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Developed nations Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Developed_nations

  Developed countries
  Data unavailable

World map showing country classifications as per the IMF[1] and the UN[2] (last updated 2022). "Developed economies" according to this classification scheme are shown in blue.

A developed country (or industrialized country, high-income country, more economically developed country (MEDC), advanced country[3][4]) is a sovereign state that has a high quality of life, developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations. Most commonly, the criteria for evaluating the degree of economic development are gross domestic product (GDP), gross national product (GNP), the per capita income, level of industrialization, amount of widespread infrastructure and general standard of living.[5] Which criteria are to be used and which countries can be classified as being developed are subjects of debate. A point of reference of US$20,000 in 2021 USD nominal GDP per capita for the International Monetary Fund (IMF) is a good point of departure, it is a similar level of development to the United States in 1960.[6]

Developed countries have generally more advanced post-industrial economies, meaning the service sector provides more wealth than the industrial sector. They are contrasted with developing countries, which are in the process of industrialisation or are pre-industrial and almost entirely agrarian, some of which might fall into the category of Least Developed Countries. As of 2015, advanced economies comprise 60.8% of global GDP based on nominal values and 42.9% of global GDP based on purchasing-power parity (PPP) according to the IMF.[7]

Definition and criteria[edit]

Countries or territories by GDP (nominal) per capita in 2022.
  >$60,000
  $50,000 - $60,000
  $40,000 - $50,000
  $30,000 - $40,000
  $20,000 - $30,000
  $10,000 - $20,000
  $5,000 - $10,000
  $2,500 - $5,000
  $1,000 - $2,500
  $500 - $1,000
  <$500
  No data

Economic criteria have tended to dominate discussions. One such criterion is the income per capita; countries with the high gross domestic product (GDP) per capita would thus be described as developed countries. Another economic criterion is industrialisation; countries in which the tertiary and quaternary sectors of industry dominate would thus be described as developed. More recently, another measure, the Human Development Index (HDI), which combines an economic measure, national income, with other measures, indices for life expectancy and education has become prominent. This criterion would define developed countries as those with a very high (HDI) rating. The index, however, does not take into account several factors, such as the net wealth per capita or the relative quality of goods in a country. This situation tends to lower the ranking of some of the most advanced countries, such as the G7 members and others.[8][9]

According to the United Nations Statistics Division:

There is no established convention for the designation of "developed" and "developing" countries or areas in the United Nations system.[10]

And it notes that:

The designations "developed" and "developing" are intended for statistical convenience and do not necessarily express a judgement about the stage reached by a particular country or area in the development process.[11]

Nevertheless, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development considers that this categorization can continue to be applied:

The developed economies broadly comprise Northern America and Europe, Israel, Japan and the Republic of Korea, as well as Australia and New Zealand.[12]

Similar terms[edit]

Terms linked to the concept developed country include "advanced country", "industrialized country", "'more developed country" (MDC), "more economically developed country" (MEDC), "Global North country", "first world country", and "post-industrial country". The term industrialized country may be somewhat ambiguous, as industrialisation is an ongoing process that is hard to define. The first industrialized country was the United Kingdom, followed by Belgium. Later it spread further to Germany, United States, France and other Western European countries. According to some economists such as Jeffrey Sachs, however, the current divide between the developed and developing world is largely a phenomenon of the 20th century.[13]

Mathis Wackernagel calls the binary labeling of countries as "neither descriptive nor explanatory. It is merely a thoughtless and destructive endorsement of GDP fetish. In reality, there are not two types of countries, but over 200 countries, all faced with the same laws of nature, yet each with unique features."[14]

A 2021 analysis proposes the term emerged to describe markets, economies, or countries that have graduated from emerging market status, but have not yet reached the level equivalent to developed countries.[15] Multinational corporations from these emerging markets present unique patterns of overseas expansion and knowledge acquisition from foreign countries.

Economy lists by various criteria[edit]

Human Development Index (HDI)[edit]

Countries ranked in the "Very High" category of the Human Development Index (based on 2019 data, published in 2020)
  > 0.950
  0.900 – 0.949
  0.850 – 0.899
  0.800 – 0.849
  Not included

The UN HDI is a statistical measure that gauges an economy's level of human development. While there is a strong correlation between having a high HDI score and being a prosperous economy, the UN points out that the HDI accounts for more than income or productivity. Unlike GDP per capita or per capita income, the HDI takes into account how income is turned "into education and health opportunities and therefore into higher levels of human development."

