Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Sharchops Sino-TibetanTshangla Bhutan (Lhuntse, Mongar, Pemagatshel, Samdrup Jongkhar, Trashigang, and Trashiyangtse Districts) Buddhism → Tibetan Buddhism
Sherbro Niger–CongoAtlanticMelSherbro Sherbro Island (Sierra Leone) Traditional African religions
Shilluk Nilo-SaharanNiloticLuoShilluk South Sudan Gule Christianity → Catholicism
Shina Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanDardicShina Gilgit-Baltistan (Pakistan) Islam
Shirazi Niger-CongoAtlantic-CongoBantuSwahili Swahili Coast (Tanzania), (Kenya), (Mozambique), (Comoros) Zanzibaris, Comorians and Maore IslamSunni Islam
Shompen Shompen Great Nicobar Island (India) Animism
Shona Niger–CongoBantuShona Mashonaland (Zimbabwe) Manyika, Ndau Christianity
Shopi Indo-EuropeanSlavicBulgarian Shopluk (Bulgaria, Serbia, North Macedonia)
Shoshone Uto-AztecanNumicShoshoni Wyoming, Idaho, Nevada, Utah (United States) Eastern Shoshone, Northern Shoshone, Western Shoshone, Goshute Native American Church, Christianity
Sibe TungusicXibe[note 54] China (Liaoning, Jilin, Xinjiang)[note 3] Shamanism[note 28]
Siberian Yupik Eskimo–Aleut → Eskimo languages → Siberian Yupik, Eskimo–Aleut → Eskimo languages → Naukan Chukchi Peninsula (Russia), St. Lawrence Island (United States) Naukan Shamanism
Sicilians Indo-EuropeanRomanceSicilian Sicily (Italy) Sicilian Americans ChristianityCatholicism
Sidama AfroasiaticCushiticSidaama Sidamia (Ethiopia) Christianity
Siddi Niger–CongoBantuSwahili[note 64]Sidi Pakistan (Baluchistan, Sindh), India (Karnataka, Gujarat, Hyderabad) Islam
Sierra Leone Creoles Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishKrio, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishPichinglis Sierra Leone Gambian Creoles, Saros, Krio Fernandinos, with significant populations in the United States Christianity
Sika AustronesianFlores–LembataSika Sikka Regency (Indonesia) Christianity → Catholicism
Silesians Indo-EuropeanSlavicSilesian, Indo-EuropeanGermanicHigh GermanSilesian German Silesia (Poland, Germany, Czech Republic) Significant populations in the United States (including Texas) Christianity → Catholicism, Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Siltʼe AfroasiaticSemiticEthiopicGurageSiltʼe Siltia (Ethiopia) Islam
Sindhis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanSindhi Sindh (Pakistan) Jat, Memon, Arain, Indian Sindhis Islam → Sunni IslamHanafi, Hinduism
Sinhalese Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanSinhala Sri Lanka Dewa, British Sri Lankans, Burghers (including Portuguese Burghers and Dutch Burghers) Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Siona TucanoanWestern TucanoanSiona Sucumbios (Ecuador), Putumayo (Colombia) Animism
Sioux SiouanSioux[note 65] Lakotah (United States) Lakota, Dakota, Nakota Native American religion
Sirenik Eskimo–Aleut → Eskimo languages → Siberian Yupik[note 66] Sireniki (Russia)
Slovaks Indo-EuropeanSlavicSlovak Slovakia significant populations in Czech Republic, Serbia, Hungary, United States and Canada Christianity → Catholicism
Slovenes Indo-EuropeanSlavicSlovene Slovenia Significant populations in the United States, Canada, Australia, Carinthia, Hungary, Uruguay, Venezuela, Argentina, Croatia, and Italy Christianity → Catholicism
Soga Niger–CongoBantuSoga Busoga (Uganda) Christianity, Traditional African religions
