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Edmund Sanford Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edmund_Sanford

Edmund Clark Sanford
E C Sanford.png
Born(1859-11-10)November 10, 1859
Oakland, Alameda County, CA, US
DiedNovember 22, 1924(1924-11-22) (aged 65)
Boston, Suffolk County, MA, US
Burial placeMountain View Cemetery (Oakland, California)
NationalityAmerican
EducationAB, University of California, Berkeley, 1883
Alma materJohns Hopkins University
TitlePresident of Clark University
Term1909-1920
RelativesMilicent Shinn (cousin)

Edmund Clark Sanford (1859–1924) was an early American psychologist. He earned his PhD under the supervision of Granville Stanley Hall at Johns Hopkins University, and then moved with Hall to Clark University in 1888, where he became the professor of psychology and the founding director of the psychology laboratory. He is best known for his 1887 Writings of Laura Bridgman and for his 1897 textbook, A Course in Experimental Psychology. This textbook was a manual on how to conduct experiential psychology. He was present at the creation of the American Psychological Association in 1892 and the creation of the Association of American Universities in 1900.[1] He was the cousin of another early psychologist, Milicent Shinn.[2]

Memorials[edit]

  • Edmund Clark Sanford, Nov. 10, 1859, Nov. 22, 1924 in Memoriam[3]

Works[edit]

Following list compiled by Edith M. Baker, Assistant Librarian, Clark University. [4]

