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1985 Hong Kong legislative election Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1985_Hong_Kong_legislative_election

1985 Hong Kong legislative election
Flag of Hong Kong 1959.svg
26 September 1985 1988 →

24 (of the 46) unofficial members to the Legislative Council

The 1985 Hong Kong Legislative Council election was an indirect election for members of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong (LegCo) held on 26 September 1985. It was the first ever election of the Legislative Council in Hong Kong which marked the beginning of the Hong Kong representative democracy.

After the Sino-British Joint Declaration, the Hong Kong government decided to start the process of democratisation in Hong Kong based on the consultative document Green Paper: the Further Development of Representative Government in Hong Kong published on 18 July 1984. There were 12 members elected by the Electoral Colleges and 12 by the functional constituencies, four official members and the rest of the seats were appointed by the Governor.

Composition[edit]

Electoral colleges[edit]

12 unofficial members were elected by the electoral college comprised all members of the District Boards, the Urban Council and the new Regional Council. In order to achieve a more balanced and adequate representation the District Boards would be grouped into ten geographical constituencies each representing approximately 500,000 people. The remaining two seats would be provided by the two special constituencies formed respectively by members of the Urban Council and the Regional Council. The interests of the Heung Yee Kuk would be represented through the Regional Council. The 12 constituencies formed from the electoral college were:[1]

  1. East Island: Eastern District and Wan Chai District
  2. West Island: Central & Western District and Southern District
  3. Kwun Tong: Kwun Tong District
  4. Wong Tai Sin: Wong Tai Sin District
  5. Kowloon City: Kowloon City District
  6. Sham Shui Po: Sham Shui Po District
  7. South Kowloon: Mong Kok District and Yau Ma Tei District
  8. East New Territories: North District, Tai Po District and Shatin District
  9. West New Territories: Yuen Long District and Tuen Mun District
  10. South New Territories: Tsuen Wan District (including Tsing Yi), Islands District and Sai Kung District
  11. Urban Council
  12. Regional Council

Functional constituencies[edit]

Nine functional constituencies returned 12 unofficial members to the Legislative Council. The commercial, industrial, and labour constituencies would each return two unofficial members to the Legislative Council. The remaining six constituencies would each return one unofficial member. The nine functional constituencies and their representative organizations were:[1]

  1. Commercial (2 seats):
    1. First Commercial: Hong Kong General Chamber of Commerce
    2. Second Commercial: Chinese General Chamber of Commerce
  2. Industrial (2 seats):
    1. First Industrial: Federation of Hong Kong Industries
    2. Second Industrial: Chinese Manufacturers' Association of Hong Kong
  3. Financial: Hong Kong Association of Banks
  4. Labour (2 seats): all registered employee trade unions
  5. Social Services: Hong Kong Council of Social Service
  6. Medical: Hong Kong Medical Association
  7. Teaching
  8. Legal
  9. Engineering, Architectural, Surveying and Planning

Results[edit]

Electoral College Constituencies[edit]

Constituency Candidates Votes
Urban Council Hilton Cheong-Leen 16
Elsie Tu 13
Provisional Regional Council Lau Wong-fat Uncontested
East Island Desmond Lee Yu-tai 24
Kwan Lim-ho 16
Albert Cheung Chi-piu 0
Lee Kam-kee 0
Peggy Lam Pei 0
Chum Ting-pong 0
West Island Liu Lit-for 18
Anthony Ng Sung-man 16
Keith Lam Hon-keung 8
Kwun Tong Poon Chi-fai 18
Cheng Kwan-suen 11
Li Wah-ming 0
Wong Tai Sin Conrad Lam Kui-shing 16
Liu Koon-sing 15
Kowloon City Daniel Tse Chi-wai 13
Pao Ping-wing 11
Peter Chan Chi-kwan 0
Sham Shui Po Chung Pui-lam 19
Ambrose Cheung Wing-sum 8
South Kowloon Jackie Chan Chai-keung 12
Ena Yuen Yin-hung 7
Jacob Chan Lai-sang 6
Ip Kwok-chung 0
East New Territories Andrew Wong Wang-fat 29
Pang Hang-yin 25
Liu Ching-leung 0
Wong Yuen-cheung 0
Wai Hon-leung 0
West New Territories Tai Chin-wah 22
Man For-tai 18
Alfred Tso Shiu-wai 0
Kingsley Sit Ho-yin 0
Tang Siu-tong 0
South New Territories Richard Lai Sung-lung 34
Lam Wai-keung 28
John Ho Tung-ching 0

Functional Constituencies[edit]

Constituency Candidates Votes
First Commercial Thomas Clydesdale 470
A. C. William Blaauw 320
Second Commercial Ho Sai-chu Uncontested
First Industrial Stephen Cheong Kam-chuen Uncontested
Second Industrial Ngai Shiu-kit 544
Ho Yuk-wing 31
Financial David Li Kwok-po Uncontested
Labour
(2 seats)
Pang Chun-hoi Uncontested
Tam Yiu-chung Uncontested
Social Services Hui Yin-fat 76
Mak Hoi-wah 41
Chan Sau-han 22
Medical Chiu Hin-kwong 1,168
Edward Leong Che-hung 1,049
Teaching Szeto Wah 12,706
Luk Yip Jing-ping 2,655
Ko Gra-yee 2,165
Chan Yat-tong 577
Wu Siu-wai 409
Legal Martin Lee Chu-ming 488
Henry Denis Litton 312
Edmund Chow Wai-hung 43
Engineering, Architectural,
Surveying and Planning
Cheng Hon-kwan 1,129
Raymond Ho Chung-tai 1,074
To Leung-tak 496

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b The Hong Kong Government (1984). White Paper: The Further Development of Representative Government in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Government Printer.