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List of Scottish flags Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Scottish_flags

This is a list of flags that are used exclusively in Scotland. Other flags used in Scotland, as well as the rest of the United Kingdom can be found at list of British flags.

National flag[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Scotland.svg Since 1385[1] (832 According to Legend) Flag of Scotland, also known as the Saint Andrew's Cross or The Saltire A white saltire on a sky blue field
Flag of Scotland (vertical).svg A vertical white saltire on a sky blue field.

A white saltire on a Pantone 300 medium blue per Scottish National Flag Code.

Royal flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Royal Standard of the United Kingdom in Scotland.svg Since 1837 Royal Standard of the United Kingdom used in Scotland A banner of the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom used exclusively in Scotland by the sovereign. An alternative form is used elsewhere.[2]
Lionrampant.svg Since 1222[3] Royal Banner of Scotland A banner of the ancient Royal Coat of Arms of Scotland, now officially used in Scotland by representatives of the sovereign, including the First Minister of Scotland (as keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland), the Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, the Lord Lyon King of Arms, and Lord Lieutenants within their lieutenancies.[2][4] This flag is also used at the royal residences of Holyrood Palace and Balmoral Castle when the sovereign is not present.
Royal Standard of the Duke of Rothesay.svg Standard of the Duke of Rothesay. The Royal Banner of Scotland defaced with a label of three points.
Personal Banner of the Duke of Rothesay.svg Since 1974[5] Personal banner of the 23rd Duke of Rothesay The personal banner of the current Duke, Prince Charles. The arms are based upon those of the Chief of Clan Stewart of Appin, and represent in the 1st and 4th quarters the title of Great Steward of Scotland whilst the 2nd and 3rd quarters represent the title of Lord of the Isles. In the centre, to difference the arms from those of Appin, is placed an escutcheon bearing the arms of the heir apparent to the King of Scots.[2]
Royal Standard of Prince William, Earl of Strathearn.svg Since 2011 Standard of the Earl of Strathearn. The Standard of Prince William, namely the Royal Standard of the United Kingdom used in Scotland, defaced with a label of three points, the centre point bearing a red scallop.
Royal Standard of Prince Harry, Earl of Dumbarton.svg Since 2018 Standard of the Earl of Dumbarton. The Standard of Prince Harry, namely the Royal Standard of the United Kingdom used in Scotland, defaced with a label of five points, the first, centre and fifth points bearing a red scallop.
Royal Standard of Prince Andrew, Earl of Inverness.svg Since 1986 Standard of the Earl of Inverness. The Standard of Prince Andrew, namely the Royal Standard of the United Kingdom used in Scotland defaced with a label of three points, the centre point bearing a blue anchor.[2]
Royal Standard of Prince Edward, Earl of Forfar.svg Since 1999 Standard of the Earl of Forfar. The Standard of Prince Edward, namely the Royal Standard of the United Kingdom used in Scotland defaced with a label of three points, the centre point bearing a Tudor Rose.[2]
Royal Standard of Princess Anne, Princess Royal (in Scotland).svg Since 1987 Standard of the Princess Royal used in Scotland The Standard of Princess Anne, namely the Royal Standard of the United Kingdom used in Scotland defaced with a label of three points, the first and third points bearing a St George's Cross, the centre point bearing a red heart.[2]

Government flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Ensign of the Scottish Fisheries Protection Agency.svg The ensign used aboard ships of the Scottish Government, such as the patrol boats of Marine Scotland[citation needed] A Blue Ensign defaced with the badge of the former Scottish Fisheries Protection Agency[citation needed]

Counties, regions, and cities[edit]

Counties[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Caithness Flag.svg Since 2016 Flag of Caithness Black, with a blue Scandinavian Cross fimbriated in gold, and a galley in the upper hoist.[6]
Flag of East Lothian.svg Since 2018 Flag of East Lothian (Haddingtonshire) A blue field with a gold saltire voided blue; over all a lozenge with a lion rampant.[7]
Flag of Kirkcudbrightshire.svg Since 2016 Flag of Kirkcudbrightshire A green and white quartered field bearing the Cross of St Cuthbert (from whom the county is named).[8]
2007 Flag of Orkney.svg Since 2007 Flag of Orkney Red, with a blue Nordic Cross outlined in yellow that extends to the edges of the flag. The colours from the Royal Standards of Scotland and of Norway and the Flag of Scotland.[6]
Flag of Shetland.svg Since 2005 Created 1969 Flag of Shetland Blue, with a white Nordic Cross. The colours of the Scottish flag.[6]
Flag of Sutherland 2018.svg Since 2018 Flag of Sutherland White, with a black nordic cross and black Saltire, and a gold eight-pointed star where the crosses intersect, representing the sun rising position within the Scottish sky. The white represents the former arms of the Sutherland County Council, while the black represents dark skies and the peat of the Flow Country.[9][10]