Since 1990, Norway (2001–2006, 2009–2019), Japan (1990–1991 and 1993), Canada (1992 and 1994–2000) and Iceland (2007–2008) have had the highest HDI score.

The following countries ranked from 1 to 66 in the year 2021 are considered to be of "very high human development":[16]

Table of countries by HDI
Rank Nation HDI
2021 data (2022 report)​[16] Change since 2015​[17] 2021 data (2022 report)​[16] Average annual growth (2010–2021)​[17]
1 Steady   Switzerland 0.962 Increase 0.19%
2 Steady  Norway 0.961 Increase 0.19%
3 Steady  Iceland 0.959 Increase 0.56%
4 Increase (3)  Hong Kong 0.952 Increase 0.44%
5 Increase (3)  Australia 0.951 Increase 0.27%
6 Steady  Denmark 0.948 Increase 0.34%
7 Decrease (2)  Sweden 0.947 Increase 0.36%
8 Increase (6)  Ireland 0.945 Increase 0.40%
9 Decrease (5)  Germany 0.942 Increase 0.16%
10 Decrease (1)  Netherlands 0.941 Increase 0.24%
11 Steady  Finland 0.940 Increase 0.29%
12 Decrease (1)  Singapore 0.939 Increase 0.29%
13 Increase (2)  Belgium 0.937 Increase 0.25%
Decrease (3)  New Zealand Increase 0.15%
15 Decrease (2)  Canada 0.936 Increase 0.25%
16 Decrease (1)  Liechtenstein 0.935 Increase 0.22%
17 Increase (3)  Luxembourg 0.930 Increase 0.18%
18 Decrease (3)  United Kingdom 0.929 Increase 0.17%
19 Steady  Japan 0.925 Increase 0.27%
Increase (3)  South Korea Increase 0.35%
21 Decrease (3)  United States 0.921 Increase 0.10%
22 Steady  Israel 0.919 Increase 0.25%
23 Increase (4)  Malta 0.918 Increase 0.58%
Increase (1)  Slovenia Increase 0.28%
25 Decrease (4)  Austria 0.916 Increase 0.14%
26 Increase (9)  United Arab Emirates 0.911 Increase 0.80%
27 Steady  Spain 0.905 Increase 0.38%
28 Decrease (3)  France 0.903 Increase 0.27%
29 Increase (3)  Cyprus 0.896 Increase 0.41%
30 Decrease (1)  Italy 0.895 Increase 0.13%
31 Decrease (2)  Estonia 0.890 Increase 0.30%
32 Decrease (6)  Czechia 0.889 Increase 0.20%
33 Decrease (2)  Greece 0.887 Increase 0.19%
34 Decrease (1)  Poland 0.876 Increase 0.37%
35 Increase (3)  Bahrain 0.875 Increase 0.73%
Increase (1)  Lithuania Increase 0.35%
Increase (2)  Saudi Arabia Increase 0.64%
38 Increase (2)  Portugal 0.866 Increase 0.40%
39 Increase (1)  Latvia 0.863 Increase 0.42%
40 Decrease (6)  Andorra 0.858 Increase 0.11%
Increase (5)  Croatia Increase 0.40%
42 Increase (1)  Chile 0.855 Increase 0.46%
Increase (1)  Qatar Increase 0.23%
44 NA[Note 1]  San Marino 0.853 NA[Note 1]
45 Decrease (5)  Slovakia 0.848 Increase 0.09%
46 Increase (1)  Hungary 0.846 Increase 0.20%
47 Decrease (4)  Argentina 0.842 Increase 0.09%
48 Increase (6)  Turkey 0.838 Increase 1.03%
49 Increase (3)  Montenegro 0.832 Increase 0.27%
50 Decrease (1)  Kuwait 0.831 Increase 0.20%
51 Decrease (3)  Brunei 0.829 Increase 0.01%
52 Decrease (2)  Russia 0.822 Increase 0.29%
53 Decrease (4)  Romania 0.821 Increase 0.16%
54 Decrease (3)  Oman 0.816 Increase 0.32%
55 Decrease (2)  Bahamas 0.812 Increase 0.00%
56 Increase (4)  Kazakhstan 0.811 Increase 0.51%
57 Decrease (2)  Trinidad and Tobago 0.810 Increase 0.23%
58 Increase (4)  Costa Rica 0.809 Increase 0.43%
Steady  Uruguay Increase 0.25%
60 Decrease (3)  Belarus 0.808 Increase 0.21%
61 Steady  Panama 0.805 Increase 0.37%
62 Increase (1)  Malaysia 0.803 Increase 0.39%
63 Increase (7)  Georgia 0.802 Increase 0.50%
Increase (2)  Mauritius Increase 0.55%
Increase (4)  Serbia Increase 0.41%
66 Increase (6)  Thailand 0.800 Increase 0.75%

