mic_none

Admiralty station (MTR) Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Admiralty_station_(MTR)

Admiralty

金鐘
MTR
MTR rapid transit station
Admiralty Station 2021 05 part3.jpg
Platform 3 of Admiralty station
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese金钟
Hanyu PinyinJīnzhōng
Cantonese YaleGāmjūng
Literal meaningGold clock
General information
LocationDrake Street × Tamar Street, Admiralty
Central and Western District, Hong Kong
Coordinates22°16′44″N 114°09′53″E / 22.2788°N 114.1646°E / 22.2788; 114.1646Coordinates: 22°16′44″N 114°09′53″E / 22.2788°N 114.1646°E / 22.2788; 114.1646
Owned byKCR Corporation (East Rail line)
MTR Corporation (Island, South Island and Tsuen Wan lines)
Operated byMTR Corporation
Line(s)
Platforms8 (3 island platforms, 1 split platform)
Tracks8
ConnectionsBus, public light bus, tram
Construction
Structure typeUnderground
Platform levels3
Disabled accessYes
Other information
Station codeADM
History
Opened
  • 12 February 1980; 42 years ago (1980-02-12) (Kwun Tong line)
  • 31 May 1985; 37 years ago (1985-05-31) (Island line)
  • 28 December 2016; 5 years ago (2016-12-28)[1] (South Island line)
  • 15 May 2022; 50 days ago (2022-05-15) (East Rail Line)
Services
Preceding station MTR MTR Following station
Central
Terminus
Tsuen Wan line Tsim Sha Tsui
towards Tsuen Wan
Central
towards Kennedy Town
Island line Wan Chai
towards Chai Wan
Terminus East Rail line Exhibition Centre
towards Lo Wu or Lok Ma Chau
South Island line Ocean Park
Track layout
          Upper platforms
3
1
L2
L3
4
2
     Lower platforms
6
5
L6
Location
Hong Kong MTR system map
Hong Kong MTR system map
Admiralty
Location within the MTR system

Admiralty (Chinese: 金鐘; Cantonese Yale: Gāmjūng) is a Mass Transit Railway (MTR) station in Admiralty, Hong Kong. The station's livery is blue and white. Served by the East Rail line, the Tsuen Wan line, the Island line, and the South Island line, Admiralty is a major interchange station within the MTR network.

The station and surrounding area are named after HMS Tamar, once the headquarters of the Royal Navy in Hong Kong. It was built on the former site of the naval dockyards, which were built in 1878 and demolished in the 1970s. The Chinese name, which translates to "gold clock", refers to a clock with gold-coloured numerals and hands that was located on the main building of Wellington Barracks from 1890 to 1962.

Between 2011 and 2016, the station underwent major expansion to accommodate two new sets of platforms underneath the original structure to serve two more MTR lines, the South Island line and the East Rail line (part of the Sha Tin to Central Link project). The South Island line opened in 2016, while the East Rail line platforms opened on 15 May 2022.[2][3]

History[edit]

Development and construction[edit]

The government gave the Mass Transit Railway Corporation first refusal on the 60,000-square-foot (5,600 m2) site, which was sold to it in 1976 for around HK$200 million for cash and equity consideration.[4]

The Admiralty Centre, United Centre and Queensway Plaza commercial buildings formed part of the development, and sit directly above the station.

On 12 February 1980, the segment of the first MTR line between Central and Tsim Sha Tsui was opened. At the time, Admiralty and Central stations were the only two MTR stations on Hong Kong Island.[5] The platforms began serving the Tsuen Wan line on 10 May 1982.

Admiralty was designed to be a transfer station with the then-planned Island line. On 31 May 1985, the first phase of the Island line (between Admiralty and Chai Wan) opened, with Admiralty the temporary western terminus of the Island line. To facilitate cross-platform interchange, the Tsuen Wan- and Chai Wan-bound platforms were located on a very wide island platform on the lower level, while the Central-bound and termination platforms shared another very wide island platform on the upper level. When the second part of the Island line (Admiralty to Sheung Wan) opened in 1986, the termination platform became the Sheung Wan-bound platform, while the other platforms remained unchanged.[6]

2004 arson attack[edit]

The platforms are wide enough for a very large number of passengers to change trains at the same time.
Platform livery

At 9:14 a.m. on 5 January 2004, 14 passengers suffered minor injuries when a delusional 55-year-old man ignited two gas cylinders full of paint thinner in the first train car of a Central-bound train from Tsim Sha Tsui.[7] The driver decided to complete the journey and passengers were evacuated from the train in Admiralty.[8]

