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Dutta (surname) Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutta_(surname)

Dutta
Regions with significant populations
Bangladesh and India
Religion
Hinduism
Related ethnic groups
Indo-Aryan peoples
Tibeto-Burman peoples

Dutta, also spelled Datta,[1] is a Hindu family name found primarily among Bengali Kayasthas, and also among Suvarna Baniks, Gandhabaniks in India.[2][3] The name is also found among certain North Indian Brahmin communities garol means "given" or "granted" in Sanskrit and is also an alternative name for the Hindu deity Dattatreya.

Bengal[edit]

According to Indian historian Tej Ram Sharma, in Bengal the surname Dutta/Datta[4] (দত্ত) is used by Kayastha caste.[5] The office of Kayastha (scribe) was instituted before the Gupta period[5] (c.320 to 550 CE). Originally, Kayastha was composed of people from different Varnas, including Brahmins[5][6] and Kshatriyas.[6] After the Gupta reign, the Kayasthas in Bengal developed into a caste,[7] and gained a higher status,[7] incorporating the Pala, Sena and Varman Kings and their descendants.[6] In the middle period of the history of Bengal, between 1500 and 1850 CE, the Kayasthas were regarded as one of the highest of Hindu castes in the region.[8]

Punjab[edit]

Punjabi Dutt's belong to the Mohyal Brahmin community.[2] According to the gotra system, Mohyal Dutt's are the descendants of Rishi Bharadwaj.[9] Some consider Gaj Bhavan, the grandson of Rishi Bharadwaj to be the real founder of their clan.[10][11]

Other Regions[edit]

"Dutt" is also used as a titular surname or middle name in other North Indian states particularly by Brahmins. For instance, Indian wrestler Yogeshwar Dutt is a Brahmin from Haryana[12] and former politician, Narayan Dutt Tiwari was a Kumaoni Brahmin from Uttarakhand.[13]

Notable people[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

In 2012, a Bengali film Dutta vs Dutta was released, directed by Anjan Dutt, the film captured family drama of three generations of a Bengali Dutta family.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hanks 2003, p. 504.
  2. ^ a b The Illustrated Weekly of India, Volume 97
  3. ^ Folk-lore. Indian Publications. 1975. p. 172.
  4. ^ Clark 2014, p. 148.
  5. ^ a b c Sharma 1978, p. 115.
  6. ^ a b c Wink 1991, p. 269.
  7. ^ a b Sekhar 2004, p. 20.
  8. ^ Inden 1976, p. 1.
  9. ^ Organiser, Volume 53 By Bharat Prakashan,page 171
  10. ^ Reg-i-Surkh: Dut Brahman Imam Husain se Rabt o Zabt, by Mahdi Nazmi, Abu Talib Academy, New Delhi 1984, Pages 63-71.
  11. ^ Defence Journal, Pakistan- June 2003:Tribes and Turbulence by Hamid Hussain
  12. ^ "Yogeshwar Dutt: 11 Reasons to be proud of the unsung hero of Indian wrestling!". 2 August 2014.
  13. ^ "Congress veteran, four-time Chief Minister, controversial Governor and reluctant father".
  14. ^ "Datta vs Datta". Outlook. Archived from the original on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 16 May 2014.

Sources[edit]