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Flag of the Comoros Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_the_Comoros

National flag of the Union of the Comoros
Flag of the Comoros.svg
UseNational flag
Proportion3:5
Adopted23 December 2001; 20 years ago (2001-12-23)[1]
DesignFour horizontal stripes of yellow, white, red and blue (from top to bottom); with a green chevron based on the hoist side charged with a white crescent and four five-pointed stars
Flag at the Comoran embassy in Paris

The national flag of the Union of the Comoros (officially French: Union des Comores, Comorian: Udzima wa Komori, Arabic: الاتّحاد القمريّ, al-Ittiḥād al-Qamarī) was designed in 2001 and officially adopted on 23 December 2001.[1][2][3] It continues to display the crescent and four stars, which is a motif that has been in use in slightly various forms since 1975 during the independence movement.[4] In its constitution, the government of the Comoros refers to the insignia as l'emblème national, or the "national emblem", though it is understood to actually represent a flag.[3]

Colours[edit]

The colours are defined in the constitution as simply yellow, white, red, blue, and green. Nowhere does the government document any specific colour shades. For lack of any official standard, the colours used at the 2012 Olympics are shown in the table below.

Pantone colours used at the 2012 Olympics
(with RGB approximations) [1]
Scheme Green Yellow White Red Blue
Pantone 355 109 Safe 32 293
RGB 0-150-57 255-209-0 255–255–255 239-51-64 0-61-165
HTML 009639 ffd100 ffffff ef3340 003da5

Design[edit]

The design consists of a white crescent with four white five-pointed stars inside of a green triangle. The flag has four stripes, representing the four main islands of the nation: yellow for Mohéli, white for Mayotte (a French department claimed by the Comoros), red for Anjouan and blue for Grande Comore. The four stars on the flag also symbolize the four islands. The star and crescent, as well as the colour green on the flag, symbolise their main religion, Islam.[4]

The stars' points are usually orientated upwards, as reflected in the model supplied when the flag was adopted, though legal documents concerning the flag do not specify the flag's orientation and there is a variant in which the stars point outwards and not up.[3]

History[edit]

The first official flag of Comoros was designed and adopted for local use in 1963 by Suzanne Gauthier, before Comoros gained its independence. It had a white crescent at upper hoist facing the fly, four stars in a diagonal, and used a 5:7 proportion with a green background. This design continued to be used after independence in 1975.[5]

The flag changed in 1975 under Ali Soilih. The crescent was moved and the stars were rearranged into a diamond. Two thirds of the flag became red and symbolized the regime's socialist ideology. This flag shares the design to that of the Soviet-era and current Belarusian flags.[6]

When Ahmed Abdallah returned to the presidency in 1978, the flag changed again. It returned to being completely green, with the crescent moving to the centre of the flag and the stars forming a line between its horns. Information about the proportions of this variant suggest either a 1:2, 2:3, or 3:5 ratio.[7]

With the adoption of a new constitution in 1992, the flag changed again, with the crescent and stars rotated to face upward rather than down and to the right.[8]

The adoption of yet another constitution changed the flag again in 1996, rotating the flag to face the fly and adding a white inscription to the lower hoist and another to the upper fly. The inscriptions are written in Arabic calligraphy with the former reading "Muhammed" and the latter reading "Allah". The proportions of this flag were reported to be 7:5 (1.4:1). This flag was changed by referendum in 2001 to the modern one.[9]

Former flags of the Comoros[edit]

Flags of individual islands[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c FOTW
  2. ^ Flag History of Comoros Archived 2016-10-18 at the Wayback Machine. Al Akhbar page on the flag of the Comoros. Retrieved on 2014-07-07.
  3. ^ a b c Berry, Bruce (10 March 2016). "Comoros". Flags of the World. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  4. ^ a b "Flag of Comoros". Gettysburg Flag Works. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  5. ^ a b Berry, Bruce (10 March 2016). "Comoros (1963 - 1975". Flags of the World. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  6. ^ a b Berry, Bruce (10 March 2016). "Comoros (1975 - 1978)". Flags of the World. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  7. ^ a b Berry, Bruce (10 March 2016). "Comoros (1978 - 1992)". Flags of the World. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  8. ^ a b Berry, Bruce (10 March 2016). "Comoros (1992 - 1996)". Flags of the World. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  9. ^ a b Raeside, Rob (10 March 2016). "Comoros (1996 - 2001)". Flags of the World. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  10. ^ "FOTW Comoros". FOTW.

External links[edit]