Station expansion and new lines[edit]

Admiralty station was expanded to serve two additional lines - the South Island line on level L6 and the East Rail line on level L5.[9]

The South Island line platforms opened on 28 December 2016,[1] after a public open day on 24th of that month,[10] giving residents in the Southern District quicker access to Hong Kong Island's central business district. The opening date was delayed from 2015 due to technical problems in the deep tunnels for the new platforms. The East Rail line began servicing Admiralty on 15 May 2022, allowing commuters from the northeast New Territories to travel directly to Admiralty.[9][11]

A new single level underground interchange concourse with natural light was built to the east of the original concourse, allowing passengers to transfer to the new lines. The atrium was also expanded. The station expansion, located under Harcourt Garden, incorporates 34 escalators and five lifts to integrate with the existing station.[9] The East Rail line takes up one level under the interchange concourse, with the South Island line being directly below it.[9][11] Exits E1 and E2 were rebuilt as one exit to accommodate the glass roof of the interchange concourse and has since opened. While the East Rail line tracks will have sidings for terminating trains south of the station, the South Island line tracks end at bumper blocks north of the station with no overrun track.[11]

The narrowest part of the existing platforms on L3 was widened to provide better access to the first and second cars of the Tsuen Wan line trains, as well as last two cars of Island line trains. Island line passengers travelling towards Tsuen Wan now have easier access to these cars.[12] The expansion brought new toilets in the paid area, a lift between the concourse and, ground level, and artwork in the station.

Art Work "Sense of Green" located between Level L5 and L6

The new station has two artworks.[9] The first is Sense of Green by Tony Ip, which is a new bamboo-covered landscaped deck over Harcourt Garden.[9] The second, Urban Soundscape by Otto Li, is located along either side of the escalator shaft between the new and current stations. It depicts passengers' journeys through Admiralty.[9]

Usage and overcrowding[edit]

As the primary interchange point between the Tsuen Wan line, the Island line, the East Rail line, and the South Island line, Admiralty is heavily congested during rush hours.

Admiralty and North Point are the only cross-platform interchange stations between Kowloon and Hong Kong Island lines in the MTR system. It is also the only interchange station for the South Island line. Despite trains departing at capacity (every 2.1 minutes), commuters frequently have to board the second or even the third train when interchanging. The situation deteriorated following fare cuts due to the MTR–KCR merger.[13]

Temporary measures are undertaken during peak hours, including the deployment of additional station assistants, adjustment of escalator directions[14] and making pacifying announcements by local celebrities.[15][non-primary source needed] During evening peak hours, some Tsuen Wan line trains are taken out of service at Central, and placed back into service at Admiralty, in order to relieve the demand at Admiralty.[16][17] In the long term, the existing signalling system of Tsuen Wan line will be upgraded by Thales Transport & Security in 2018.[18]

In addition, the 2022 extension of the East Rail line (from Hung Hom to Admiralty) has helped to divert some cross-harbour demand from the Tsuen Wan line, thereby reducing congestion.[19]

Station layout[edit]

U1 Footbridge Exit E2
G Ground level Exits, Public Transport Interchange
L1 Concourse Customer Service, MTRShops, Hang Seng Bank
Vending machines, automatic teller machines
MTR Travel
Student Travel Scheme Office, MTR Lost Property Office
L2
Platforms
Platform 4      Tsuen Wan line towards Central (Terminus)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Platform 3      Island line towards Chai Wan (Wan Chai)
L3
Platforms
Platform 1      Tsuen Wan line towards Tsuen Wan (Tsim Sha Tsui)
Island platform, doors will open on the right
Platform 2      Island line towards Kennedy Town (Central)
L4 Passageway Passageway between uppermost and lowermost platforms
L5
Platforms
Platform 7      East Rail line towards Lo Wu or Lok Ma Chau (Exhibition Centre)
Split platform, doors will open on the right for boarding passengers only
Transfer passageway
Split platform, doors will open on the right for alighting passengers only
Platform 8      East Rail line termination platform
L6
Platforms
Platform 6      South Island line towards South Horizons (Ocean Park)
Island platform, doors will open on the left or right
Platform 5      South Island line towards South Horizons (Ocean Park)

Admiralty station has a total of six underground floors; the uppermost (L1) floor has the fare control, lobby, shops, Customer Service Centre and other major facilities.[20]