  • Her 'broidery work. Overland Monthly (1883).[5]
  • For a plaque. Overland Monthly (1883).[6]
  • A belated butterfly. Overland Monthly (1883).[7]
  • A pasteboard Cupid. Overland Monthly (1883).[8]
  • Fate. Overland Monthly (1883).[9]
  • Song. Overland Monthly (1884).[10]
  • Poppies and grass-flowers. Overland Monthly (1884).[11]
  • Mid-ocean. Overland Monthly (1885).[12]
  • Song. Overland Monthly (1885).[13]
  • Writings of Laura Bridgman (1887); with an introductory note by G. S. Hall. Reprint from Overland Monthly (1886).[14][15]
  • "Relative legibility of the small letters." The American Journal of Psychology (1888).[16]
  • "Personal equation." The American Journal of Psychology (1888, 1889).[17][18][19]
  • "A simple and inexpensive chronoscope." The American Journal of Psychology (1890).[20]
  • "Psychology at Clark University." The American Journal of Psychology (1890).[21]
  • Several chapters in A laboratory course in physiological psychology (1891, 1892, 1893, 1895, 1896).[22][23][24][25][26][27][28]
  • "Notes on studies of the language of children." The Pedagogical Seminary (1891).[29]
  • "Possibility of a realization of four-fold space." Science (1892).[30]
  • "A new visual illusion." Science (1893).[31]
  • "On reaction-times when the stimulus is applied to the reacting hand." The American Journal of Psychology (1893).[32]
  • "A new pendulum chronograph." The American Journal of Psychology (1893).[33]
  • "Some practical suggestions on the equipment of a psychological laboratory." The American Journal of Psychology (1893).[34]
  • A course in experimental psychology (1894).[35]
  • "Notes on new apparatus." The American Journal of Psychology (1895).[36]
  • "The Philadelphia meeting of the American Psychological Association." Science (1896).[37]
  • "Proceedings of the fourth annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, 1895." The Psychological Review (1896).[38]
  • "The vernier chronoscope." The American Journal of Psychology (1898).[39]
  • "Studies of rhythm and meter." The American Journal of Psychology (1901).[40]
  • "Improvements in the vernier chronoscope." The American Journal of Psychology (1901).[41]
  • "Illustrations of the application of psychological principles to ethical problems." The Pedagogical Seminary (1902).[42]
  • "Mental growth and decay." The American Journal of Psychology (1902).[43]
  • "Psychology and physics." The Psychological Review (1903).[44]
  • "The psychic life of fishes." Philosophical Review (1904).[45]
  • "On the guessing of numbers." The American Journal of Psychology (1903).[46]
  • "Responsiveness to beauty." Clark University Library Publications (1905).[47]
  • "A sketch of a beginner's course in psychology." The Pedagogical Seminary (1906).[48]
  • "A preliminary report of experiments on time relations in binocular vision." The American Journal of Psychology (1908).[49]
  • "The teaching of elementary psychology in colleges and universities with laboratories." The Psychological Monographs (1910).[50]
  • "Experimental pedagogy and experimental psychology." Journal of Educational Psychology (1910).[51]
  • "The function of the several senses in the mental life." The American Journal of Psychology (1912).[52]
  • "Methods of research in education." Journal of Educational Psychology (1912).[53]
  • "Psychic research in the animal field: Der kluge Hans and the Elberfeld horses." The American Journal of Psychology (1914).[54]
  • "A letter to Dr. Titchener." Studies in psychology contributed by colleagues and former students of Edward Bradford Titchener (1917).[55]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Conference, Association of American Universities; Universities, Association of American (1901). Journal of Proceedings and Addresses of the Conference. Princeton University Press.
  2. ^ Proceedings, 80th Annual Convention, APA, 1972, pp 775-776.
  3. ^ Edmund Clark Sanford, Nov. 10, 1859, Nov. 22, 1924 in Memoriam. Clark University Library. 1925.
  4. ^ T., E. B. (1925). "Edmund Clark Sanford 1859-1924". The American Journal of Psychology. 36 (2): 157–170. ISSN 0002-9556. JSTOR 1413853.