High-income economies[edit]

Some institutions have produced lists of developed countries: the UN (list shown above), the CIA,[18] and some providers of stock market indices (the FTSE Group, MSCI, S&P, Dow Jones, STOXX, etc.). The latter is not included here because its association of developed countries with countries with both high incomes and developed markets is not deemed as directly relevant.[why?][Note 2]

However, many other institutions have created more general lists referred to when discussing developed countries. For example, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) identifies 39 "advanced economies".[19][20] The OECD's 37 members are known as the "developed countries club".[21][22][23] The World Bank identifies 81 "high income countries".[24] Other standards, such as the 30-50 Club (GDP per capita over $30,000 and population over 50 million) have been developed to categorize highly developed and influential countries.

World Bank high-income economies[edit]

World Bank high-income economies in 2019

According to the World Bank the following 80 countries and territories are classified as "high-income economies". As of the 2022 fiscal year, high-income economies are those that had a GNI per capita of $12,696 or more in 2020.[24]

36 countries and territories in Europe:

20 countries and territories in the Americas:

15 countries and territories in Asia:

eight countries and territories in Oceania:

one country in Africa:

nine former high-income economies:[25]

* Between 1994 and 2009, as a part of the  Netherlands Antilles.

# Dissolved on 10 October 2010, succeeded by Curaçao and Sint Maarten.

High-income OECD members[edit]

According to the World Bank, the following 34 members are classified as "OECD High-Income":[26][27]

26 countries in Europe:

three countries in the Americas:

three countries in Asia:

two countries in Oceania:

Development Assistance Committee members[edit]

Member nations of the Development Assistance Committee

There are 29 OECD member countries and the European Union—in the Development Assistance Committee (DAC),[28] a group of the world's major donor countries that discuss issues surrounding development aid and poverty reduction in developing countries.[29] The following OECD member countries are DAC members:

23 countries in Europe:

two countries in the Americas:

two countries in Asia:

two countries in Oceania:

IMF advanced economies[edit]

  Countries described as Advanced Economies by the IMF

According to the International Monetary Fund, 40 countries and territories are officially listed as "advanced economies",[1][30] with the addition of 7 microstates and dependencies modified by the CIA which were omitted from the IMF version :[18]

28 countries and dependencies in Europe classified by the IMF, 6 others given by the CIA :

seven countries and territories in Asia:

three countries and territories in the Americas classified by the IMF, one territory given by the CIA :

two countries in Oceania:

d The CIA has modified an older version of the IMF's list of 38 Advanced Economies, noting that the IMF's Advanced Economies list "would presumably also cover the following nine smaller countries of Andorra, Bermuda, Faroe Islands, Guernsey, Holy See, Jersey, Liechtenstein, Monaco, and San Marino[...]". San Marino (2012) and Andorra (2021) were later included in the IMF's list.[18]

Paris Club members[edit]

Permanent members of the Paris Club

There are 22 permanent members in the Paris Club (French: Club de Paris), a group of officials from major creditor countries whose role is to find coordinated and sustainable solutions to the payment difficulties experienced by debtor countries.

15 countries in Europe:

three countries in the Americas:

three countries in Asia:

one country in Oceania:

Comparative table (2022)[edit]

Comparative table of countries with a "very high" human development (0.800 or higher), according to UNDP; "advanced" economies, according to the IMF; "high income" economies, according to the World Bank; and income per capita (purchasing power parity) higher than $22,000, according to the IMF.