Somalis AfroasiaticCushiticSomali Greater Somalia (Somalia, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Kenya) Hawiye, Darod (including Majeerteen), Isaaq, Dir, Rahanweyn, Madhiban, Yibir, Ajuran along with significant populations in the United States, the United Kingdom, Sweden, and Canada Islam → Sunni IslamShafi'i
Songhai Nilo-SaharanSonghai Mali, Niger Zarma Islam
Soninke Niger–CongoMandeSoninke Mali Haratin Islam → Sunni IslamMaliki
Sonsorolese AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOceanicMicronesianSonsorolese Sonsorol Christianity
Soqotris AfroasiaticSemiticSoqotri Socotra (Yemen) Islam
Sorbs Indo-EuropeanSlavicSorbian[note 1] Lusatia (Germany), (Poland) Upper Sorbs, Lower Sorbs ChristianityCatholicism
Sotho Niger–CongoBantuSotho–TswanaSotho Free State (South Africa), Lesotho Christianity
Spaniards Indo-EuropeanRomanceCastilian languages,[note 1] Indo-EuropeanRomanceAsturleonese languages,[note 67] Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguese and SpanishBarranquenho, Spanish Sign Spain[note 68] Castilians, Leonese, Cantabrians, Riojans, Manchegans, Madrilenians, Extremadurans, Murcians, Mirandese, Criollos, Mercheros, Barranquenhos, along with numerous colonial descendants such as Floridanos, Hispanos (including Californios, Tejanos, and Neomexicanos), Mexicans (including Chicanos), Guatemalans (including Hispanic Belizeans), Salvadorans, Hondurans, Nicaraguans, Costa Ricans, Panamanians, Colombians, Venezuelans, Ecuadorians, Peruvians, Bolivians, Paraguayans, Chileans, Argentines, Uruguayans, Cubans, Dominicans, Puerto Ricans (including Nuyoricans), Fernandinos, Spanish Filipinos, Spanish Hawaiians, and Hispanic and Latino Americans Christianity → Catholicism
Sri Lankan Chetties DravidianTamil–KannadaTamil, Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanSinhala Sri Lanka Christianity → Catholicism, Christianity → ProtestantismAnglicanism, Christianity → ProtestantismCalvinism
Sui Kra–DaiKam–SuiSui Sandu Shui Autonomous County (China) Animism
Sukuma Niger–CongoBantuSukuma Tanzania Christianity → Catholicism
Sumba AustronesianSumba–FloresSumba[note 1] Sumba (Indonesia) Anakalangu, East Sumbanese, Kodi, Lamboya, West Sumbanese, Mamboru, Wanukaka Christianity → Protestantism
Sumbawa AustronesianSumbawa Sumbawa (Indonesia) Islam
Sundanese AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianSundanese-Baduy[note 1] Java (Indonesia) Bantenese, Baduy, Cirebonese Islam → Sunni Islam
Surma Nilo-SaharanSurmic[note 1] Ethiopia, South Sudan Me'en, Mursi, Kichepo Traditional African religions
Susu Niger–CongoMandeSusu Guinea, Kambia (Sierra Leone) Islam
Swahili Niger–CongoBantuSwahili Swahili coast (Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Comoros) Shirazi (including Zanzibaris, Comorians and Maore) Islam
Swazi Niger–CongoBantuNguniSwazi Mpumalanga (South Africa), Eswatini Christianity → African Zionism
Swedes Indo-EuropeanGermanicNordicSwedish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicNordicDalecarlian, SSLicSwedish Sign Sweden Scanians, Jamtish, Gutnish, Dalecarlians, along with significant populations in the United States, Canada, Estonia, Argentina and the United Kingdom Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Sylhetis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanSylheti Sylhet Division, Bangladesh

Barak Valley, Assam, India

IslamSunni Islam
Tagalogs AustronesianPhilippineTagalog Philippines Filipino Americans Christianity → Catholicism