  5. ^ "The Overland monthly. ser.2:v.1 (1883)". HathiTrust. Retrieved 2022-06-29.
  6. ^ "The Overland monthly. ser.2:v.1 (1883)". HathiTrust. Retrieved 2022-06-29.
  7. ^ "The Overland monthly. ser.2:v.1 (1883)". HathiTrust. Retrieved 2022-06-29.
  8. ^ "The Overland monthly. ser.2:v.1 (1883)". HathiTrust. Retrieved 2022-06-29.
  9. ^ "The Overland monthly. ser.2 v.2 1883". HathiTrust. Retrieved 2022-06-29.
  10. ^ "The Overland monthly. ser.2 v.3 1884". HathiTrust. Retrieved 2022-06-29.
  11. ^ "The Overland monthly. ser.2 v.3 1884". HathiTrust. Retrieved 2022-06-29.
  12. ^ "The Overland monthly. ser.2 v.5 1885". HathiTrust. Retrieved 2022-06-29.
  13. ^ "The Overland monthly. ser.2 v.6 1885". HathiTrust. Retrieved 2022-06-29.
  14. ^ "The Overland monthly. ser.2:v.8 (1886)". HathiTrust. Retrieved 2022-06-29.
  15. ^ "The Overland monthly. Ser.2, v.8, no.48 (Dec. 1886)". HathiTrust. Retrieved 2022-06-29.
  16. ^ Sanford, E. C. (1888). "The Relative Legibility of the Small Letters". The American Journal of Psychology. 1 (3): 402–435. doi:10.2307/1411012. ISSN 0002-9556. JSTOR 1411012.
  17. ^ Sanford, E. C. (1888). "Personal Equation". The American Journal of Psychology. 2 (1): 3–38. doi:10.2307/1411405. ISSN 0002-9556. JSTOR 1411405.
  18. ^ Sanford, Edmund C. (1889). "Personal Equation". The American Journal of Psychology. 2 (2): 271–298. doi:10.2307/1411782. ISSN 0002-9556. JSTOR 1411782.
  19. ^ Sanford, Edmund C. (1889). "Personal Equation". The American Journal of Psychology. 2 (3): 403–430. doi:10.2307/1411956. ISSN 0002-9556. JSTOR 1411956.
  20. ^ Sanford, E. C. (1890). "A Simple and Inexpensive Chronoscope". The American Journal of Psychology. 3 (2): 174–181. doi:10.2307/1411091. ISSN 0002-9556. JSTOR 1411091.
  21. ^ Hall, Granville Stanley; Titchener, Edward Bradford; Dallenbach, Karl M.; Bentley, Madison; Boring, Edwin Garrigues; Washburn, Margaret Floy (1891). The American Journal of Psychology. University of Illinois Press.
  22. ^ Sanford, Edmund C. (1987). "A Laboratory Course in Physiological Psychology: Part I". The American Journal of Psychology. 100 (3/4): 433–440. doi:10.2307/1422688. ISSN 0002-9556. JSTOR 1422688.
  23. ^ Sanford, Edmund C. (1891). "A Laboratory Course in Physiological Psychology". The American Journal of Psychology. 4 (1): 141–155. doi:10.2307/1411843. ISSN 0002-9556. JSTOR 1411843.
  24. ^ Sanford, Edmund C. (1891). "A Laboratory Course in Physiological Psychology. (Second Paper): III. Taste and Smell". The American Journal of Psychology. 4 (2): 303–322. doi:10.2307/1411283. ISSN 0002-9556. JSTOR 1411283.
  25. ^ Sanford, Edmund C. (1892). "A Laboratory Course in Physiological Psychology. (Third Paper): V. Vision". The American Journal of Psychology. 4 (3): 474–490. doi:10.2307/1411642. ISSN 0002-9556. JSTOR 1411642.
  26. ^ Sanford, Edmund C. (1893). "Laboratory Course in Physiological Psychology: Fourth Paper: V. Vision (Continued)". The American Journal of Psychology. 5 (3): 390–415. doi:10.2307/1411002. ISSN 0002-9556. JSTOR 1411002.
  27. ^ Sanford, Edmund C. (1895). "A Laboratory Course in Physiological Psychology. (Fifth Paper): The Visual Perception of Space". The American Journal of Psychology. 6 (4): 593–616. doi:10.2307/1411196. ISSN 0002-9556. JSTOR 1411196.
  28. ^ Sanford, Edmund C. (1896). "A Laboratory Course in Physiological Psychology. Sixth Paper: Monocular Perception of Space". The American Journal of Psychology. 7 (3): 412–424. doi:10.2307/1411390. ISSN 0002-9556. JSTOR 1411390.
  29. ^ Sanford, C. E. (1891-06-01). "Notes and Digests. Notes on Studies of the Language of Children". The Pedagogical Seminary. 1 (2): 257–298. doi:10.1080/08919402.1891.10533937. ISSN 0891-9402.
  30. ^ Sanford, Edmund C. (1892). "The Possibility of a Realization of Four-Fold Space". Science. 19 (488): 332. doi:10.1126/science.ns-19.488.332. ISSN 0036-8075. JSTOR 1767694. PMID 17771773.
  31. ^ Sanford, Edmund C. (1893). "A New Visual Illusion". Science. 21 (524): 92–93. Bibcode:1893Sci....21...92S. doi:10.1126/science.ns-21.524.92. ISSN 0036-8075. JSTOR 1765324. PMID 17736774.
