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Censorship of student media Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Censorship_of_student_media

The Censorship of student media is the suppression of free speech by school administrative bodies of student-run news operations. Typically this involves interfering with the operation and final publishing authority of a school newspaper, radio, television or other electronic online content generated by students.

While this has typically consisted of schools enforcing their authority to control the funding and distribution of publications, sometimes forms of censorship extend to expression not funded by or under the official auspices of the school system or college (for example, confiscating independently produced "underground" publications or imposing discipline for material posted on off-campus websites).

United States[edit]

The states of Arkansas, California, Colorado, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Massachusetts and Oregon have all passed legislation fortifying student journalists' right to free expression.[1] The nonprofit Student Press Law Center tracks and provides pro-bono legal aid to student-run media organizations in the U.S.

Some notable cases in the United States include:

States with Laws protecting the First Amendment Rights of Student Journalists[edit]

  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Illinois
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • North Dakota
  • Oregon (high school) (college)
  • Rhode Island
  • Vermont
  • Washington

Student Press Freedom day[edit]

Student Press Freedom day[8] is a national day of student journalists and their contributions celebrated on Wednesday, Jan. 29, 2020. This marks the anniversary of the Hazelwood School District case and to support and express importance towards students' freedom of press.

Endorsers:[9]

The First Amendment[edit]

The first Amendment within the rights of student journalists protects and assures their practices in journalistic practices.[10]

Censored Topics[edit]

Based on Interview and survey data:[10]

Impact of Censorship[edit]

  • The fear of isolation - is a major impact of censorship where individuals
  • The spiral of silence theory - a concept where individuals hold a fear to speak opinions and thoughts that may go against the publics majority opinion.[10] This is due to the fear of isolation.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Student Press Law Center. "Student Press Law center - Law Library". SPLC. Retrieved 2013-11-11.
  2. ^ https://www.oyez.org/cases/1987/86-836
  3. ^ https://www.oyez.org/cases/1968/21
  4. ^ "Student Press Law Center | Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier". Student Press Law Center. 1988-01-13. Retrieved 2020-04-15.
  5. ^ https://www.oyez.org/cases/1994/94-329
  6. ^ "Papish v. Board of Curators of the University of Missouri, 410 U.S. 667 (1973)." Papish v. Board of Curators of the University of Missouri, 410 U.S. 667 (1973). Accessed October 11, 2016.
  7. ^ https://www.oyez.org/cases/2006/06-278
  8. ^ "Student Press Law Center | Student Press Freedom Day — Jan. 29, 2020". Student Press Law Center. 2020-01-01. Retrieved 2020-01-30.
  9. ^ "Student Press Law Center | Student Press Freedom Day — Jan. 29, 2020". Student Press Law Center. 2020-01-01. Retrieved 2020-04-15.
  10. ^ a b c https://scholarworks.unr.edu//handle/11714/5736. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)