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Hong Kong Island (constituency) Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hong_Kong_Island_(constituency)

Hong Kong Island's location within Hong Kong

Hong Kong Island was divided into one or more constituencies of the Legislative Council following the first-ever election in 1985.

History[edit]

In 1985, "East Island" and "West Island" electoral-college constituencies were created. East Island consisted of Eastern District and Wan Chai District, while West Island consisted of Central and Western District and Southern District. The electoral colleges lasted for two terms until they were replaced by the geographical constituencies in 1991 when the first direct election to the Legislative Council was introduced.[1]

The Hong Kong Island was then divided into "Hong Kong Island East" and "Hong Kong Island West" with the same boundaries, each returning two members to the Legislative Council using the two-seat-constituency two-votes system. All four seats were won by the United Democrats of Hong Kong (UDHK) in the pro-democracy electoral landslide. The electoral system was overhauled after one term, replaced by the single-constituency single-vote system in the 1995 Legislative Council election with four new constituencies, namely "Hong Kong Island Central", "Hong Kong Island East", "Hong Kong Island South" and "Hong Kong Island West". All four seats were again won by the pro-democrats, three of them taken by the Democratic Party and one by independent Christine Loh.[2]

Following the handover in 1997, all constituencies on the Hong Kong Island were merged into one, the "Hong Kong Island" constituency. It remained in place until 2021 under the change of electoral system. "Hong Kong Island East" and "Hong Kong Island West", which includes Islands District for the first time, were installed as the new constituencies.[3]

Evolution[edit]

Hong Kong Southern District.svg
Hong Kong Central and Western District.svg
Hong Kong Wan Chai District.svg
Hong Kong Eastern District.svg
Years \ Districts Southern Central and Western Wan Chai Eastern
(Eastern part) (Western part) (Western part) (Central part) (Eastern part)
1985–91 Western Island East Island
1991–95 Hong Kong Island West Hong Kong Island East
1995–97 Hong Kong Island South Hong Kong Island West Hong Kong Island Central Hong Kong Island East Hong Kong Island South
1998–2021 Hong Kong Island
2021 Hong Kong Island West Hong Kong Island East

References[edit]

  1. ^ 雷, 競璇; 沈, 國祥 (1995). "香港選舉資料匯編, 1982年-1994年". 硏究叢刊. 香港: Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies (19).
  2. ^ 殷, 俊; 馬, 春暖 (2018). "香港立法會直選制度變革與政黨體系之演變". 中國大陸研究. 61 (3): 033–052.
  3. ^ "A Layman's Guide to the Improving Electoral System (Consolidated Amendments) Bill 2021" (PDF). Hong Kong Government.