Conservation in Scotland Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conservation_in_Scotland
This article gives an overview of the structure of environmental and cultural conservation in Scotland, a constituent country of the United Kingdom.
Upon the introduction of devolved government the environment and built heritage were not listed as reserved issues, and so for the most part conservation is the responsibility of the Scottish Parliament, the Scottish Government, and the public bodies that report to them. Although originally reserved, responsibility for all planning and nature conservation matters at sea up to 200 miles from the Scottish coast was transferred to the Scottish Government in 2008. Some matters related to conservation, such as international treaties and border controls on prohibited species, remain the responsibility of the UK Government.
Much environment legislation in Scotland is based on the adoption into Scots law of European Union directives, such as the Habitats Directive. As such there may be changes to the structure and nature of conservation activities in Scotland following the UK's departure from the European Union.
Scottish Government directorates
Conservation matters are dealt with across a number of directorates of the Scottish Government:
- Environmental protection, forestry and biodiversity are the responsibility of the Environment and Forestry Directorate.
- The Marine Scotland Directorate is responsible for the integrated management of Scotland's seas.
- The Energy and Climate Change Directorate covers measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
- Cultural Heritage is the responsibility of the Culture, Tourism and Major Events Directorate.
Three Cabinet Secretaries hold portfolios with responsibility for conservation issues:
- The Cabinet Secretary for Environment, Climate Change and Land Reform has ministerial responsibility for many conservation issues, including climate change and environmental protection, biodiversity, Crown Estate Scotland, environmental and climate justice, flood prevention & coastal erosion, land use and land reform, animal welfare, wildlife crime and water quality.
- The portfolio of the Cabinet Secretary for Rural Economy and Tourism includes ministerial responsibility for agriculture and crofting, fisheries and aquaculture, and forestry.
- The portfolio of the Cabinet Secretary for Economy, Fair Work and Culture includes ministerial responsibility for architecture and built heritage.
The following are public bodies of the Scottish Government, with notes on their areas of responsibility.
Executive non-departmental public bodies
United Kingdom Government
Within the UK Government, environmental protection is the responsibility of the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA). Two UK-wide executive agencies with responsibility for conservation matters include Scotland within their remit:
Many non-governmental organisations are active in conservation issues in Scotland. The following list provides some examples.
National environmental designations
National designations for historic and cultural sites
Non-statutory protected areas
Objects of conservation