On August 14, 1945, Hartmann was born to Henry Hartmann and Hedwig (Bercher) Hartmann in Elizabeth, New Jersey. She attended Swarthmore College, where she received a B.A. in economics with honors in 1967. Hartmann then attended Yale University, where she received a M. Phil. in economics in 1972 and a PhD in the subject in 1974.
Hartmann has won various awards. In 1994, she won the MacArthur Fellowship Award—a five-year grant from the MacArthur Foundation give to individuals who show exceptional creativity for their research and the prospect for more in the future—for her work on women and economics. She is also the recipient of two honorary degrees.
In 1967, she married Frank Blair Cochran, birthed Jessica Lee Cochran then divorced a year later. In 1979, she married John Varick Wells and had two daughters—Katherine Lina Hartman Wells and Laura Cameron Hartmann Wells.
Hartmann, Heidi I.; Helfferich, Emil (1981). Behn, Meyer & Co. and Arnold Otto Meyer: a company history. Hamburg, Germany: H.C. Verlag. OCLC849723037.
Hartmann, Heidi I.; Treiman, Donald (1981). Women, work, and wages equal pay for jobs of equal value. Washington, D.C: National Academy Press. ISBN9780585144702. Assembly of Behavioral and Social Sciences (U.S.). Committee on Occupational Classification and Analysis.
Hartmann, Heidi I. (1982). El infeliz matrimonio entre el marxismo y el feminismo: hacia una unión mas progresiva [The unhappy marriage of marxism and feminism: towards a more progressive union]. Lima, Peru: Centro la Mujer Peruana Flora Tristán. OCLC711308316.
Hartmann, Heidi I. (1985). Comparable worth: new directions for research. Washington, D.C: National Academy Press. ISBN9780585142845.
Hartmann, Heidi I.; Moses, Claire, eds. (1995). U.S. women in struggle: a feminist studies anthology. Urbana: University of Illinois Press. ISBN9780252064623.
Hartmann, Heidi I., ed. (2005). Gendering politics and policy: recent developments in Europe, Latin America, and the United States. New York: Haworth Political Press. ISBN9780789030931.
Hartmann, Heidi I., ed. (2005). Women, work, and poverty: women centered research for policy change. New York: Haworth Political Press. ISBN9780789032461.
Hartmann, Heidi (1981). "The unhappy marriage of Marxism and feminism: towards a more progressive union". In Sargent, Lydia (ed.). Women and revolution: a discussion of the unhappy marriage of Marxism and Feminism. South End Press Political Controversies Series. Boston, Massachusetts: South End Press. pp. 1–42. ISBN9780896080621.
Hartmann, Heidi (1997). "The unhappy marriage of Marxism and feminism: towards a more progressive union". In Nicholson, Linda (ed.). The second wave: a reader in feminist theory. New York: Routledge. pp. 97–122. ISBN9780415917612.
Hartmann, Heidi I.; Spalter-Roth, Roberta (1999). "Small happinesses: the feminist struggle to integrate social research with social activism". In Hesse-Biber, Sharlene; Gilmartin, Christina; Lydenberg, Robin (eds.). Feminist approaches to theory and methodology: an interdisciplinary reader. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 333–347. ISBN9780195125221.
Hartmann, Heidi I.; Bernstein, Jared; Schmitt, John (2003). "Minimum wage increase: a working woman's issue". In Mutari, Ellen; Figart, Deborah M. (eds.). Women and the economy: a reader. Armonk, New York: M.E. Sharpe. pp. 273–276. ISBN9780765609953.
Hartmann, Heidi (2004). "Towards a definition of patriarchy". In Heldke, Lisa; O'Connor, Peg (eds.). Oppression, privilege, and resistance: theoretical perspectives on racism, sexism, and heterosexism. Boston: McGraw-Hill. pp. 143–147. ISBN9780072882438.
Hartmann, Heidi (2005). "Beside oneself: on the limits of sexual autonomy". In Bamforth, Nicholas (ed.). Sex rights: the Oxford Amnesty lectures 2002. Oxford New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 48–78. ISBN9780192805614.
Hartmann, Heidi; Rose, Stephen J.; Lovell, Vicky (2006). "How much progress in closing the long-term earnings gap?". In Blau, Francine D.; Brinton, Mary C.; Grusky, David B. (eds.). The declining significance of gender?. New York: Russell Sage Foundation. pp. 125–155. ISBN9780871543707.
Hartmann, Heidi (2010). "Beside oneself: on the limits of sexual autonomy". In Kolmar, Wendy; Bartkowski, Frances (eds.). Feminist theory: a reader (3rd ed.). Boston, Massachusetts: McGraw-Hill Higher Education. pp. 526–532. ISBN9780073512266.
Hartmann, Heidi (2013). "The unhappy marriage of Marxism and feminism: towards a more progressive union". In McCann, Carole; Kim, Seung-kyung (eds.). Feminist theory reader: local and global perspectives. New York: Routledge. pp. 187–199. ISBN9780415521024.
Hartmann, Heidi; Hegewisch, Ariane; Williams, Claudia; Hudiburg, Stephanie (2016). "How do gender, race, and ethnicity affect income? Gender, race, and ethnicity negatively affect earnings". In Merino, Noël (ed.). Income inequality. Opposing Viewpoints Series. Farmington Hills, Michigan: Greenhaven Press. ISBN9780737775259.
Hartmann, Heidi I.; Spalter-Roth, Roberta (Summer 1994). "AFDC recipients as care-givers and worker: a feminist approach to income security policy for American women". Social Politics. 1 (2): 190–210. doi:10.1093/sp/1.2.190.
Hartmann, Heidi; Blair-Loy, Mary; Hochschild, Arlie; Pugh, Allison J.; Joan C. Williams, Joan C. (October 2015). "Stability and transformation in gender, work, and family: insights from the second shift for the next quarter century". Community, Work & Family. 18 (4): 435–454. doi:10.1080/13668803.2015.1080664. S2CID146593460.