Developed Countries
Countries HDI[31] IMF[32] WB[33] Per capita PPP 2021[34]
2021
 San Marino Yes since 2021 Yes since 2012 Yes since 2000 Yes before 2004
2020
 Andorra Yes since 2003 Yes since 2020 Yes since 1990 Yes before 2010
2015
 Lithuania Yes since 2005 Yes since 2015 Yes since 2012 Yes since 2011
2014
 Latvia Yes since 2005 Yes since 2014 Yes since 2012 Yes since 2013
2011
 Estonia Yes since 2003 Yes since 2011 Yes since 2006 Yes since 2010
2009
 Czech Republic Yes since 2001 Yes since 2009 Yes since 2006 Yes since 2005
 Slovakia Yes since 2006 Yes since 2009 Yes since 2007 Yes since 2007
2008
 Malta Yes since 2003 Yes since 2008 Yes since 2002 Yes since 2005
2007
 Slovenia Yes since 1998 Yes since 2007 Yes since 1997 Yes since 2004
2005
 Portugal Yes since 2005 Yes since 1989[35] Yes since 1994 Yes since 2004
 South Korea Yes since 1999 Yes since 1997[36] Yes since 2001 Yes since 2005
2004
 Israel Yes since 1991 Yes since 1997[37] Yes since 1987 Yes since 2004
2003
 Greece Yes since 2001 Yes since 1989[35] Yes since 1996 Yes since 2003
2001
 Cyprus Yes since 2001 Yes since 2001 Yes since 1988 Yes since 2000
2000
 New Zealand Yes before 1990 Yes since 1945 Yes since 1987 Yes since 2000
1999
 Singapore Yes since 1999 Yes since 1997[36] Yes since 1987 Yes since 1990
 Spain Yes since 1995 Yes since 1945 Yes since 1987 Yes since 1999
1997
 Finland Yes since 1994 Yes since 1945 Yes since 1987 Yes since 1997
 Ireland Yes since 1996 Yes since 1945 Yes since 1987 Yes since 1997
 United Kingdom Yes since 1992 Yes since 1945 Yes since 1987 Yes since 1997
1996
 Iceland Yes before 1990 Yes since 1945 Yes since 1987 Yes since 1996
1995
 Italy Yes since 1995 Yes since 1945 Yes since 1987 Yes since 1993
 Sweden Yes before 1990 Yes since 1945 Yes since 1987 Yes since 1995
1994
 Australia Yes before 1990 Yes since 1945 Yes since 1987 Yes since 1994
 Belgium Yes before 1990 Yes since 1945 Yes since 1987 Yes since 1994
 Canada Yes before 1990 Yes since 1945 Yes since 1987 Yes since 1994
 France Yes since 1993 Yes since 1945 Yes since 1987 Yes since 1994
1992
 Austria Yes since 1992 Yes since 1945 Yes since 1987 Yes since 1992
 Germany Yes before 1990 Yes since 1945 Yes since 1987 Yes since 1992
 Japan Yes before 1990 Yes since 1945 Yes since 1987 Yes since 1992
 Luxembourg Yes since 1992 Yes since 1945 Yes since 1987 Yes since 1985
1991
 Denmark Yes since 1991 Yes since 1945 Yes since 1987 Yes since 1991
 Netherlands Yes before 1990 Yes since 1945 Yes since 1987 Yes since 1991
1989
 United States Yes before 1990 Yes since 1945 Yes since 1987 Yes since 1989
1987
 Norway Yes before 1990 Yes since 1945 Yes since 1987 Yes since 1985
  Switzerland Yes before 1990 Yes since 1945 Yes since 1987 Yes since 1984
In process
Countries HDI[31] IMF[32] WB[33] per capita PPP 2021[34]
 Trinidad and Tobago Yes since 2021 No Yes since 2006 Yes since 2005
 Romania Yes since 2013 No Yes since 2021 Yes since 2016
 Panama Yes since 2019 No Yes since 2021 Yes since 2014
 Croatia Yes since 2007 No Yes since 2017 Yes since 2014
 Uruguay Yes since 2014 No Yes since 2012 Yes since 2016
 Bahamas Yes since 2016 No Yes since 1987 Yes since 1996
 Hungary Yes since 2005 No Yes since 2014 Yes since 2010
 Kuwait Yes since 2014 No Yes since 1987 Yes before 1980
 Chile Yes since 2007 No Yes since 2012 Yes since 2013
 Bahrain Yes since 2012 No Yes since 2001 Yes since 1981
 Oman Yes since 2012 No Yes since 2007 Yes since 1990
 Poland Yes since 2003 No Yes since 2009 Yes since 2011
 Saudi Arabia Yes since 2010 No Yes since 2004 Yes before 1980
 United Arab Emirates Yes since 2004 No Yes since 1987 Yes before 1980
 Taiwan No data Yes since 1997[36] Yes since 1987 Yes since 2002
 Brunei Yes since 1999 No Yes since 1990 Yes before 1985
 Qatar Yes since 1996 No Yes since 1987 Yes before 1980
Other recognitions
Countries HDI[31] IMF[32] WB[33] per capita PPP 2021[34]
 Costa Rica Yes since 2019 No No Yes since 2021
 Mauritius Yes since 2019 No No Yes since 2021
 Argentina Yes since 2006 No No Yes since 2021
 Montenegro Yes since 2013 No No Yes since 2021
 Bulgaria Yes since 2015 No No Yes since 2018
 Malaysia Yes since 2016 No No Yes since 2012
 Turkey Yes since 2015 No No Yes since 2013
 Kazakhstan Yes since 2015 No No Yes since 2013
 Saint Kitts and Nevis No No Yes since 2012 Yes since 2014
 Seychelles No No Yes since 2014 Yes since 2013
 Russia Yes since 2013 No No Yes since 2011
 Barbados Yes since 2011 No Yes since 2006 No
 Liechtenstein Yes since 2000 No Yes since 1994 No data
 Thailand Yes since 2021 No No No
 Guyana No No No Yes since 2021
 Maldives No No No Yes since 2021
 Georgia Yes since 2019 No No No
 Serbia Yes since 2019 No No No
 Nauru No No Yes since 2019 No
 Palau Yes since 2013 No No No
 Antigua and Barbuda No No Yes since 2012 No
 Belarus Yes since 2012 No No No
 Monaco No data No Yes since 1994 No data

