Giroux's first position as a professor was in education at Boston University, which he held for the next six years. Following that, he became an education professor and scholar in residence at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio. While there he also served as the founding Director of the Center for Education and Cultural Studies.
In 1992, he began a 12-year position in the Waterbury Chair Professorship at Pennsylvania State University, also serving as the Director of the Waterbury Forum in Education and Cultural Studies. In 2004 Giroux became the Global Television Network Chair in Communication at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario. In July 2014, he was named to the McMaster University Chair for Scholarship in the Public Interest. He is the Director of the McMaster Centre for Research in the Public Interest. He lives in Hamilton, Ontario, where he currently is a chaired professor for Scholarship in the Public Interest at McMaster University. He is married to Ourania Filippakou.
Giroux's writing has won many awards, and he has written for a range of public and scholarly sources. He has written more than 70 books; published more than 500 papers; and published hundreds of chapters in others' books, articles in magazines, and more.
In 2002 Giroux was named as one of the top fifty educational thinkers of the modern period in Fifty Modern Thinkers on Education: From Piaget to the Present as part of Routledge's "Key Guides Publication Series". In 2001 he won the James L. Kinneavy Award for the most outstanding article published in JAC in 2001, which was presented by the Association of Teachers of Advanced Composition at the Conference on College Composition and Communication held in Chicago in March 2002. For 2002 he was named by Oxford University to deliver the Herbert Spencer Lecture.
The University in Chains was named by the American Educational Studies Association as the recipient of the AESA Critics' Book Choice Award for 2008. He was named by the Toronto Star in 2012 as one of the top 12 Canadians Changing the Way We Think.Education and the Crisis of Public Values: Challenging the Assault on Teachers, Students, & Public Education was awarded a CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title and has received the Annual O. L. Davis, Jr. Outstanding Book Award from the AATC (American Association for Teaching and Curriculum) and the AESA (American Educational Studies Association) Critics Choice Award 2012.
In 2015 he was awarded an honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters degree from Chapman University in California. He is a winner of a Lifetime Achievement Award granted by the AERA. In 2015 he won two other major awards from Chapman University: the "Changing the World Award" and "The Paulo Freire Democratic Project Social Justice Award." Also during 2015, Giroux was honored with a Distinguished Alumni Award from Appalachian State University. In 2017 he was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of the West of Scotland. In 2019 he received an AERA Fellows Award and the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication's Professional Freedom and Responsibility Award. In 2021 he received a Doctor Honoris Causa from the Center for Latin American Studies in Education Inclusive (CELEI).
For many years Giroux was co-Editor-in-chief of the Review of Education, Pedagogy and Cultural Studies, published by Taylor and Francis.
Giroux's work remains foundational in a range of fields. He is the first to use the phrase critical pedagogy, according to Curry Malott, and helped inaugurate the "critical turn in education". In Leaders in Critical Pedagogy, he's identified as one of the "first wave" of critical pedagogues.
As any foundational scholar, his work has been critiqued on numerous fronts, from feminists like Patti Lather and Elizabeth Ellsworth and race scholars.
2015: second edition appears, w/ updated 'Introduction' & author Interviews, as Education and the Crisis of Public Values: Challenging the Assault on Teachers, Students, and Public Education.ISBN9781433130670
2011: Education and the Crisis of Public Values: Challenging the Assault on Teachers, Students, & Public Education. New York: Peter Lang Publishing, Inc. ISBN9781433112164
2012: Disposable Youth: Racialized Memories, and the Culture of Cruelty, New York: Routledge
2012: Twilight of the Social: Resurgent Publics in the Age of Disposability, Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers
2013: Youth in Revolt: Reclaiming a Democratic Future, Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers
Ford, Derek R. (2016). Communist Study: Education for the Commons. Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books. ISBN978-1-4985-3245-7.
Giroux, Henry (2019). Sandlin, Jennifer A.; Burdick, Jake (eds.). The New Henry Giroux Reader: The Role of the Public Intellectual in a Time of Tyranny. Gorham, Maine: Myers Education Press. ISBN978-1-9755-0076-4.
Jennings, Michael E.; Lynn, Marvin (2005). "The House That Race Built: Critical Pedagogy, African-American Education, and the Re-conceptualization of a Critical Race Pedagogy". Educational Foundations. 19 (3–4): 15–32. ISSN1047-8248. ERICEJ739913.
Malott, Curry Stephenson (2016). History and Education: Engaging the Global Class War. Education and Struggle: Narrative, Dialogue and the Political Production of Meaning. Vol. 9. New York: Peter Lang. ISBN978-1-4331-3399-2.
Morrison, Keith (2001). "Henry Giroux, 1943–". In Palmer, Joy A. (ed.). Fifty Modern Thinkers on Education: From Piaget to the Present Day. Abingdon, England: Routledge. pp. 280–285. doi:10.4324/9780203464694. ISBN978-0-203-46469-4.
Pinar, William F.; Reynolds, William M.; Slattery, Patrick; Taubman, Peter M. (2008). Understanding Curriculum: An Introduction to the Study of Historical and Contemporary Curriculum Discourses. Counterpoints. Vol. 17. New York: Peter Lang. ISBN978-0-8204-2601-3. ISSN1058-1634.