Dutta, also spelled Datta, is a Hindu family name found primarily among Bengali Kayasthas, and also among Suvarna Baniks, Gandhabaniks in India.  The name is also found among certain  North Indian Brahmin communities garol means "given" or "granted" in Sanskrit and is also an alternative name for the Hindu deity Dattatreya.
According to Indian historian Tej Ram Sharma, in Bengal the surname Dutta/Datta (দত্ত) is used by Kayastha caste. The office of Kayastha (scribe) was instituted before the
Gupta period (c.320 to 550 CE). Originally, Kayastha was composed of people from different , including Varnas Brahmins and Kshatriyas. After the Gupta reign, the Kayasthas in Bengal developed into a caste, and gained a higher status, incorporating the Pala, Sena and Varman Kings and their descendants. In the middle period of the history of Bengal, between 1500 and 1850 CE, the Kayasthas were regarded as one of the highest of Hindu castes in the region.
Punjabi Dutt's belong to the
Mohyal Brahmin community. According to the  gotra system, Mohyal Dutt's are the descendants of Rishi Bharadwaj. Some consider Gaj Bhavan, the grandson of Rishi Bharadwaj to be the real founder of their clan.  
Other Regions [ edit ]
"Dutt" is also used as a titular surname or middle name in other North Indian states particularly by
Brahmins. For instance, Indian wrestler Yogeshwar Dutt is a Brahmin from Haryana and former politician,  Narayan Dutt Tiwari was a Kumaoni Brahmin from Uttarakhand.
Notable people [ edit ]
Aishwarya Dutta (Born 1995) Tamil Actress
Akshay Kumar Datta (1820–1886); writer
Anandita Dutta Tamuly, record holder in Limca Book of Records
Aloke Dutta; tabla player
Amal Dutta; Indian footballer (retired) and football coach.
Anik Dutta; Bengali film director
Anjan Dutt; Bengali singer, film director and actor
Aroti Dutt; noted social worker
Arpita Singh; born Arpita Dutta, Padma Bhushan awarded Painter
Aswini Kumar Dutta (1856–1923); nationalist leader and philanthropist
Bhabatosh Datta (1911–1997), Indian economist and academic, Padma Vibhushan (1990)
Bhaktivinoda Thakur (Kedarnath Datta) (1838–1914); Magistrate and Vaishnava religious reformer
Birendra Nath Datta, writer and a Padma Shri award recipient
Bhupendranath Datta, Indian revolutionary and later a sociologist.
Chitra Singh; born Chitra Shome, singer and wife of Jagjit Singh.
Dhirendranath Datta (1886–1971); Bengali lawyer and politician
Divya Dutta (born 1977); Hindi and Punjabi film actress.
Durjoy Datta ; writer
Gurusaday Dutt founder- Bratachari Movement,
Himangshu Dutta (1908–1944); music composer
Indrani Dutta, Bengali television actress
Jyotirmoy Datta; writer, journalist, poet and essayist
J. P. Dutta (born 1949), Indian film producer, writer and director
Jyoti Prakash Dutta (writer), Bangladeshi short-story writer
Kalpana Joshi; born Kalpana Dutt, noted freedom fighter
Kanailal Dutta; freedom fighter
Lara Dutta; Bollywood Actress
Mankumari Basu; born Mankumari Dutt, poet and short story writer
Monikangana Dutta, model and actress from Assam
Munmun Dutta, Actress
Michael Madhusudan Dutt (1824–1873); poet and dramatist
Nargis (1 June 1929 – 3 May 1981); Actress
Phulrenu Guha; born Phulrenu Dutta, politician and social activist.
Radha Raman Dutta; music composer
Rajani Palme Dutt, British politician
Roby Datta, poet and educator
Rasamay Dutt, Bengali educationist, first Indian puisne judge of India, first Indian member of the Asiatic Society.
Romesh Chunder Dutt (1848–1909); writer, economist, historian, translator of Vedas
Samadarshi Dutta; Bengali film actor
Sanjay Dutt; actor
Saroj Nalini Dutt (née De); noted social worker
Satyendranath Dutta: (1882–1922) Bengali poet.
Shanta Dutta; Indian microbiologist
Sunil Dutt (1929–2005); actor, politician
Sudhindranath Dutta, Bengali poet, essayist
Supriyo Datta, nanotechnology researcher
Swami Gambhirananda born Jatindranath Datta, Hindu religious teacher.
Tanushree Dutta; Indian actress
Tina Dutta; (actress)
Toru Dutt (1856–1877); poet
Utpal Dutt (1929–1993); author, dramatist, director, actor and activist
Swami Vivekananda (1863–1902); born Narendranath Datta, spiritual leader of modern India Yogeshwar Dutt; Wrestler
In popular culture [ edit ]
In 2012, a Bengali film
was released, directed by Dutta vs Dutta Anjan Dutt, the film captured family drama of three generations of a Bengali Dutta family.
References [ edit ]
^ a b
The Illustrated Weekly of India, Volume 97
. Indian Publications. 1975. p. 172. Folk-lore
Organiser, Volume 53 By Bharat Prakashan,page 171
^ Reg-i-Surkh: Dut Brahman Imam Husain se Rabt o Zabt, by Mahdi Nazmi, Abu Talib Academy, New Delhi 1984, Pages 63-71.
^ Defence Journal, Pakistan- June 2003:
Tribes and Turbulence by Hamid Hussain
"Yogeshwar Dutt: 11 Reasons to be proud of the unsung hero of Indian wrestling!". 2 August 2014.
"Congress veteran, four-time Chief Minister, controversial Governor and reluctant father".
"Datta vs Datta". Outlook. Archived from the original on 24 December 2013 . Retrieved . 16 May 2014
Sources [ edit ]
Clark, Gregory (2014), The Son Also Rises: Surnames and the History of Social Mobility, Princeton University Press
Hanks, P. (2003). . Oxford University Press, USA. Dictionary of American Family Names: 3-Volume Set ISBN 978-0-19-508137-4 . Retrieved . 25 May 2019
Inden, Ronald B. (1976), , University of California Press, p. 1, Marriage and Rank in Bengali Culture: A History of Caste and Clan in Middle Period Bengal ISBN 978-0-520-02569-1
Rigopoulos, Antonio (1998), , State University of New York Press, pp. 27–28, Dattatreya: The Immortal Guru, Yogin, and Avatara : A Study of the Transformative and Inclusive Character of a Multi-Faceted Hindu Deity ISBN 978-0-7914-3695-0 , retrieved 11 June 2012
Bandyopadhyay, Sekhar (2004), , Sage Publications, p. 20, Caste, Culture, and Hegemony: Social Dominance in Colonial Bengal ISBN 978-81-7829-316-5
Sharma, Tej Ram (1978), , New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company, p. 115 Personal and Geographical Names in the Gupta Inscriptions Wink, Andre (1991), , Brill Academic Publishers, p. 269, Al-Hind, the Making of the Indo-Islamic World, Volume 1 ISBN 978-90-04-09509-0 , retrieved 3 September 2011