Rankings[edit]

The list below features some outstanding countries selected from the comparative table above with average data of quality (best place in rankings) and quantity (considered in how many of the 35 rankings) with an average between quality and quantity greater than 60%.

Countries3.jpg
Outstanding countries
Rank Country QUALITY QUANTITY Democracy Corruption[38] Quality of living[39] Quality of digital living[40] Cost of living[41] HDI[42] per capita PPP[43] Peace[44] Prosperity[45] Economic Freedom Heritage[46] Human Freedom Fraser[47] Politic/Social Freedom House[48] Competitiveness Doing Business[49] Gay friendly[50] Energy transition [51] Environmental Performance[52] Green Future[53] Happiness[54] Social Progress[55] Global Talent[56] PISA science [1] PISA read PISA maths Mobile internet speed[57] Fixed internet speed Resilience [58] Fragile state[59] E-gov[60] English skills[61] Cities in motion[62] Press freedom[63] Rule of law[64] Good Government[65] Labor rights[66]
2022 2022 2019 2021 2022 2021 2021 2022 2021 2022 2021 2022 2019 2019 2021 2021 2022 2022 2022 2021 2021 2020 2020 2020 2022 2022 2022 2022 2020 2021 2021 2022 2021 2022 2022
1-(SUMRanks /(#Ranks

*100))

COUNT.IF (Ranks;

<100)