On floor L2, passengers can access Platforms 4 (Tsuen Wan line to Central) and 3 (Island line to Chai Wan). One floor down, on level L3, are Platforms 2 (Island line to Kennedy Town) and 1 (Tsuen Wan line to Tsuen Wan).[20]

There are very wide passageways between the two platforms on each of floors L2 and L3; they are also curved platforms with trains going in opposite directions. The platforms are in the shape of a trapezium.[20] Because all the platforms are curved, there are large stickers in front of the platform screen doors with "Mind the gap" text, which can only be found in this station.[citation needed] Passengers travelling from Eastern District and Wan Chai District can walk across to platform 1 to board the Tsuen Wan line trains bound for Kowloon, Kwai Chung and Tsuen Wan. Passengers travelling from Kowloon, Kwai Chung and Tsuen Wan can walk across and board the Island line trains bound for Chai Wan from platform 3.[20]

Entrances and exits[edit]

Admiralty is part of the central business district of Hong Kong Island. There are many office buildings around the station. A major shopping centre, Pacific Place, is accessed through a pedestrian walkway from Exit F.[21]

Transport connections[edit]

Admiralty (West) Public Transport Interchange at Admiralty station, near at Exit B.

There is a bus terminus stretching across the length of Admiralty that can be reached from exits B, C2 and D. The terminus is served by buses that connect to many different parts of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon and the New Territories.

Bus routes[edit]

  • Bus
    • KMB, serving only cross-harbour routes on Hong Kong Island
    • First Bus
    • Citybus
    • Bus terminuses within walking distance of the station:
      • Admiralty (West) – Exit B
      • Admiralty (Tamar Street) – Exit B
      • Admiralty (Drake Street) – Exit C2
      • Admiralty (East) – Exit D
      • Admiralty (Rodney Street) – between Exit D

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "MTR's South Island Line to open on December 28". RTHK. 5 December 2016.
  2. ^ "港鐵東鐵綫過海段5月15日開通!首班車 5.25am 會展站通往紅磡".
  3. ^ "港鐵東鐵綫過海段通車 不少鐵路迷乘搭稱心情很興奮".
  4. ^ Malcolm Surry, Metro's role in the property game, South China Morning Post, 16 July 1976
  5. ^ 地下鐵路首日通車紀念特刊 (in Traditional Chinese). Hong Kong: MTR Corporation. 1979 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ 地下鐵路港島綫首日通車紀念特刊 (in Traditional Chinese). Hong Kong: Mass Transit Railway Corporation. 1985 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ "Arson : Admiralty MTR Station".
  8. ^ Prosecution against arsonist on MTR train 2006 no.50High Court (Hong Kong) (Traditional Chinese)
  9. ^ a b c d e f g "MTR – South Island Line > Station Information > Admiralty Station". mtr-southislandline.hk. Archived from the original on 5 November 2016. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  10. ^ "Christmas Eve Open Day at South Island Line Stations Ahead of Passenger Service Commencement on 28 December" (PDF). MTR. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 December 2016. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
  11. ^ a b c "MTR – Shatin to Central Link – Project Details – Alignment". mtr-shatincentrallink.hk. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  12. ^ MTR Service Update (5 July 2016). "金鐘站新建部分" (in Chinese). MTR Service Update. Retrieved 3 November 2016.
  13. ^ Passengers feel the crush after fare reductions, Anita Lam, 10 March 2008, South China Morning Post [1]
  14. ^ "Minutes of meeting on Friday, 10 February 2017, at 10:00 am in Conference Room 2 of the Legislative Council Complex" (PDF). Legislative Council. Legislative Council. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  15. ^ "StarstruckStations". Facebook. MTR. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  16. ^ "Special crowd control measures". MTR Service Update. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  17. ^ 甄挺良; 黃雅盈 (6 January 2017). 港鐵新招解決放工逼爆人潮 中環「吉車」出金鐘載客過海. HK01 (in Chinese (Hong Kong)). HK01. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  18. ^ "MTR Officially Awards HK$3.3 Billion Signalling System Replacement Contract" (PDF). MTR. 3 March 2015.
  19. ^ "MTR - Shartin to Central Link". 12 October 2020.
  20. ^ a b c d "Admiralty Station layout" (PDF). MTR Corporation. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  21. ^ "Admiralty Station street map" (PDF). MTR Corporation. Retrieved 30 July 2014.