Islands[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Isle of Barra flag.svg Since 2017 Flag of Barra Green, with a white Scandinavian Cross showing the ancestry of the people and places names of Barra. The green represents the green of the Barra Isles.[11]
Tiree Island Flag.svg Since 2018 Flag of Tiree 'The Sun of Barley': green, with twelve barley stalks in a wheel pattern. The green represents the fertility of the isle and the 'barley sun' its reputation as the 'sunshine isle' and the name 'Land of Barley' (Tìr an Eòrna).[12]
South Uist flag.svg Since 2017 Flag of South Uist[13][14][15] A green flag bearing a blue Scandinavian Cross fimbriated in white
Flag of the Isle of Skye.svg Since 2020 Flag of Isle of Skye Blue, with a yellow Scandinavian Cross entwined with a white circle. The flag brings together elements of the island’s Viking and Celtic heritage and depicts a birlinn boat with five oars – one for every area of the island.[16]

Local authorities[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
City Flag of Aberdeen.svg [citation needed] Flag of Aberdeen[citation needed] Three white/silver castles within a white/silver royal tressure on a red field, a heraldic flag taken from the city council's coat of arms.[citation needed]
Flag of Angus.png Proposed flag of Angus A heraldic flag derived from the arms of Angus Council, consisting of four quarters containing a red crowned lion passant, a gold cinquefoil, a blue-white checked strip crossed with buckled red belt, and a depiction of the heart of Robert the Bruce to represent the four ancient earldoms of Angus.[17]
Flag of Edinburgh.svg 1732 Banner of Arms of Edinburgh A heraldic flag derived from the arms of Edinburgh Council.[18][19]
Flag of Dundee.png 1673 Banner of Arms of Dundee Three lilies in a vase in white/silver on a blue field, a heraldic flag taken from the city council's coat of arms.[20]

Historical flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Lionrampant.svg Since 1222[3] Royal Banner of Scotland A banner of the ancient Royal Coat of Arms of Scotland, now officially used in Scotland by representatives of the sovereign, including the First Minister of Scotland (as keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland), the Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, the Lord Lyon King of Arms, and Lord Lieutenants within their lieutenancies.[2][4] This flag is also used at the royal residences of Holyrood Palace and Balmoral Castle when the sovereign is not present.
Scottish Red Ensign.svg Until 1707 Scottish Red Ensign, used by the Royal Scottish Navy A Red Ensign with the Flag of Scotland in the canton.
Union Jack 1606 Scotland.svg 1606–1707 Scottish Union Flag First Union Flag with the Flag of Scotland superior to and overlying the Flag of England.
Proposed Union Jack (Scottish, blue on red, before 1617).svg c.1617 An early version of the Union Jack that appears on a painted wooden ceiling boss from Linlithgow Palace A blue Saint Andrew's Saltire superimposed over a red Saint George's Cross on a white background.
Scottish Covenanter Flag.svg 17th-century Scottish Covenanter flag
Flag of the Company of Scotland Trading to Africa and the Indies.svg 1698 Flag of the Company of Scotland Trading to Africa and the Indies.
Jacobite Standard 1715.svg 1715 The Jacobite Standard of 1715. The Royal coat of arms of the Kingdom of Scotland with a scroll underneath bearing the motto "NEMO ME IMPUNE LACESSIT" on a field of dark blue.
Glenfinnan Banner.svg 1745–1746 Standard of Bonnie Prince Charlie, raised at Glenfinnan on 19 August 1745. A red flag, surrounded by a blue border on all sides, with a white square in the centre containing the White Rose of York.
Jacobite Standard (1745).svg 1745–1746 A representation of the Jacobite Standard said to have been used by Jacobite forces in 1745.
Royal Standard of Princess Elizabeth (in Scotland) (1944-1952).svg 1944–1952 Standard of Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh The Standard of Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh (prior to her accession as Queen Elizabeth II), namely the Royal Standard of the United Kingdom used in Scotland defaced with a label of three points, the first and third points bearing a Saint George's Cross, the centre point bearing a Tudor Rose.
Former Flag of Orkney.svg pre–2007 Former unofficial flag of Orkney, denied formal recognition by the Lord Lyon in 2001 The Cross of St Magnus. (An official flag was adopted in 2007).
Flag of Sutherland.svg 2018 Flag of Sutherland A swooping eagle, seen face on, against a vertical bicoloured red and yellow background, with the eagle counterchanged yellow and red; At the hoist three stars or mullets. Was originally unveiled as the Flag of Sutherland in February 2018, but was placed on hold due to backlash from residents. A public vote beginning in October 2018 led to the retirement of this flag in favour of the current design.
Duke of Edinburgh Standard.svg 1952–2021 Standard of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh A banner of the Coat of Arms of Prince Philip; 1st quarter representing Denmark, 2nd quarter Greece, 3rd quarter the Mountbatten family, 4th quarter Edinburgh.[21]