/#Ranks

full > score 70 top 100 > score 0.6 low top 100 > very high >22000 1.8 2nd green on map > mostly free > score 8 > score 90 > score 60 > score 60 > score 7 score 70 > score 60 green > score 6.4 tier 2 < 2nd quartile > score 400 > score 400 > score 400 > 30mb > 90mb > score 90 > green > very high > high > relative high < score 70 > score 70 > score 0.6 < rating 2
1  Denmark 0,93 1,00 6 1 8 1 64 6 13 4 1 10 3 6 10 4 5 3 1 2 2 3 5 25 19 13 5 8 1 5 1 3 6 2 1 4 9
2  Sweden 0,89 1,00 4 4 23 13 50 7 18 26 3 11 9 3 8 10 5 1 5 9 7 7 4 20 11 17 16 28 7 10 6 8 14 3 4 7 9
3  Netherlands 0,86 1,00 11 8 11 11 60 10 14 21 6 8 11 7 4 42 14 11 11 3 5 8 6 16 27 9 6 22 15 11 10 1 8 28 6 5 36
4  Finland 0,87 0,97 3 1 31 3 59 11 23 14 4 9 6 2 11 20 100 6 3 6 1 2 7 7 6 16 17 33 12 1 4 9 22 5 3 1 9
5  Norway 0,86 0,97 1 4 25 14 71 2 8 17 2 14 13 1 17 9 18 2 100 5 8 1 9 28 20 19 1 26 8 2 13 5 12 1 2 6 9
6   Switzerland 0,85 0,97 9 7 2 8 74 1 5 11 5 2 1 13 5 36 14 4 9 14 4 5 1 24 28 11 13 15 2 6 16 25 11 14 100 2 36
7  Germany 0,81 0,94 15 10 3 9 55 9 20 16 9 16 15 21 7 22 10 100 13 8 14 10 11 16 21 20 29 100 5 13 25 11 7 16 5 8 9
8  Austria 0,78 0,94 20 13 1 21 51 25 17 5 11 22 21 26 21 27 5 5 8 100 11 14 17 28 28 22 26 100 9 14 15 2 18 31 9 12 9
9  New Zealand 0,79 0,91 2 1 3 23 65 13 31 2 8 4 2 4 19 1 14 8 100 100 10 12 16 13 11 28 22 9 19 4 8 100 23 11 7 9 36
10  Ireland 0,75 0,89 7 13 33 24 67 8 3 3 12 3 5 9 24 24 18 100 10 12 13 13 15 23 8 20 100 100 18 9 27 100 33 6 10 11 9
11  Canada 0,75 0,89 12 13 3 20 63 15 25 12 15 15 6 5 14 23 1 100 100 15 15 6 13 9 6 12 25 18 21 8 28 100 30 19 12 13 100
12  Australia 0,71 0,86 9 18 11 17 66 5 22 27 16 12 8 14 16 14 10 100 17 100 12 11 10 16 17 30 12 100 20 12 5 100 17 39 13 17 100
13  United Kingdom 0,71 0,86 18 11 41 10 61 18 27 34 13 24 14 25 9 8 5 7 2 4 17 18 12 15 15 17 41 100 13 100 100 100 1 24 16 10 100
14  France 0,66 0,86 100 22 39 7 47 28 26 100 22 100 34 100 15 32 100 9 12 7 20 19 21 25 23 26 31 23 16 18 19 31 3 26 23 16 36
15  Portugal 0,62 0,86 100 100 37 30 38 38 45 6 28 31 18 16 34 39 2 100 100 18 100 25 28 27 25 29 44 27 27 16 35 7 52 7 26 25 36
16  Belgium 0,65 0,83 100 18 28 25 48 13 21 22 23 100 23 11 22 46 18 100 100 11 19 16 18 20 23 15 19 100 10 20 41 6 41 23 14 21 100
17  Estonia 0,64 0,83 100 13 86 19 36 31 40 33 17 7 4 18 31 18 100 100 14 100 100 21 24 5 5 8 32 100 28 25 3 22 55 4 11 14 36
18  Luxembourg 0,65 0,80 14 9 18 15 58 17 1 100 7 5 10 10 18 72 100 100 6 100 6 15 8 34 38 34 11 32 3 7 33 13 100 21 8 100 100
19  Singapore 0,68 0,77 100 4 25 6 73 12 2 9 14 1 100 100 1 2 100 100 100 100 27 30 3 2 2 2 18 1 4 15 11 4 9 100 17 3 36
20  Japan 0,64 0,80 17 18 49 12 52 19 36 10 19 100 15 12 6 29 100 100 100 19 100 9 19 6 15 6 46 10 24 19 14 100 4 100 15 15 36
21  Iceland 0,64 0,74 5 13 100 100 100 3 16 1 10 13 12 17 26 26 10 10 100 1 3 4 14 35 36 26 100 100 100 3 12 100 5 15 100 19 9
22  South Korea 0,60 0,77 16 100 77 2 46 19 30 42 29 19 100 100 13 5 100 100 100 10 100 17 27 8 9 7 4 20 30 21 2 37 19 43 20 19 100
23  Czech Republic 0,56 0,80 100 100 69 28 27 32 38 8 27 21 23 38 32 41 100 100 100 100 18 22 25 22 26 22 48 100 23 29 39 27 39 20 22 22 36
24  Spain 0,57 0,77 100 100 43 18 39 27 41 29 24 100 25 41 23 30 2 100 100 13 29 20 32 30 100 35 100 11 17 100 17 33 25 32 21 26 36
25  Uruguay 0,49 0,80 13 18 78 100 45 58 65 46 37 34 33 8 54 100 5 13 100 100 30 39 51 53 49 59 55 30 100 23 26 53 100 44 25 100 36
26  Lithuania 0,50 0,71 100 100 81 16 100 35 39 37 33 17 19 100 39 11 100 100 100 100 34 27 35 31 33 35 33 100 31 27 20 24 100 9 18 29 36
< 0,6
 Italy 0,47 0,71 100 100 41 27 43 30 32 32 31 100 26 43 30 58 100 100 100 17 31 23 36 39 33 32 60 100 29 100 37 35 42 100 100 34 9
 Latvia 0,46 0,69 100 100 90 100 100 39 50 35 30 18 21 100 41 19 100 12 15 100 100 34 33 29 30 24 39 100 42 100 49 26 100 22 24 30 36