  32. ^ "On Reaction-Times When the Stimulus Is Applied to the Reacting Hand". The American Journal of Psychology. 5 (3): 351–355. 1893. doi:10.2307/1410998. ISSN 0002-9556. JSTOR 1410998.
  33. ^ Sanford, Edmund C. (1893). "A New Pendulum Chronograph". The American Journal of Psychology. 5 (3): 385–389. doi:10.2307/1411001. ISSN 0002-9556. JSTOR 1411001.
  34. ^ Sanford, Edmund C. (1893). "Some Practical Suggestions on the Equipment of a Psychological Laboratory". The American Journal of Psychology. 5 (4): 429–438. doi:10.2307/1411911. ISSN 0002-9556. JSTOR 1411911.
  35. ^ Sanford, E. C. (1894). A course in experimental psychology.
  36. ^ Sanford, Edmund C. (1895). "Notes on New Apparatus". The American Journal of Psychology. 6 (4): 575–584. doi:10.2307/1411194. ISSN 0002-9556. JSTOR 1411194.
  37. ^ Sanford, Edmund C. (1896). "The Philadelphia Meeting of the American Psychological Association". Science. 3 (56): 119–124. Bibcode:1896Sci.....3..119S. doi:10.1126/science.3.56.119. ISSN 0036-8075. JSTOR 1624215. PMID 17816955.
  38. ^ Sanford, E. C. (1896). "Proceedings of the fourth annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, 1895". The Psychological Review. III (2).
  39. ^ Sanford, E. C. (1898). "The Vernier Chronoscope". The American Journal of Psychology. 9 (2): 191–197. doi:10.2307/1411758. ISSN 0002-9556. JSTOR 1411758.
  40. ^ Triplett, Norman; Sanford, Edmund C. (1901). "Studies of Rhythm and Meter". The American Journal of Psychology. 12 (3): 361–387. doi:10.2307/1412285. ISSN 0002-9556. JSTOR 1412285.
  41. ^ Sanford, E. C. (1901). "Improvements in the Vernier Chronoscope". The American Journal of Psychology. 12 (4): 590–594. doi:10.2307/1412148. ISSN 0002-9556. JSTOR 1412148.
  42. ^ Sanford, Edmund C. (1902-03-01). "Illustrations of the Application of Psychological Principles to Ethical Problems". The Pedagogical Seminary. 9 (1): 18–27. doi:10.1080/08919402.1902.10534164. ISSN 0891-9402.
  43. ^ Sanford, Edmund Clark (1902). "Mental Growth and Decay". The American Journal of Psychology. 13 (3): 426–449. doi:10.2307/1412561. ISSN 0002-9556. JSTOR 1412561.
  44. ^ Sanford, E. C. (1903). "Psychology and physics" (PDF). The Psychological Review. X (2).
  45. ^ Sanford, E. C. (1904). "The Psychic Life of Fishes". Philosophical Review. 13: 93.
  46. ^ Sanford, E. C. (1903). "On the Guessing of Numbers". The American Journal of Psychology. 14 (3/4): 383–401. doi:10.2307/1412325. ISSN 0002-9556. JSTOR 1412325.
  47. ^ Wilson, L. N., ed. (1905). Publications of the Clark University Library. Vol. 1. Worcester, MA: Clark University Library Press. pp. 222–228.
  48. ^ Sanford, E. C. (1905). "A sketch of a beginner's course in psychology". The Pedagogical Seminary. 13: 118–124. doi:10.1080/08919402.1906.9943598.
  49. ^ Stevenson, Timothy J.; Sanford, E. C. (1908). "A Preliminary Report of Experiments on Time Relations in Binocular Vision". The American Journal of Psychology. 19 (1): 130–137. doi:10.2307/1412825. ISSN 0002-9556. JSTOR 1412825.
  50. ^ Sanford, E. C. (1910). "The teaching of elementary psychology in colleges and universities with laboratories". The Psychological Monographs. 12 (4): 54–71. doi:10.1037/h0093200.
  51. ^ Sanford, Edmund C. (1910). "Experimental pedagogy and experimental psychology". Journal of Educational Psychology. 1 (10): 590–595. doi:10.1037/h0074854. ISSN 1939-2176.
  52. ^ Sanford, Edmund C. (1912). "The Function of the Several Senses in the Mental Life". The American Journal of Psychology. 23 (1): 59–74. doi:10.2307/1413114. ISSN 0002-9556. JSTOR 1413114.
  53. ^ Sanford, Edmund C. (1912). "Methods of research in education". Journal of Educational Psychology. 3 (6): 303–315. doi:10.1037/h0070763. ISSN 0022-0663.
  54. ^ Sanford, Edmund C. (1914). "Psychic Research in the Animal Field: Der Kluge Hans and the Elberfeld Horses". The American Journal of Psychology. 25 (1): 1–31. doi:10.2307/1413022. ISSN 0002-9556. JSTOR 1413022.
  55. ^ Sanford, E. C. (1917). Wilson, L. N. (ed.). A letter to Dr. Titchener. Studies in psychology contributed by colleagues and former students of Edward Bradford Titchener. pp. 5–10.

External links[edit]