Tahitians AustronesianPolynesianTahitian[note 20] Tahiti (France) Christianity
Tajiks Indo-EuropeanIranianPersianTajik, Francosign → Austro-Hungarian Sign → Russian Sign → Tajik Sign Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Chagatai, Kharduri Islam → Sunni Islam
Talysh Indo-EuropeanIranianTalysh Azerbaijan, Iran Islam → Shia Islam
Tama Nilo-SaharanTama Chad, Sudan Islam
Tamangs Sino-TibetanTamang Nepal, Sikkim Waiba, Lopchan, Thokar, Lama Hinduism, Buddhism
Tamils DravidianTamil–KannadaTamil, AustronesianMalayicMalayMalay Chetty Tamil Nadu (India), Sri Lanka (Northern and Eastern Provinces) Indian Tamils (including Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka[note 69]), Sri Lankan Tamils (including Sri Lankan Moors and Negombo Tamils),[note 69], Chitty, along with significant populations in Malaysia, South Africa, the United States, Singapore, Canada, the United Kingdom, and France (including Malbars) Hinduism,Islam,Christianity
Tampuans AustroasiaticBahnaricTampuan Ratanakiri (Cambodia) Animism
Tarok Niger–CongoPlateauTarok Plateau State (Nigeria) Christianity
Tatars TurkicKipchakTatar, TurkicKipchakCrimean Tatar, TurkicKipchakSiberian Tatar Tatarstan (Russia) Volga Tatars (including Astrakhan Tatars, Kryashens, Nağaybäks), Crimean Tatars (including Yaliboylu), Lipka Tatars, Siberian Tatars (including Baraba Tatars, Chats, Eushta Tatars, Kalmak Tatars, Siberian Bukharans, and Zabolotnie Tatars), Mishar Tatars, Finnish Tatars, Dobruja Tatars, Chinese Tatars, Lithuanian Tatars with diaspora populations (including the Crimean Tatar diaspora) in Canada, Japan, Ukraine, Bulgaria, and Turkey Islam → Sunni Islam
Tausūg AustronesianPhilippineBisayanTausug Sulu Archipelago (Philippines) Islam → Sunni Islam
Tboli AustronesianPhilippineTboli South Cotabato (Philippines) Anitism
Teke Niger-CongoAtlantic-CongoBantuTeke Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Telugu DravidianTelugu India (Andhra Pradesh, Telangana) Kamma, Reddy, Velama, Kapu, Raju, Madiga, Mala Hinduism,Islam,Christianity
Temne Niger–CongoWest AtlanticMelTemne Northern Sierra Leone (Sierra Leone) Islam
Terena ArawakanTerena, Brazilian Sign, Terena Sign Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul (Brazil) Shamanism
Thais Kra–DaiTaiThai Thailand Southern Thai, Khorat, Lanna, Tai Lue, Thai Americans Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Tharus Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanTharu Terai Region (India, Nepal) Kathariya, Danuwar, Lampucchwa, Kochila, Sonha, Dangaura, Rana Hinduism, Buddhism
Tibetans Sino-TibetanTibetic,[note 1] Tibetan Sign Tibet (China), Nepal, Bhutan Amdolese (including Golok and Tebbu), Khams, Ü-Tsang (including Ngari and Walung), Changpa, Baima, Kachee Buddhism → Tibetan Buddhism
Ticuna Ticuna-YuriTicuna Amazonas (Brazil) Shamanism
Tigrayans AfroasiaticSemiticEthiopicTigrinya Eritrean Highlands (Eritrea), Tigrayia (Ethiopia) Christianity → Oriental Orthodoxy
Tigre AfroasiaticSemiticEthiopicTigre Eritrea Islam
Tiv Niger–CongoTiv Benue State (Nigeria) Christianity
Tiwa Sino-TibetanSalTiwa[note 4] India (Assam, Meghalaya) Hinduism
Tiwi Tiwi Tiwi Islands (Australia) Alcheringa
Tlapanec Oto-MangueanTlapanec Guerrero (Mexico) Christianity → Catholicism
Tlingit Na-DeneTlingit British Columbia, Yukon Territory (Canada), Alaska, Washington (United States) Alaska Native Religion