HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed was founded in 1924. Initially it was called Hanoar HaOved ("Working Youth") and affiliated with the Histadrut. In 1959, the group joined HaTnua HaMeuhedet ("The United Movement") and the name was changed to HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed.
In the 1990s, along with the decline of the kibbutz movement, HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed began re-examining the ideal life path of its members, which had always began settling kibbutzim in gar'inim after finishing their mandatory period of army service. Instead, a model started to be put forward in which bogrim ("graduates") of the movement formed small urban communes working in the community, particularly in education. Today, there are about 1,000 members of HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed's Tnuat Bogrim ("Movement of Graduates") living in small communes in cities or kibbutzim and working in the community, mostly in education and the youth movement. The youth movement and the Tnuat Bogrim are called Dror Israel movement, which is named after the historical Dror movement in Europe.
HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed consists different branches. Each branch has unique activities but all share the same virtues and ideology.
The branches are being referred to as nests, or kenim in Hebrew.
HaKen HaEroni (the urban nest) – Its activities are being held in many cities and towns in Israel, from Rosh Hanikra in the north, to Mitzpe Ramon in the south.
Bney Hamoshavim Unit – The unit used to be active only in Moshavim but today its activities are being held in Kibbutzim and other forms of settlement. The unit works in many regional councils, from Golan to the north to Arava Tihona to the south. the unit was founded by the Moshavim Movement, to provide activities for the kids. In 1935 it became a part of HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed. Bney HaMoshavim is different from other youth movements in israel in their definition of a member- every kid that lives in the settlement, where the unit works, is consider to be a member, and the unit struggles to bring all the kids to their activities. in accordance with that principle, Bney HaMoshavim does not collect money from its members, but takes its budget from the youth budget of the regional council and the Settlement committee.
Haken Hakibbutzi – Works in Kibbutzim along Israel, and works together with the Kibbutzs Institutions.
^from the Moshavim Youth committee, 1935: "א. הועידה קובעת שהנוער במושבים צריך לפעול במסגרת הסתדרות הנוער העובד. ב. מרכז הסתדרות הנוער העובד נדרש להתאים את כוונו ותוכנית פעולתו התיישבותנו ומשאלת הנוער בו. ג. נבחרת ועדה מיוחדת לנוער, שתפעל יחד עם ועד הנוער במושבים והסתדרות הנוער העובד. ד. על ועד המושבים להוציא מספר אנשים לפעולה בתוך הנוער העובד..."