Education in Somaliland Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Somaliland

Education in Somaliland
Flag of Somaliland.svg
Ministry of Education and Science (Somaliland)
National education budget (2015)
Budget5% of GDP
General details
Primary languagesSomali, Arabic and English

Education in Somaliland is provided in public and private schools. Education is Somaliland is managed by Ministry of Education and Science which controls the development and administration of state schools, it's also has an advisory and supervisory role in private schools.[1][2][3]

Ministry of Education and Science[edit]

The Ministry of Education and Science of Somaliland is a national body implementing the executive functions relating to the development of state policy and to legal regulation in the following spheres: basic education, secondary/vocational education, non-formal education, special needs education and higher education in both public and private institutions.[4][3] The Ministry of Education and Science of Somaliland is a national executive authority responsible for the state policy development and normative and legal regulation in the sphere of education, research, scientific, technological and innovation activities, nanotechnology, intellectual property, as well as in the sphere of nurturing, social support and social protection of students and pupils of educational institutions.[5] The work of the Ministry of Education and Science of Somaliland is governed by the Constitution of the Republic of Somaliland, National Education Act, National Constitutional Laws, and Decrees by the President of the Republic of Somaliland.[6] The Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Somaliland worked in cooperation with other national executive bodies, executive bodies of the subjects of the Republic of Somaliland, local authorities, public associations and other institutions.[7][8]

Somaliland Education System[edit]

The Somaliland education system has four main levels: pre-primary, primary/alternative, secondary/vocational and higher education.[9]

Pre-primary (early childhood) is now integrated into formal education and in private Quranic School systems, running for up to two to three years.[10]

Primary schooling lasts for eight years and is divided into a four year-elementary or lower primary cycle and a four-year intermediate or upper primary cycle.

Secondary education and Vocational Training (as per design) also run for four years. The exception is the Arabic medium schools, which have 9 years of primary/intermediate schooling and 3 years of secondary education.[8]

The tertiary level for both systems has a minimum of two years with many running for four.[11][3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Cadami : Tayada Waxbarashada Waxay ku Xidhan tahay Aqoonta iyo Xirfada Macalimiinta". Guban Media (in Somali). 18 October 2019. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Dhaqaale Loogu Yaboohay Waxbarashada Dalal ay Ka Mid Tahay Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland". Wargeyska Dawan (in Somali). 12 December 2019. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  3. ^ a b c "Somaliland Education Statistics Year Book 2013-2014" (PDF). Unicef Somalia. 12 October 2014. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  4. ^ "The Cost and Quality of Education in Somaliland". Somaliland Current. 15 June 2019. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  5. ^ "Somaliland: New Study Shows Successful Primary Education Sector". UNPO. 16 August 2019. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  6. ^ "Wasaaradda Waxbarashada Somaliland oo faahfaahisay Xeer-nidaamiye Jaah-wareer ku abuuray Dugsiyada Gaarka loo leeyahay". Somaliland Post (in Somali). 19 September 2019. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  7. ^ "Somaliland, Education Cannot Wait and UNICEF launch multi-year programme to provide education to more than 54,000 children affected by crises". Relief Web. 13 July 2019. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  8. ^ a b "Ministry of Education and Higher Studies - Education Sector Strategic Plan (ESSP 2017-2021)" (PDF). Global Partnership. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
  9. ^ "Xildhibaan Siciid oo Ka Hadlay Sidii Qorshe looga Yeelan-lahaa Waxbarashada Ubadka Ciidanka Qaranka". Wargeyska Dawan (in Somali). 24 December 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  10. ^ "New schools in Somaliland give first opportunity to rural children". Radio Ergo. 22 November 2019. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  11. ^ "The Current Status of Educational Standard In Somaliland". Horn Diplomat. 28 January 2018. Retrieved 9 March 2020.