Organisations[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Ensign of the British Commissioners of Northern Lighthouses.svg Ensign of the Northern Lighthouse Board A Blue Ensign defaced with a lighthouse
Northern Lighthouse Board Commissioners Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Commissioner's flag of the Northern Lighthouse Board A White Ensign with a pre-1801 Union Flag in the canton, defaced with a lighthouse
Flag of the Church of Scotland.svg Flag of the Church of Scotland The flag of Scotland with the burning bush in the centre.
Flag of the Scottish Republican Socialist Movement.svg Flag of the Scottish Republican Socialist Movement The flag of Scotland on the left side of a red flag, with a golden Triquetra knot in the centre of the red section.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ ""The Two Flags of Scotland"". "Historic UK". "Ben Johnson". The saltire appears to have become the official national flag in 1385 when the Parliament of Scotland agreed that Scottish soldiers should wear the white cross as a distinguishing mark. In such times flags and banners were important to identify opposing forces in heat of battle.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Bartram, Graham. "United Kingdom Royal and vice-regal flags". Ruislip: The World Flag Database.
  3. ^ a b Bartram, Graham (2009). "The Story of Scotland's Flags". The XIX International Congress of Vexillology, 23–27 July 2001, Proceedings (PDF). United Kingdom: The Flag Institute. pp. 168–171. Retrieved 23 June 2009.
  4. ^ a b "The 'Lion Rampant' Flag". Edinburgh: The Court of the Lord Lyon. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2008.
  5. ^ British Royal Flags: Prince Charles at Flags of the World. Retrieved on 9 December 2010.
  6. ^ a b c Bartram, Graham. "United Kingdom Sub-national flags". Ruislip: The World Flag Database.
  7. ^ "East Lothian Flag | Free official image and info | UK Flag Registry". The Flag Institute. Retrieved 22 May 2022.
  8. ^ "Kirkcudbrightshire Flag | Free official image and info | UK Flag Registry". The Flag Institute. Retrieved 22 May 2022.
  9. ^ "Vote opens on flag for Sutherland". BBC News. 29 October 2018.
  10. ^ "Sutherland's winning flag unfurled". BBC News. 17 December 2018. Retrieved 22 May 2022.
  11. ^ "Barra flag wins official recognition after long campaign". 23 November 2017.
  12. ^ Flag Register particulars
  13. ^ Registered in the UK Flags Registry
  14. ^ Granted by the Lord Lyon
  15. ^ Tibbetts, Philip (28 June 2017). "South Uist: a Hebridean first". The Flag Institute. Retrieved 22 May 2022.
  16. ^ "Skye unveils official flag for island". 24 August 2020.
  17. ^ "Council flag plan causes flutter". BBC News. 26 September 2007.
  18. ^ "UK Flag Registry". Flaginstitute.org. 20 August 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  19. ^ "Edinburgh Flag | Free official image and info | UK Flag Registry". The Flag Institute. Retrieved 22 May 2022.
  20. ^ Visible in this source. "Dundee City Council £600,000 consulting spend revealed". www.consultancy.uk. 11 January 2019. Retrieved 7 June 2022.
  21. ^ "Prince Philip: What are the plans for his funeral?". BBC News. 10 April 2021. Retrieved 10 April 2021.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Flags of Scotland at Wikimedia Commons