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Ivone Gebara Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivone_Gebara

Ivone Gebara (born December 9, 1944[1]) is a Brazilian Catholic nun, philosopher, and feminist theologian.[2][3][4] She is notable for her writing on ecofeminsm.

Biography[edit]

Ivone Gebara was born in São Paulo on December 9, 1944 to a family of Syrian-Lebanese descent. After receiving a degree in philosophy, she joined the Augustinian Congregation of the Sisters of Our Lady in 1967 at the age of 22.[5] She has two doctorates, one earned from the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo in philosophy in 1975 and another from the Catholic University of Louvain in Belgium in religious sciences in 1998.[1][6]

Gebara taught at the Instituto Teológico do Recife (ITER) for almost 17 years alongside founder Hélder Câmara. Linked to liberation theology, the institution existed from 1968 until it was closed by order of the Vatican in 1989.[7][8] Since then she has devoted her time to writing and delivering courses and lectures around the world, on the foundations of religious discourse.

Since 1973 Gebara has lived in the Northeast Region. She currently lives in a poor neighborhood of Camaragibe in the Recife metropolitan area, 25 km from Recife.

In the 1990s, Gebara was tried and convicted by the Vatican for criticizing the moral teaching of the Church, especially due to comments she made in an interview printed in Veja magazine in regard to abortion.[2][9] She was ordered to two years of forced silence. During that time, she obtained her second doctorate, in Religious Studies from the Catholic University of Louvain in Belgium. Gebara wrote a book addressing evil, Rompendo o silêncio: uma fenomenologia feminista do mal.[4][10]

Ecofeminism[edit]

She is a leader in the Latin American ecofeminist movement, writing, teaching, and organizing, including work with the Con-spirando collective in Santiago, Chile. Her ecofeminist theology focuses on the concerns and needs of the poor.[11]

Works[edit]

Gebara is the author of over thirty books and numerous articles published in Portuguese, Spanish, French, English and German.[2][12] Her English works are:

  • Gebara, Ivone (1999). Longing for Running Water: Ecofeminism and Liberation. Fortress Press. ISBN 978-1-4514-0990-1.
  • Gebara, Ivone (2002). Out of the Depths: Women's Experience of Evil and Salvation. Fortress Press. ISBN 978-1-4514-0991-8.
  • Gebara, Ivone (2004). Mary, Mother of God, Mother of the Poor. Wipf & Stock Publishers. ISBN 978-1-59244-975-0.

Her major works in other languages include:

  • Trindade: palavra sobre coisas velhas e novas. Uma perspectiva ecofeminista (1994)
  • Teologia ecofeminista. Ensaio para repensar o Conhecimento e a Religião (1997)
  • Rompendo o silêncio. Uma fenomenologia feminista do Mal (2000)
  • A Mobilidade da Senzala Feminina. Mulheres Nordestinas, Vida Melhor e Feminismo (2000)
  • La sed de sentido. Búsquedas ecofeministas en prosa poética (2002)
  • As águas do meu poço. Reflexões sobre experiências de liberdade (2005)
  • O que é Teologia (2006)
  • O que é Teologia Feminista (2007)
  • O que é Cristianismo (2008)
  • Compartilhar os pães e os peixes. O cristianismo, a teologia e teologia feminista (2008)
  • Vulnerabilidade, Justiça e e Feminismos - Antologia de Textos (2010)
  • Terra - Eco Sagrado (Teologia da Libertação e Educação Popular) (with Arno Kayser)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Fuertes, Lizbeth Souza (2001). "Ivone Gebara". Notable Twentieth-century Latin American Women: A Biographical Dictionary (1st ed.). Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. pp. 110–113. ISBN 978-0-313-31112-3.
  2. ^ a b c Uma clara opção pelos direitos das mulheres. Entrevista com Ivone Gebara Archived 2013-06-30 at the Wayback Machine. Por Mariana Carbajal. Instituto Humanitas - Unisinos, 25 de julho de 2012
  3. ^ Ivone Gebara: Hierarquia da Igreja, obstáculo para empoderamento feminino Archived 2013-11-10 at the Wayback Machine. Adital, 9 de outubro de 2009.
  4. ^ a b Teologia feminista e a crítica da razão religiosa patriarcal: entrevista com Ivone Gebara. Por Maria José Rosado-Nunes. Revista Estudos Feministas, vol.14 n°1. Florianópolis, jan.-abr. de 2006. ISSN 0104-026X
  5. ^ Nogueira-Godsey, Elaine (2013). "A History of Resistance:: Ivone Gebara's Transformative Feminist Liberation Theology". Journal for the Study of Religion. 26 (2): 89–106. ISSN 1011-7601.
  6. ^ Miguel A. De La Torre (2008). The Hope of Liberation in World Religions. Baylor University Press. pp. 28–34. ISBN 978-1-932792-50-8.
  7. ^ Joseph Ratzinger esvaziou ala liberal no Brasil. Por Frederico Vasconcelos. Folha de S. Paulo, 24 de abril de 2005.
  8. ^ TORRE, Miguel A. de la (org)The Hope of Liberation in World Religions
  9. ^ Papa silenciou progressistas brasileiros. Desarticulação da ala da igreja identificada com a Teologia da Libertação se deu por meio da divisão de arquidioceses e da censura. Por Frederico Vasconcelos. Folha de S. Paulo, 10 de abril de 2005.
  10. ^ Igualdade dentro da igreja é desejada por religiosas. Mulheres participam de conclave, mas cozinhando, limpando e arrumando os aposentos dos cardeais. Archived 2013-11-10 at the Wayback Machine Por Danilo, Boaventura. Diário da Manhã, 11 de março de 2013.
  11. ^ Lorentzen, Lois Ann. "Gebara, Ivone". In Taylor, Bron (ed.). Encyclopedia of religion and nature. Continuum. ISBN 978-0-19-975467-0. OCLC 744520647.
  12. ^ Nhanduti editora. Ivone Gebara.