District courts exist in every district of each province, with civil and criminal jurisdiction. In each district headquarters, there are numerous additional district and session judges who usually preside the courts. District and sessions judges have executive and judicial power all over the district under his jurisdiction. Session court is also a trial court for heinous offences such as murder, rape (Zina), Haraba offences (armed robbery where specific amount of gold and cash is involved), it is also appellate court for summary conviction offences and civil suits of lesser value. Each town and city now has a court of additional district and sessions judge, which possesses the equal authority over, under its jurisdiction. When it is hearing criminal cases it is called sessions court and when it is hearing civil cases it becomes district court. Executive matters are brought before the relevant district and sessions judge.