 United States 0,51 0,63 100 100 34 5 70 21 9 100 20 25 15 100 2 6 100 100 100 100 16 24 2 19 13 38 24 6 100 100 9 100 2 42 100 18 100
 Slovenia 0,47 0,66 100 100 74 100 40 23 37 7 26 32 32 42 35 37 100 100 7 100 22 26 31 14 22 13 34 100 39 17 23 100 100 100 100 23 100
 Slovakia 0,41 0,66 100 100 80 29 30 45 48 20 35 100 100 100 42 45 100 100 18 100 100 33 39 41 42 33 50 100 35 24 48 20 62 27 100 100 36
 Malta 0,39 0,57 100 100 100 100 54 23 28 100 25 27 27 100 38 88 2 100 4 100 33 28 23 43 45 39 37 100 37 22 22 100 100 100 100 100 100
 Israel 0,36 0,51 100 100 100 4 72 22 33 100 32 100 100 100 20 35 100 100 100 100 9 32 20 42 38 42 100 29 34 100 30 100 100 100 100 27 36
 Cyprus 0,30 0,49 100 100 86 100 100 29 34 100 34 23 29 30 44 54 100 100 100 100 100 29 30 47 51 45 21 100 36 100 18 100 100 100 100 100 100
 Greece 0,24 0,46 100 100 89 100 34 33 54 100 43 100 100 100 59 79 100 100 100 100 100 31 47 44 43 45 40 100 45 100 42 19 100 100 100 100 100
 Andorra 0,07 0,11 100 100 100 100 57 40 19 100 100 100 100 23 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
 San Marino 0,06 0,11 100 100 100 100 100 44 12 100 100 100 100 27 100 92 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b HDI not available before 2018 in latest report
  2. ^ The Developed Countries Glossary Archived 20 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine entry reads: "The following countries are classified by FTSE as developed countries: Australia, Austria, Belgium/Luxembourg, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong (China), Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom and the United States."
  3. ^ Geographically a part of Asia, geopolitically a part of Europe.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "World Economic and Financial Surveys World Economic Outlook Database—WEO Groups and Aggregates Information". IMF.org. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2 June 2022.
  2. ^ Least Developed Countries Archived 17 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine (2018 list Archived 21 December 2019 at the Wayback Machine)
  3. ^ "Fiscal Policy and Inclusive Growth in Advanced Countries: Their Experience and Implications for Asia" (PDF). adb.org. Asian Development Bank. December 2014. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ "Advanced Countries Will Benefit Most from Progress in Technology, with Lesser Benefits to Other Nations". rand.org. RAND Corporation. 1 June 2006. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  5. ^ Developed Economy Definition Archived 22 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. Investopedia (16 April 2010). Retrieved 12 July 2013.
  6. ^ World Bank (1 January 1960). "Constant GDP per capita for the United States". FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. Retrieved 15 June 2021.
  7. ^ "Report for Selected Country Groups and Subjects". www.imf.org. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
  8. ^ The Courier. Commission of the European Communities. 1994. Archived from the original on 15 March 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  9. ^ "Human development index". Economics Help. Archived from the original on 17 December 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  10. ^ "Millennium Development Indicators: World and regional groupings". United Nations Statistics Division. 2003. Note b. Archived from the original on 10 February 2005. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
  11. ^ "Standard Country and Area Codes Classifications (M49): Developed Regions". United Nations Statistics Division. Archived from the original on 11 July 2017. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
  12. ^ "UNCTADstat - Classifications".
  13. ^ Sachs, Jeffrey (2005). The End of Poverty. New York, New York: The Penguin Press. ISBN 1-59420-045-9.
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